Hasbro, Inc.
HASBRO INC (Form: 10-K, Received: 02/25/2009 14:38:46)
Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549
 
Form 10-K
 
     
þ
  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the fiscal year ended December 28, 2008
 
Commission file number 1-6682
Hasbro, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant, As Specified in its Charter)
 
     
Rhode Island   05-0155090
(State of Incorporation)   (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
     
1027 Newport Avenue,
Pawtucket, Rhode Island
  02862
(Zip Code)
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)    
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (401) 431-8697
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
 
Common Stock
Preference Share Purchase Rights
  New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  þ   or  No  o .
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  o   or  No  þ .
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  þ   or  No  o .
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.   þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
             
Large accelerated filer þ
  Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer  o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes  o   or  No  þ .
 
The aggregate market value on June 27, 2008 (the last business day of the Company’s most recently completed second quarter) of the voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, computed by reference to the closing price of the stock on that date, was approximately $4,412,000,000. The registrant does not have non-voting common stock outstanding.
 
The number of shares of common stock outstanding as of February 9, 2009 was 139,269,056.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
Portions of our definitive proxy statement for our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Report.
 


 

 
HASBRO, INC.
 
Table of Contents
 
                 
        Page
 
      Business     1  
      Risk Factors     8  
      Unresolved Staff Comments     17  
      Properties     17  
      Legal Proceedings     18  
      Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders     18  
 
      Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     19  
      Selected Financial Data     20  
      Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     21  
      Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk     39  
      Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     40  
      Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     76  
      Controls and Procedures     76  
      Other Information     78  
 
      Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance     78  
      Executive Compensation     78  
      Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters     79  
      Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence     79  
      Principal Accounting Fees and Services     79  
 
      Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules     79  
        Signatures     88  
  Ex-10(zz) Form of Restricted Stock Unit Agreement under the Hasbro, Inc. 2003 Stock Incentive Performance Plan
  Ex-10(aaa) Hasbro, Inc. Amended and Restated Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan
  Ex-10(hhh) Amendment to Chairmanship Agreement between the Company and Alan Hassenfeld
  Ex-12 Statement re computation of ratios
  Ex-21 Subsidiaries of the registrant
  Ex-23 Consent of KPMG LLP
  Ex-31.1 Section 302 Certification of CEO
  Ex-31.2 Section 302 Certification of CFO
  Ex-32.1 Section 906 Certification of CEO
  Ex-32.2 Section 906 Certification of CFO


Table of Contents

 
PART I
 
Item 1.    Business
 
General Development and Description of Business and Business Segments
 
Except as expressly indicated or unless the context otherwise requires, as used herein, “Hasbro”, the “Company”, “we”, or “us”, means Hasbro, Inc., a Rhode Island corporation organized on January 8, 1926, and its subsidiaries. Unless otherwise specifically indicated, all dollar or share amounts herein are expressed in thousands of dollars or shares, except for per share amounts.
 
Overview
 
We are a worldwide leader in children’s and family leisure time and entertainment products and services, including the design, manufacture and marketing of games and toys. Internationally and in the United States, our widely recognized core brands such as PLAYSKOOL, TRANSFORMERS, MY LITTLE PONY, LITTLEST PET SHOP, TONKA, G.I. JOE, SUPER SOAKER, MILTON BRADLEY, PARKER BROTHERS, TIGER and WIZARDS OF THE COAST provide what we believe are the highest quality play experiences in the world. Our offerings encompass a broad variety of games, including traditional board, card, hand-held electronic, trading card, role-playing and DVD games, as well as electronic learning aids and puzzles. Toy offerings include boys’ action figures, vehicles and playsets, girls’ toys, electronic toys, plush products, preschool toys and infant products, electronic interactive products, creative play and toy related specialty products. In addition, we license certain of our trademarks, characters and other property rights to third parties for use in connection with digital gaming, consumer promotions, and for the sale of non-competing toys and games and non-toy products.
 
Organizationally, our principal segments are U.S. and Canada and International. Both of these segments engage in the marketing and selling of various toy and game products as listed above. Our toy, game and puzzle products are developed by a global development group. We also have a global marketing function which establishes brand direction and assists the segments in establishing certain local marketing programs. The costs of these groups are allocated to the principal segments. Our U.S. and Canada segment covers the United States and Canada while the International segment primarily includes Europe, the Asia Pacific region and Latin and South America (including Mexico). Financial information with respect to our segments and geographic areas is included in note 16 to our financial statements, which are included in Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
 
In addition, our Global Operations segment is responsible for arranging product manufacturing and sourcing for the U.S. and Canada and International segments and our Other segment out-licenses our intellectual property to third parties on a worldwide basis, including licensing of the Company’s intellectual property for use in digital games.
 
U.S. and Canada
 
The U.S. and Canada segment’s strategy is based on growing its core brands through innovation and reinvention, introducing new initiatives driven by consumer and marketplace insights and leveraging opportunistic toy and game lines and licenses. This strategy includes increasing visibility of the Company’s core brands through entertainment, such as motion pictures, television and publishing. Major 2008 brands and products included STAR WARS, TRANSFORMERS, LITTLEST PET SHOP, NERF, PLAYSKOOL, MARVEL products, MONOPOLY, FURREAL FRIENDS, MAGIC: THE GATHERING, and BABY ALIVE. In the U.S. and Canada segment, our products were organized into the following categories in 2008: (i) games and puzzles; (ii) boys’ toys; (iii) girls’ toys; (iv) preschool toys; (v) tween toys; and (vi) other.
 
Our games and puzzles category includes several well known brands, including MILTON BRADLEY, PARKER BROTHERS, TRIVIAL PURSUIT, CRANIUM, AVALON HILL and WIZARDS OF THE COAST. These brand portfolios consist of a broad assortment of games for children, tweens, families and adults. Core game brands include MONOPOLY, BATTLESHIP, GAME OF LIFE, SCRABBLE, CHUTES AND


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LADDERS, CANDY LAND, TROUBLE, MOUSETRAP, OPERATION, HUNGRY HUNGRY HIPPOS, CONNECT FOUR, TWISTER, YAHTZEE, CRANIUM, JENGA, SIMON, CLUE, SORRY!, RISK, BOGGLE, TRIVIAL PURSUIT and GUESS WHO?, as well as a line of puzzles for children and adults, including the BIG BEN and CROXLEY lines of puzzles. WIZARDS OF THE COAST offers trading card and role-playing games, including MAGIC: THE GATHERING and DUNGEONS & DRAGONS. We seek to keep our core brands relevant through sustained marketing programs as well as by offering consumers new ways to experience these brands. In 2008, we acquired Cranium, Inc., which resulted in an extension of our core brand portfolio of games. The Cranium brand includes a range of products targeted to kids, families and adults. In addition, we hope to increase the reach of our brands through our strategic alliance with Electronic Arts Inc. (“EA”) which expands our brands to a variety of new digital platforms.
 
Our boys’ toys include a wide range of core brands such as G.I. JOE and TRANSFORMERS action figures and accessories as well as entertainment-based licensed products based on popular movie, television and comic book characters, such as STAR WARS and MARVEL toys and accessories. In the action figure area, a key part of our strategy focuses on the importance of reinforcing the storyline associated with these products through the use of media-based entertainment. In 2008, sales in our boys’ toys category also benefited from major motion picture releases of IRONMAN, THE INCREDIBLE HULK, and INDIANA JONES AND THE KINGDOM OF THE CRYSTAL SKULL. In addition, STAR WARS, SPIDER-MAN and TRANSFORMERS products were supported by animated television series. In 2009, the major motion pictures G.I. JOE: THE RISE OF COBRA and TRANSFORMERS: REVENGE OF THE FALLEN are expected to be released based on our G.I. JOE and TRANSFORMERS brands. In addition, the Company expects product revenues from the 2009 release of the motion picture, X-MEN ORIGINS: WOLVERINE, based on the MARVEL character. In addition to marketing and developing action figures for traditional play, the Company also develops and markets products designed for collectors, which has been a key component of the success of the STAR WARS brand.
 
In our girls’ toys category, we seek to provide a traditional and wholesome play experience. Girls’ toys include LITTLEST PET SHOP, MY LITTLE PONY, FURREAL FRIENDS and BABY ALIVE brands. In 2009, we will seek to continue to grow and refresh the LITTLEST PET SHOP brand through the introduction of new characters. In addition, in 2009, we plan to expand our presence in this category by introducing a full line of STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE toys.
 
Our preschool toys category encompasses a range of products for infants and preschoolers in the various stages of development. Our preschool products include a portfolio of core brands marketed primarily under the PLAYSKOOL trademark. The PLAYSKOOL line includes such well-known products as MR. POTATO HEAD, WEEBLES, SIT ’N SPIN and GLOWORM, along with a successful line of infant toys including STEP START WALK N’ RIDE, 2-IN-1 TUMMY TIME GYM and BUSY BALL POPPER. Through our AGES & STAGES system, we seek to provide consumer friendly information that assists parents in understanding the developmental milestones their children will encounter as well as the role each PLAYSKOOL product can play in helping children to achieve these developmental milestones. In addition, our preschool category also includes the TONKA line of trucks and interactive toys and the PLAY-DOH brand.
 
Over the last several years our tweens toys category generally marketed products under the TIGER and NERF brands and sought to target those children who have outgrown traditional toys. The age group targeted by this category was generally 8 to 12 years old. The major tweens toys product lines in 2008 were NERF and I-DOG. In recent years, we have used our consumer insights and electronic innovation to develop a strong line of products focusing on this target audience; however, as consumer electronics have become more affordable to this age group, this category has become less relevant. As a result, we have seen a reduction in demand for many tween electronic products as the target consumers have increasingly embraced adult consumer electronics. We also have not achieved the profit margins on many of the tween electronic products which we considered necessary. For that reason, starting in 2009 we will no longer have a tweens product category. However, we do plan to continue to opportunistically offer electronic products which we believe can be successful items. Going forward, those items will be offered under either our boys’ or girls’ categories. For example, starting in 2009, I-DOG will be managed under the girls’ toys category. In addition, our NERF and


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SUPER SOAKER products have been highly successful and starting in 2009 will be managed as part of the boys’ toys category.
 
International
 
In addition to our business in the United States and Canada, our International segment sells a representative range of the toy and game products marketed in the U.S. and Canada segment as discussed above, together with some items that are sold only internationally. These products are sold directly to retailers and wholesalers in most countries in Europe, Asia Pacific and Latin and South America and through distributors in those countries where we have no presence. The products sold internationally are managed under the same categories as in the U.S. and Canada. The major geographic regions included in the International segment are Europe, Asia Pacific and Latin and South America, including Mexico. In addition to growing core brands and leveraging opportunistic toy lines and licenses, we seek to grow our international business by continuing to expand into Eastern Europe and emerging markets in Asia and Latin and South America. In 2008, we expanded our operations in Brazil, China, Russia, the Czech Republic and Korea. Key international brands for 2008 included LITTLEST PET SHOP, PLAYSKOOL, TRANSFORMERS, STAR WARS, MONOPOLY, MY LITTLE PONY and MARVEL.
 
Other Segments
 
In our Global Operations segment, we manufacture and source production of substantially all of our toy and game products. The Company owns and operates manufacturing facilities in East Longmeadow, Massachusetts and Waterford, Ireland. Sourcing of our other production is done through unrelated manufacturers in various Far East countries, principally China, using a Hong Kong based wholly-owned subsidiary operation for quality control and order coordination purposes. See “Manufacturing and Importing” below for more details concerning overseas manufacturing and sourcing.
 
Through our Other segment we generate revenue through the out-licensing worldwide of certain of our intellectual properties to third parties for promotional and merchandising uses in businesses which do not compete directly with our own product offerings. During 2008, our Other segment out-licensed our brands primarily in apparel, publishing, home goods and electronics, and certain brands in the digital area. One of the primary goals of this segment is to further expand our brands into the digital world through strategic licenses. As an example, we have a long-term strategic licensing alliance with Electronic Arts Inc. (“EA”), which provides EA with the exclusive worldwide rights to create digital games for all major platforms, including mobile phones, personal computers, and game consoles such as XBOX, PLAYSTATION and WII, based on most of our toy and game intellectual properties. The first games generated under this strategic alliance were introduced in 2008, with a full line expected in 2009. In 2009, the Company expects its licensing revenues to be positively impacted by the major motion picture releases of G.I. JOE: RISE OF COBRA and TRANSFORMERS: REVENGE OF THE FALLEN.
 
Other Information
 
To further extend our range of products in the various segments of our business, we sell our toy and game products directly to retailers, primarily on a direct import basis from the Far East. These sales are reflected in the revenue of the related segment where the customer resides.
 
Certain of our products are licensed to other companies for sale in selected countries where we do not otherwise have a direct business presence.
 
No individual line of products accounted for 10% or more of our consolidated net revenues during our 2008 and 2006 fiscal years. During the 2007 fiscal year, revenues generated from TRANSFORMERS products were approximately $482,000, which was 12.6% of our consolidated net revenues in 2007. No other line of products constituted 10% or more of our consolidated net revenues in 2007.


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Working Capital Requirements
 
Our working capital needs are primarily financed through cash generated from operations and, when necessary, proceeds from short-term borrowings and our accounts receivable securitization program. Our borrowings and the use of our accounts receivable program generally reach peak levels during the third quarter of each year. This corresponds to the time of year when our receivables also generally reach peak levels as part of the production and shipment of product in preparation for the holiday season. The strategy of retailers has generally been to make a higher percentage of their purchases of toy and game products within or close to the fourth quarter holiday consumer buying season, which includes Christmas. We expect that retailers will continue to follow this strategy. Our historical revenue pattern is one in which the second half of the year is more significant to our overall business than the first half and, within the second half of the year, the fourth quarter is generally more predominant. In 2008, the second half of the year accounted for approximately 63% of full year revenues with the third and fourth quarters accounting for 32% and 31% of full year revenues, respectively. In years where the Company has products tied to a major motion picture release, such as in 2008 with the mid-year releases of IRONMAN, THE INCREDIBLE HULK and INDIANA JONES AND THE KINGDOM OF THE CRYSTAL SKULL, and in 2007 with the mid-year releases of SPIDER-MAN 3 and TRANSFORMERS, this concentration may not be as pronounced due to the higher level of sales that occur around and just prior to the time of the motion picture theatrical release.
 
The toy and game business is also characterized by customer order patterns which vary from year to year largely because of differences each year in the degree of consumer acceptance of product lines, product availability, marketing strategies and inventory policies of retailers, the dates of theatrical releases of major motion pictures for which we have product licenses, and changes in overall economic conditions. As a result, comparisons of our unshipped orders on any date with those at the same date in a prior year are not necessarily indicative of our sales for that year. Moreover, quick response inventory management practices result in fewer orders being placed significantly in advance of shipment and more orders being placed for immediate delivery. Retailers are timing their orders so that they are being filled by suppliers, such as us, closer to the time of purchase by consumers. Unshipped orders at January 25, 2009 and January 27, 2008 were approximately $108,000 and $149,000, respectively. It is a general industry practice that orders are subject to amendment or cancellation by customers prior to shipment. The backlog of unshipped orders at any date in a given year can also be affected by programs that we may employ to incent customers to place orders and accept shipments early in the year. These programs follow general industry practices. The types of programs that we plan to employ to promote sales in 2009 are substantially the same as those we employed in 2008. In the fourth quarter of 2008 we increased our support of retailers as a result of the weak retail environment. The Company currently does not expect to have similar incremental promotional programs in 2009.
 
Historically, we commit to the majority of our inventory production and advertising and marketing expenditures for a given year prior to the peak third and fourth quarter retail selling season. Our accounts receivable increase during the third and fourth quarter as customers increase their purchases to meet expected consumer demand in the holiday season. Due to the concentrated timeframe of this selling period, payments for these accounts receivable are generally not due until later in the fourth quarter or early in the first quarter of the subsequent year. The timing difference between expenses paid and revenues collected sometimes makes it necessary for us to borrow varying amounts during the year. During 2008, we utilized cash from our operations, borrowings under our secured amended and restated revolving credit agreements as well as our uncommitted lines of credit, and proceeds from our accounts receivable securitization program to meet our cash flow requirements.
 
Royalties, Research and Development
 
Our success is dependent on innovation, including both the continuing development of new products and the redesign of existing products for continued market acceptance. Our toy, game and puzzle products are developed by a global development group and the costs of this group are allocated to the selling entities which comprise our operating segments. In 2008, 2007, and 2006, we spent $191,424, $167,194 and $171,358, respectively, on activities relating to the development, design and engineering of new products and their packaging (including products brought to us by independent designers) and on the improvement or


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modification of ongoing products. Much of this work is performed by our internal staff of designers, artists, model makers and engineers.
 
In addition to the design and development work performed by our own staff, we deal with a number of independent toy and game designers for whose designs and ideas we compete with other toy and game manufacturers. Rights to such designs and ideas, when acquired by us, are usually exclusive and the agreements require us to pay the designer a royalty on our net sales of the item. These designer royalty agreements, in some cases, also provide for advance royalties and minimum guarantees.
 
We also produce a number of toys and games under trademarks and copyrights utilizing the names or likenesses of characters from movies, television shows and other entertainment media, for whose rights we compete with other toy and game manufacturers. Licensing fees for these rights are generally paid as a royalty on our net sales of the item. Licenses for the use of characters are generally exclusive for specific products or product lines in specified territories. In many instances, advance royalties and minimum guarantees are required by these license agreements. In 2008, 2007, and 2006, we incurred $312,986, $316,807 and $169,731, respectively, of royalty expense. A portion of this expense relates to amounts paid in prior years as royalty advances. Our royalty expenses in any given year vary depending upon the timing of movie releases and other entertainment. Royalty expense in 2008 and 2007 was more significant in those years as compared to 2006 due to the release of IRONMAN, THE INCREDIBLE HULK and INDIANA JONES AND THE KINGDOM OF THE CRYSTAL SKULL in 2008 and SPIDER-MAN 3 and TRANSFORMERS in 2007. In addition, royalty expense related to sales of STAR WARS products were significant in both of these years.
 
Marketing and Sales
 
As we are focused on reimagining, reinventing and reigniting our many brands on a consistent global basis, we have a global marketing function which establishes brand direction and messaging, as well as assists the selling entities in establishing certain local marketing programs. The costs of this group are allocated to the selling entities. Our products are sold nationally and internationally to a broad spectrum of customers, including wholesalers, distributors, chain stores, discount stores, mail order houses, catalog stores, department stores and other traditional retailers, large and small, as well as internet-based “e-tailers.” Our own sales forces account for the majority of sales of our products. Remaining sales are generated by independent distributors who sell our products, for the most part, in areas of the world where we do not otherwise maintain a direct presence. While we have thousands of customers, including over 1,800 in the United States during 2008, there has been significant consolidation at the retail level over the last several years in our industry. As a result, the majority of our sales are to large chain stores, distributors and wholesalers. While the consolidation of customers provides us with certain benefits, such as potentially more efficient product distribution and other decreased costs of sales and distribution, this consolidation also creates additional risks to our business associated with a major customer having financial difficulties or reducing its business with us. In addition, customer concentration may decrease the prices we are able to obtain for some of our products and reduce the number of products we would otherwise be able to bring to market. During 2008, net revenues from our three largest customers, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., Target Corporation and Toys “R” Us, Inc., represented 25%, 12% and 10%, respectively, of consolidated net revenues, and sales to our top five customers, including Wal-Mart, Target and Toys “R” Us, Inc., accounted for approximately 52% of our consolidated net revenues. In the U.S. and Canada segment, approximately 71% of the net revenues of the segment were derived from our top three customers.
 
We advertise many of our toy and game products extensively on television. Generally our advertising highlights selected items in our various product groups in a manner designed to promote the sale of not only the selected item, but also other items we offer in those product groups as well. We introduce many of our new products to major customers during the year prior to the year of introduction of such products for retail sale. In addition, we showcase certain of our new products in New York City at the time of the American International Toy Fair in February, as well as at other international toy shows.
 
In 2008 we spent $454,612 on advertising, promotion and marketing programs compared to $434,742 in 2007 and $368,996 in 2006.


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Manufacturing and Importing
 
During 2008 substantially all of our products were manufactured in third party facilities in the Far East, primarily China, as well as in our two owned facilities located in East Longmeadow, Massachusetts and Waterford, Ireland.
 
Most of our products are manufactured from basic raw materials such as plastic, paper and cardboard, although certain products also make use of electronic components. All of these materials are readily available but may be subject to significant fluctuations in price. There are certain chemicals (including phthalates and BPA) that national, state and local governments have restricted or are seeking to restrict or limit the use of; however, we do not believe these restrictions will materially impact our business. We generally enter into agreements with suppliers at the beginning of a fiscal year that establish prices for that year. However, significant volatility in the prices of any of these materials may require renegotiation with our suppliers during the year. Our manufacturing processes and those of our vendors include injection molding, blow molding, spray painting, printing, box making and assembly. We purchase most of the components and accessories used in our toys and certain of the components used in our games, as well as some finished items, from manufacturers in the United States and in other countries. However, the countries of the Far East, and particularly the People’s Republic of China, constitute the largest manufacturing center of toys in the world and the substantial majority of our toy products are manufactured in China. The 1996 implementation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade reduced or eliminated customs duties on many of the products imported by us.
 
We believe that the manufacturing capacity of our third party manufacturers, together with our own facilities, as well as the supply of components, accessories and completed products which we purchase from unaffiliated manufacturers, are adequate to meet the anticipated demand in 2009 for our products. Our reliance on designated external sources of manufacturing could be shifted, over a period of time, to alternative sources of supply for our products, should such changes be necessary or desirable. However, if we were to be prevented from obtaining products from a substantial number of our current Far East suppliers due to political, labor or other factors beyond our control, our operations and our ability to obtain products would be disrupted while alternative sources of product were secured. The imposition of trade sanctions by the United States or the European Union against a class of products imported by us from, or the loss of “normal trade relations” status by, the People’s Republic of China, or other factors which increase the cost of manufacturing in China, such as higher Chinese labor costs or an appreciation in the yuan, could significantly disrupt our operations and/or significantly increase the cost of the products which are manufactured in China and imported into other markets.
 
We purchase dies and molds from independent United States and international sources.
 
Competition
 
We are a worldwide leader in the design, manufacture and marketing of games and toys, but our business is highly competitive. We compete with several large toy and game companies in our product categories, as well as many smaller United States and international toy and game designers, manufacturers and marketers. Competition is based primarily on meeting consumer entertainment preferences and on the quality and play value of our products. To a lesser extent, competition is also based on product pricing.
 
In addition to contending with competition from other toy and game companies, in our business we must deal with the phenomena that many children have been moving away from traditional toys and games at a younger age. We refer to this as “children getting older younger.” As a result, our products not only compete with the offerings of other toy and game manufacturers, but we must compete, particularly in meeting the demands of older children, with the entertainment offerings of many other companies, such as makers of video games and consumer electronic products.
 
The volatility in consumer preferences with respect to family entertainment and low barriers to entry continually create new opportunities for existing competitors and start-ups to develop products which compete with our toy and game offerings.


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Employees
 
At December 28, 2008, we employed approximately 5,900 persons worldwide, approximately 3,200 of whom were located in the United States.
 
Trademarks, Copyrights and Patents
 
We seek to protect our products, for the most part, and in as many countries as practical, through registered trademarks, copyrights and patents to the extent that such protection is available, cost effective, and meaningful. The loss of such rights concerning any particular product is unlikely to result in significant harm to our business, although the loss of such protection for a number of significant items might have such an effect.
 
Government Regulation
 
Our toy and game products sold in the United States are subject to the provisions of The Consumer Product Safety Act, as amended by the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008, (as amended, the “CPSA”), The Federal Hazardous Substances Act (the “FHSA”), The Flammable Fabrics Act (the “FFA”), and the regulations promulgated thereunder. In addition, certain of our products, such as the mixes for our EASY-BAKE ovens, are also subject to regulation by the Food and Drug Administration.
 
The CPSA empowers the Consumer Product Safety Commission (the “CPSC”) to take action against hazards presented by consumer products, including the formulation and implementation of regulations and uniform safety standards. The CPSC has the authority to seek to declare a product “a banned hazardous substance” under the CPSA and to ban it from commerce. The CPSC can file an action to seize and condemn an “imminently hazardous consumer product” under the CPSA and may also order equitable remedies such as recall, replacement, repair or refund for the product. The FHSA provides for the repurchase by the manufacturer of articles that are banned.
 
Consumer product safety laws also exist in some states and cities within the United States and in certain foreign markets such as Canada, Australia and Europe. We utilize laboratories that employ testing and other procedures intended to maintain compliance with the CPSA, the FHSA, the FFA, applicable international standards, and our own standards. Notwithstanding the foregoing, there can be no assurance that our products are or will be hazard free. Any material product recall could have an adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition, depending on the product and scope of the recall, and could negatively affect sales of our other products as well.
 
The Children’s Television Act of 1990 and the rules promulgated thereunder by the United States Federal Communications Commission, as well as the laws of certain foreign countries, also place limitations on television commercials during children’s programming.
 
We maintain programs to comply with various United States federal, state, local and international requirements relating to the environment, plant safety and other matters.
 
Financial Information about International and United States Operations
 
The information required by this item is included in note 16 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of Part II of this report and is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Availability of Information
 
Our internet address is http://www.hasbro.com. We make our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, available free of charge on or through our website as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission.


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Item 1A.    Risk Factors
 
Forward-Looking Information and Risk Factors That May Affect Future Results
 
From time to time, including in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and in our annual report to shareholders, we publish “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These “forward-looking statements” may relate to such matters as our anticipated financial performance or business prospects in future periods, expected technological and product developments, the expected timing of new product introductions or our expectations concerning the future acceptance of products by customers, the timing of entertainment releases, marketing and promotional efforts, research and development activities, liquidity, and similar matters. Forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a safe harbor for forward-looking statements. These statements may be identified by the use of forward-looking words or phrases such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “expect,” “intend,” “looking forward,” “may,” “planned,” “potential,” “should,” “will” and “would” or any variations of words with similar meanings. We note that a variety of factors could cause our actual results and experience to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed or anticipated in our forward-looking statements. The factors listed below are illustrative and other risks and uncertainties may arise as are or may be detailed from time to time in our public announcements and our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, such as on Forms 8-K, 10-Q and 10-K. We undertake no obligation to make any revisions to the forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K or in our annual report to shareholders to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of the filing of this report. Unless otherwise specifically indicated, all dollar or share amounts herein are expressed in thousands of dollars or shares, except for per share amounts.
 
The volatility of consumer preferences, combined with the high level of competition and low barriers to entry in the family entertainment industry, make it difficult to maintain the success of existing products and product lines or introduce successful new products. In addition, an inability to develop and introduce planned new products and product lines in a timely and cost-effective manner may damage our business.
 
The family entertainment business is a fashion industry. Our success is critically dependent upon the consumer appeal of our products, principally games and toys. Our failure to successfully anticipate, identify and react to children’s interests and the current preferences in family entertainment could significantly lower sales of our products and harm our sales and profitability.
 
A decline in the popularity of our existing products and product lines, or the failure of our new products and product lines to achieve and sustain market acceptance with retailers and consumers, could significantly lower our revenues and operating margins, which would in turn harm our profitability, business and financial condition. In our industry, it is important to identify and offer what are considered to be the “hot” toys and games on children’s “wish lists”. Our continued success will depend on our ability to develop, market and sell popular toys and games and license our brands for products which are sought after by both children and their parents. We seek to achieve and maintain market popularity for our products through the redesign and extension of our existing family entertainment properties in ways we believe will capture evolving consumer interest and imagination and remain relevant in today’s world, and by developing, introducing and gaining customer interest for new family entertainment products. This process involves anticipating and extending successful play patterns and identifying entertainment concepts and properties that appeal to children’s imaginations. However, consumer preferences with respect to family entertainment are continuously changing and are difficult to anticipate. Evolving consumer tastes, coupled with an ever changing pipeline of entertainment properties and products which compete for consumer interest and acceptance, creates an environment in which products can be extremely popular during a certain period in time but then rapidly be replaced in consumer’s minds with other properties. As a result, individual family entertainment products and properties often have short consumer life cycles.
 
Not only must we address rapidly changing consumer tastes and interests but we face competitors who are also constantly monitoring consumer tastes, seeking ideas which will appeal to consumers and introducing new products that compete with our products for consumer purchasing. In addition to existing competitors, the


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barriers to entry for new participants in the family entertainment industry are low. New participants with a popular product idea or entertainment property can gain access to consumers and become a significant source of competition for our products. In some cases our competitors’ products may achieve greater market acceptance than our products and potentially reduce demand for our products.
 
The challenge of developing and offering products that are sought after by children is compounded by the trend of children “getting older younger”. By this we mean that children are losing interest in traditional toys and games at younger ages and, as a result, at younger and younger ages, our products compete with the offerings of video game suppliers, consumer electronics companies and other businesses outside of the traditional toy and game industry.
 
There is no guarantee that:
 
  •  Any of our current products or product lines will continue to be popular;
 
  •  Any property for which we have a significant license will achieve or sustain popularity;
 
  •  Any new products or product lines we introduce will be considered interesting to consumers and achieve an adequate market acceptance;
 
  •  Any new product’s life cycle will be sufficient to permit us to profitably recover development, manufacturing, marketing, royalties (including royalty advances and guarantees) and other costs of producing, marketing and selling the product; or
 
  •  We will be able to manufacture, source and ship new or continuing products in a timely and cost-effective basis to meet constantly changing consumer demands, a risk that is heightened by our customers’ compressed shipping schedules and the seasonality of our business.
 
In developing new products and product lines, we have anticipated dates for the associated product introductions. When we state that we will introduce, or anticipate introducing, a particular product or product line at a certain time in the future those expectations are based on completing the associated development and implementation work in accordance with our currently anticipated development schedule. Unforeseen delays or difficulties in the development process, or significant increases in the planned cost of development, may cause the introduction date for products to be later than anticipated or, in some situations, may cause a product introduction to be discontinued.
 
Similarly, the success of our products is often dependent on the timelines and effectiveness of related advertising and media efforts. Television programming, movie and DVD releases, comic book releases, and other media efforts are often critical in generating interest in our products. Not only our efforts, but the efforts of third parties, heavily impact the launch dates and success of these media efforts. When we say that products or brands will be supported by certain media releases, those statements are based on our current plans and expectations. Unforeseen factors may delay these media releases or even lead to their cancellation. Any delay or cancellation of planned product development work, introductions, or media support may decrease the number of products we sell and harm our business.
 
Economic downturns which negatively impact the retail and credit markets, or which otherwise damage the financial health of our retail customers and consumers, can harm our business and financial performance.
 
The success of our family entertainment products and our financial performance is dependent on consumer purchases of our products. Consumers may not purchase our products because the products do not capture consumer interest and imagination, or because competitor family entertainment offerings are deemed more attractive. But consumer spending on our products can also be harmed by factors that negatively impact consumers’ budgets generally, and which are not due to our product offerings.
 
Recessions and other economic downturns, or disruptions in credit markets, in the markets in which we operate can result in lower levels of economic activity, lower employment levels, less consumer disposable


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income, and lower consumer confidence. Any of these factors can reduce the amount which consumers spend on the purchase of our products. This in turn can reduce our revenues and harm our financial performance.
 
In addition to experiencing potentially lower revenues from our products during times of economic difficulty, in an effort to maintain sales during such times we may need to reduce the price of our products, increase our promotional spending, or take other steps to encourage retailer and consumer purchase of our products. Those steps may lower our net revenues, decrease our operating margins, increase our costs and/or lower our profitability.
 
Other economic and public health conditions in the markets in which we operate, including rising commodity and fuel prices, higher labor costs, increased transportation costs, outbreaks of SARs or other diseases, or third party conduct could negatively impact our ability to produce and ship our products, and lower our revenues, margins and profitability.
 
Various economic and public health conditions can impact our ability to manufacture and deliver products in a timely and cost-effective manner, or can otherwise have a significant negative impact on our business.
 
Significant increases in the costs of other products which are required by consumers, such as gasoline, home heating fuels, or groceries, may reduce household spending on the discretionary entertainment products we offer. As we discussed above, weakened economic conditions, lowered employment levels or recessions in any of our major markets may significantly reduce consumer purchases of our products. Economic conditions may also be negatively impacted by terrorist attacks, wars and other conflicts, increases in critical commodity prices, or the prospect of such events. Such a weakened economic and business climate, as well as consumer uncertainty created by such a climate, could harm our revenues and profitability.
 
Our success and profitability not only depend on consumer demand for our products, but also on our ability to produce and sell those products at costs which allow for profitable revenues. Rising fuel and raw material prices, for components such as resin used in plastics, increased transportation costs, and increased labor costs in the markets in which our products are manufactured all may increase the costs we incur to produce and transport our products, which in turn may reduce our margins, reduce our profitability and harm our business.
 
Other conditions, such as the unavailability of electrical components, may impede our ability to manufacture, source and ship new and continuing products on a timely basis. Additional factors outside of our control could further delay our products or increase the cost we pay to produce such products. For example, work stoppages, slowdowns or strikes, an outbreak of SARs or another severe public health pandemic, or the occurrence or threat of wars or other conflicts, all could impact our ability to manufacture or deliver product. Any of these factors could result in product delays, increased costs and/or lost sales for our products.
 
We may not realize the full benefit of our licenses if the licensed material has less market appeal than expected or if revenue from the licensed products is not sufficient to earn out the minimum guaranteed royalties.
 
In addition to designing and developing products based on our own brands, we seek to fulfill consumer preferences and interests by producing products based on popular entertainment properties developed by other parties and licensed to us. The success of entertainment properties released theatrically for which we have a license, such as MARVEL or STAR WARS related products, can significantly affect our revenues and profitability. If we produce a line of products based on a movie or television series, the success of the movie or series has a critical impact on the level of consumer interest in the associated products we are offering. In addition, competition in our industry for access to entertainment properties can lessen our ability to secure, maintain, and renew popular licenses to entertainment products on beneficial terms, if at all, and to attract and retain the talented employees necessary to design, develop and market successful products based on these properties. The loss of rights granted pursuant to any of our licensing agreements could harm our business and competitive position.


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The license agreements we enter to obtain these rights usually require us to pay minimum royalty guarantees that may be substantial, and in some cases may be greater than what we are ultimately able to recoup from actual sales, which could result in write-offs of significant amounts which in turn would harm our results of operations. At December 28, 2008, we had $71,000 of prepaid royalties, $44,300 of which are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets and $26,700 of which are included in other assets. Under the terms of existing contracts as of December 28, 2008, we may be required to pay future minimum guaranteed royalties and other licensing fees totaling approximately $57,818. Acquiring or renewing licenses may require the payment of minimum guaranteed royalties that we consider to be too high to be profitable, which may result in losing licenses we currently hold when they become available for renewal, or missing business opportunities for new licenses. Additionally, as a licensee of entertainment based properties we have no guaranty that a particular property or brand will translate into successful toy or game products.
 
We anticipate that the shorter theatrical duration for movie releases will make it increasingly difficult for us to profitably sell licensed products based on entertainment properties and may lead our customers to reduce their demand for these products in order to minimize their inventory risk. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that a successful brand will continue to be successful or maintain a high level of sales in the future, as new entertainment properties and competitive products are continually being introduced to the market. In the event that we are not able to acquire or maintain successful entertainment licenses on advantageous terms, our revenues and profits may be harmed.
 
Our business is seasonal and therefore our annual operating results will depend, in large part, on our sales during the relatively brief holiday shopping season. This seasonality is exacerbated as retailers become more efficient in their control of inventory levels through quick response inventory management techniques.
 
Sales of our family entertainment products at retail are extremely seasonal, with a majority of retail sales occurring during the period from September through December in anticipation of the holiday season, including Christmas. This seasonality has increased over time, as retailers become more efficient in their control of inventory levels through quick response inventory management techniques. These customers are timing their orders so that they are being filled by suppliers, such as us, closer to the time of purchase by consumers. For toys, games and other family entertainment products which we produce, a majority of retail sales for the entire year occur in the fourth quarter, close to the holiday season. As a consequence, the majority of our sales to our customers occur in the period from September through December, as our customers do not want to maintain large on-hand inventories throughout the year ahead of consumer demand. While these techniques reduce a retailer’s investment in inventory, they increase pressure on suppliers like us to fill orders promptly and thereby shift a significant portion of inventory risk and carrying costs to the supplier.
 
The limited inventory carried by retailers may also reduce or delay retail sales, resulting in lower revenues for us. If we or our customers determine that one of our products is more popular at retail than was originally anticipated, we may not have sufficient time to produce and ship enough additional product to fully capture consumer interest in the product. Additionally, the logistics of supplying more and more product within shorter time periods increases the risk that we will fail to achieve tight and compressed shipping schedules, which also may reduce our sales and harm our financial performance. This seasonal pattern requires significant use of working capital, mainly to manufacture or acquire inventory during the portion of the year prior to the holiday season, and requires accurate forecasting of demand for products during the holiday season in order to avoid losing potential sales of popular products or producing excess inventory of products that are less popular with consumers. Our failure to accurately predict and respond to consumer demand, resulting in our underproducing popular items and/or overproducing less popular items, would reduce our total sales and harm our results of operations. In addition, as a result of the seasonal nature of our business, we would be significantly and adversely affected, in a manner disproportionate to the impact on a company with sales spread more evenly throughout the year, by unforeseen events, such as a terrorist attack or economic shock, that harm the retail environment or consumer buying patterns during our key selling season, or by events, such as strikes or port delays, that interfere with the shipment of goods, particularly from the Far East, during the critical months leading up to the holiday purchasing season.


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Our substantial sales and manufacturing operations outside the United States subject us to risks associated with international operations. Among these risks is the fact that fluctuations in foreign exchange rates can significantly impact our financial performance.
 
We operate facilities and sell products in numerous countries outside the United States. For the year ended December 28, 2008, our net revenues from international customers comprised approximately 42% of our total consolidated net revenues. We expect our sales to international customers to continue to account for a significant portion of our revenues. Additionally, as we discuss below, we utilize third-party manufacturers located principally in the Far East, to produce the majority of our products, and we have a manufacturing facility in Ireland. These sales and manufacturing operations are subject to the risks associated with international operations, including:
 
  •  Currency conversion risks and currency fluctuations;
 
  •  Limitations, including taxes, on the repatriation of earnings;
 
  •  Political instability, civil unrest and economic instability;
 
  •  Greater difficulty enforcing intellectual property rights and weaker laws protecting such rights;
 
  •  Complications in complying with different laws in varying jurisdictions and changes in governmental policies;
 
  •  Natural disasters and the greater difficulty and expense in recovering therefrom;
 
  •  Difficulties in moving materials and products from one country to another, including port congestion, strikes and other transportation delays and interruptions;
 
  •  Changes in international labor costs and other costs of doing business internationally; and
 
  •  The imposition of tariffs.
 
Because of the importance of our international sales and international sourcing of manufacturing to our business, our financial condition and results of operations could be significantly harmed if any of the risks described above were to occur.
 
If the exchange rate between the United States dollar and a local currency for an international market in which we have significant sales or operations changes, our financial results, reported in U.S. dollars, may be meaningfully impacted even if our business in the local currency is not significantly affected. As an example, if the dollar appreciates 10% relative to a local currency for an international market in which we had $200 million of net sales, the dollar value of those sales, as they are translated into U.S. dollars, would decrease by $20 million in our consolidated financial results. As such, we would recognize a $20 million decrease in our net revenues, even if the actual level of sales in the foreign market had not changed. Similarly, our expenses in foreign markets can be significantly impacted, in U.S. dollar terms, by exchange rates, meaning the profitability of our business in U.S. dollar terms can be significantly harmed by exchange rate movements.
 
The consolidation of our retail customer base means that economic difficulties or changes in the purchasing policies of our major customers could have a significant impact on us.
 
We depend upon a relatively small retail customer base to sell the majority of our products. For the fiscal year ended December 28, 2008, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., Target Corporation, and Toys “R” Us, Inc., accounted for approximately 25%, 12% and 10%, respectively, of our consolidated net revenues and our five largest customers, including Wal-Mart, Target and Toys “R” Us, in the aggregate accounted for approximately 52% of our consolidated net revenues. In the U.S. and Canada segment, approximately 71% of the net revenues of the segment were derived from our top three customers. While the consolidation of our customer base may provide certain benefits to us, such as potentially more efficient product distribution and other decreased costs of sales and distribution, this consolidation also means that if one or more of our major customers were to experience difficulties in fulfilling their obligations to us, cease doing business with us, significantly reduce


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the amount of their purchases from us or return substantial amounts of our products, it could significantly harm our sales, profitability and financial condition. Increased concentration among our customers could also negatively impact our ability to negotiate higher sales prices for our products and could result in lower gross margins than would otherwise be obtained if there were less consolidation among our customers. In addition, the bankruptcy or other lack of success of one or more of our significant retail customers could negatively impact our revenues and bad debt expense.
 
Our use of third-party manufacturers to produce the majority of our toy products, as well as certain other products, presents risks to our business.
 
We own and operate two game and puzzle manufacturing facilities, one in East Longmeadow, Massachusetts and the other in Waterford, Ireland. However, most of our toy products, in addition to certain other products, are manufactured by third-party manufacturers, most of whom are located in the People’s Republic of China. Although our external sources of manufacturing can be shifted, over a period of time, to alternative sources of supply, should such changes be necessary, if we were prevented or delayed in obtaining products or components for a material portion of our product line due to political, labor or other factors beyond our control, our operations would be disrupted, potentially for a significant period of time, while alternative sources of supply were secured. This delay could significantly reduce our revenues and profitability, and harm our business.
 
Given that the majority of our manufacturing is conducted by third-party manufacturers located in the People’s Republic of China, health conditions and other factors affecting social and economic activity in China and affecting the movement of people and products into and from China to our major markets, including North America and Europe, as well as increases in the costs of labor and other costs of doing business in China, could have a significant negative impact on our operations, revenues and earnings. Factors that could negatively affect our business include a potential significant revaluation of the Chinese yuan, which may result in an increase in the cost of producing products in China, increases in labor costs and difficulties in moving products manufactured in China out of Asia and through the ports on the western coast of North America, whether due to port congestion, labor disputes, product regulations and/or inspections or other factors. Also, the imposition of trade sanctions or other regulations by the United States or the European Union against products imported by us from, or the loss of “normal trade relations” status with, the People’s Republic of China, could significantly increase our cost of products imported into the United States or Europe and harm our business. Additionally, the suspension of the operations of a third party manufacturer by government inspectors in China could result in delays to us in obtaining product and may harm sales.
 
We require our third-party manufacturers to comply with our Global Business Ethics Principles, which are designed to prevent products manufactured by or for us from being produced under inhumane or exploitive conditions. The Global Business Ethics Principles address a number of issues, including working hours and compensation, health and safety, and abuse and discrimination. In addition, Hasbro requires that our products supplied by third-party manufacturers be produced in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations, including consumer and product safety laws in the markets where those products are sold. Hasbro has the right, both directly and through the use of outside monitors, to monitor compliance by our third-party manufacturers with our Global Business Ethics Principles and other manufacturing requirements. In addition, we do quality assurance testing on our products, including products manufactured for us by third parties. Notwithstanding these requirements and our monitoring and testing of compliance with them, there is always a risk that one or more of our third-party manufacturers will not comply with our requirements and that we will not immediately discover such non-compliance. Any failure of our third-party manufacturers to comply with labor, consumer, product safety or other applicable requirements in manufacturing products for us could result in damage to our reputation, harm sales of our products and potentially create liability for us.


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Part of our strategy for remaining relevant to older children is to offer innovative children’s toy and game electronic products. The margins on many of these products are lower than more traditional toys and games and such products may have a shorter lifespan than more traditional toys and games. As a result, sales of children’s toy and game electronic products may lower our overall operating margins and produce more volatility in our business.
 
As children have grown “older younger” and have become interested in more and more sophisticated and adult products, such as videogames and consumer electronics, at younger and younger ages, we have needed to work even harder to keep our products relevant for these consumers. One initiative we have pursued to capture the interest of older children is to offer innovative children’s electronic toys and games. Examples of such products in the last few years include VIDEONOW, CHATNOW, ZOOMBOX, our I-branded products such as I-DOG and I-CAT, and our FURREAL FRIENDS line of products, including BUTTERSCOTCH, BISCUIT and KOTA. These products, if successful, can be an effective way for us to connect with consumers and increase sales. However, children’s electronics, in addition to the risks associated with our other family entertainment products, also face certain additional risks.
 
Our costs for designing, developing and producing electronic products tend to be higher than for many of our other more traditional products, such as board games and action figures. The ability to recoup these higher costs through sufficient sales quantities and to reflect higher costs in higher prices is constrained by heavy competition in consumer electronics and entertainment products, and can be further constrained by difficult economic conditions. As a consequence, our margins on the sales of electronic products tend to be lower than for more traditional products and we can face increased risk of not achieving sales sufficient to recover our costs. In addition, the pace of change in product offerings and consumer tastes in the electronics area is potentially even greater than for our other products. This pace of change means that the window in which a product can achieve and maintain consumer interest may be even shorter.
 
We rely on external financing, including our credit facilities and accounts receivable securitization facility, to help fund our operations. If we were unable to obtain or service such financing, or if the restrictions imposed by such financing were too burdensome, our business would be harmed.
 
Due to the seasonal nature of our business, in order to meet our working capital needs, particularly those in the third and fourth quarters, we rely on our revolving credit facility and our other credit facilities for working capital. We currently have a revolving credit agreement that expires in 2011, which provides for a $300,000 committed revolving credit facility which provides the Company the ability to request increases in the committed facility in additional increments of $50,000, subject to lender agreement, up to a total of $500,000. The credit agreement contains certain restrictive covenants setting forth leverage and coverage requirements, and certain other limitations typical of an investment grade facility. These restrictive covenants may limit our future actions, and financial, operating and strategic flexibility. In addition, our financial covenants were set at the time we entered into our credit facility. Our performance and financial condition may not meet our original expectations, causing us to fail to meet such financial covenants. Non-compliance with our debt covenants could result in us being unable to utilize borrowings under our revolving credit facility and other bank lines, a circumstance which potentially could occur when operating shortfalls would most require supplementary borrowings to enable us to continue to fund our operations.
 
As an additional source of working capital and liquidity, we currently have a $250,000 accounts receivable securitization program, which is increased to $300,000 for the period from fiscal October through fiscal January. Under this program, we sell on an ongoing basis, substantially all of our domestic U.S. dollar denominated trade accounts receivable to a bankruptcy remote special purpose entity. Under this facility, the special purpose entity is able to sell, on a revolving basis, undivided ownership interests in the eligible receivables to bank conduits. During the term of the facility, we must maintain certain performance ratios. If we fail to maintain these ratios, we could be prevented from accessing this cost-effective source of working capital and short-term financing.
 
We believe that our cash flow from operations, together with our cash on hand and access to existing credit facilities and our accounts receivable securitization facility, are adequate for current and planned needs


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in 2009. However, our actual experience may differ from these expectations. Factors that may lead to a difference include, but are not limited to, the matters discussed herein, as well as future events that might have the effect of reducing our available cash balance, such as unexpected material operating losses or increased capital or other expenditures, as well as increases in inventory or accounts receivable that are ineligible for sale under our securitization facility, or future events that may reduce or eliminate the availability of external financial resources.
 
Not only may our individual financial performance impact our ability to access sources of external financing, but significant disruptions to credit markets in general may also harm our ability to obtain financing. Although we believe the risk of nonperformance by the counterparties to our financial facilities is not significant, in times of severe economic downturn and/or distress in the credit markets, it is possible that one or more sources of external financing may be unable or unwilling to provide funding to us. In such a situation, it may be that we would be unable to access funding under our existing credit facilities, and it might not be possible to find alternative sources of funding.
 
We also may choose to finance our capital needs, from time to time, through the issuance of debt securities. Our ability to issue such securities on satisfactory terms, if at all, will depend on the state of our business and financial condition, any ratings issued by major credit rating agencies, market interest rates, and the overall condition of the financial and credit markets at the time of the offering. The condition of the credit markets and prevailing interest rates have fluctuated significantly in the past and are likely to fluctuate in the future. Variations in these factors could make it difficult for us to sell debt securities or require us to offer higher interest rates in order to sell new debt securities. The failure to receive financing on desirable terms, or at all, could damage our ability to support our future operations or capital needs or engage in other business activities.
 
As of December 28, 2008, we had $709,723 of total principal amount of indebtedness outstanding. If we are unable to generate sufficient available cash flow to service our outstanding debt we would need to refinance such debt or face default. There is no guarantee that we would be able to refinance debt on favorable terms, or at all. This total indebtedness includes $249,828 in aggregate principal amount of 2.75% senior convertible debentures that we issued in 2001. On December 1, 2011 and December 1, 2016, and upon the occurrence of certain fundamental corporate changes, holders of the 2.75% senior convertible debentures may require us to purchase their debentures. At that time, the purchase price may be paid in cash, shares of common stock or a combination of the two, at our discretion, provided that we will pay accrued and unpaid interest in cash. We may not have sufficient cash at that time to make the required repurchases and may be required to settle in shares of common stock.
 
As a manufacturer of consumer products and a large multinational corporation, we are subject to various government regulations and may be subject to additional regulations in the future, violation of which could subject us to sanctions or otherwise harm our business. In addition, we could be the subject of future product liability suits or product recalls, which could harm our business.
 
As a manufacturer of consumer products, we are subject to significant government regulations, including, in the United States, under The Consumer Products Safety Act, The Federal Hazardous Substances Act, and The Flammable Fabrics Act, as well as under product safety and consumer protection statutes in our international markets. In addition, certain of our products are subject to regulation by the Food and Drug Administration or similar international authorities. While we take all the steps we believe are necessary to comply with these acts, there can be no assurance that we will be in compliance in the future. Failure to comply could result in sanctions which could have a negative impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations. We may also be subject to involuntary product recalls or may voluntarily conduct a product recall. While costs associated with product recalls have generally not been material to our business, the costs associated with future product recalls individually and in the aggregate in any given fiscal year, could be significant. In addition, any product recall, regardless of direct costs of the recall, may harm consumer perceptions of our products and have a negative impact on our future revenues and results of operations.


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Governments and regulatory agencies in the markets where we manufacture and sell products may enact additional regulations relating to product safety and consumer protection in the future, and may also increase the penalties for failure to comply with product safety and consumer protection regulations. In addition, one or more of our customers might require changes in our products, such as the non-use of certain materials, in the future. Complying with any such additional regulations or requirements could impose increased costs on our business. Similarly, increased penalties for non-compliance could subject us to greater expense in the event any of our products were found to not comply with such regulations. Such increased costs or penalties could harm our business.
 
In addition to government regulation, products that have been or may be developed by us may expose us to potential liability from personal injury or property damage claims by the users of such products. There can be no assurance that a claim will not be brought against us in the future. Any successful claim could significantly harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
As a large, multinational corporation, we are subject to a host of governmental regulations throughout the world, including antitrust, customs and tax requirements, anti-boycott regulations and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Our failure to successfully comply with any such legal requirements could subject us to monetary liabilities and other sanctions that could harm our business and financial condition.
 
Our business is dependent on intellectual property rights and we may not be able to protect such rights successfully. In addition, we have a material amount of acquired product rights which, if impaired, would result in a reduction of our net earnings.
 
Our intellectual property, including our license agreements and other agreements that establish our ownership rights and maintain the confidentiality of our intellectual property, are of great value. We rely on a combination of trade secret, copyright, trademark, patent and other proprietary rights laws to protect our rights to valuable intellectual property related to our brands. From time to time, third parties have challenged, and may in the future try to challenge, our ownership of our intellectual property. In addition, our business is subject to the risk of third parties counterfeiting our products or infringing on our intellectual property rights. We may need to resort to litigation to protect our intellectual property rights, which could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources. Our failure to protect our intellectual property rights could harm our business and competitive position. Much of our intellectual property has been internally developed and has no carrying value on our balance sheet. However, as of December 28, 2008, we had $568,412 of acquired product and licensing rights included in other assets on our balance sheet. Declines in the profitability of the acquired brands or licensed products may impact our ability to recover the carrying value of the related assets and could result in an impairment charge. Reduction in our net earnings caused by impairment charges could harm our financial results.
 
We may not realize the anticipated benefits of future acquisitions or those benefits may be delayed or reduced in their realization.
 
Acquisitions have been a significant part of our historical growth and have enabled us to further broaden and diversify our product offerings. In making acquisitions, we target companies that we believe offer attractive family entertainment products or the ability for us to leverage our entertainment offerings. However, we cannot be certain that the products of companies we may acquire, or acquire an interest in, in the future will achieve or maintain popularity with consumers or that any such acquired companies will allow us to more effectively market our products. In some cases, we expect that the integration of the companies that we acquire into our operations will create production, marketing and other operating synergies which will produce greater revenue growth and profitability and, where applicable, cost savings, operating efficiencies and other advantages. However, we cannot be certain that these synergies, efficiencies and cost savings will be realized. Even if achieved, these benefits may be delayed or reduced in their realization. In other cases, we acquire companies that we believe have strong and creative management, in which case we plan to operate them more autonomously rather than fully integrating them into our operations. We cannot be certain that the key talented individuals at these companies will continue to work for us after the acquisition or that they will develop popular and profitable products or services in the future.


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From time to time, we are involved in litigation, arbitration or regulatory matters where the outcome is uncertain and which could entail significant expense.
 
As is the case with many large multinational corporations, we are subject from time to time to regulatory investigations, litigation and arbitration disputes. Because the outcome of litigation, arbitration and regulatory investigations is inherently difficult to predict, it is possible that the outcome of any of these matters could entail significant expense for us and harm our business. The fact that we operate in significant numbers of international markets also increases the risk that we may face legal and regulatory exposures as we attempt to comply with a large number of varying legal and regulatory requirements.
 
We have a material amount of goodwill which, if it becomes impaired, would result in a reduction in our net earnings.
 
Goodwill is the amount by which the cost of an acquisition exceeds the fair value of the net assets we acquire. Current accounting standards require that goodwill no longer be amortized but instead be periodically evaluated for impairment based on the fair value of the reporting unit. At December 28, 2008, approximately $474,497 or 15.0%, of our total assets represented goodwill. Declines in our profitability may impact the fair value of our reporting units, which could result in a write-down of our goodwill. Reductions in our net earnings caused by the write-down of goodwill could harm our results of operations.
 
Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments
 
None.
 
Item 2.    Properties
 
Hasbro owns its corporate headquarters in Pawtucket, Rhode Island consisting of approximately 343,000 square feet, which is used in the U.S. and Canada, Global Operations and Other segments as well as for corporate functions. The Company also owns an adjacent building consisting of approximately 23,000 square feet that is used in the corporate function. In addition, the Company leases a building in East Providence, Rhode Island consisting of approximately 120,000 square feet that is used in the corporate function as well as in the Global Operations and Other segments. In addition to the above facilities, the Company also leases office space consisting of approximately 95,400 square feet in Renton, Washington as well as warehouse space aggregating approximately 1,950,000 square feet in Georgia, California, Texas and Quebec that are also used in the U.S. and Canada segment.
 
The Company owns manufacturing plants in East Longmeadow, Massachusetts and Waterford, Ireland. The East Longmeadow plant consists of approximately 1,148,000 square feet and is used in the U.S. and Canada and Global Operations segments. The Waterford plant consists of approximately 244,000 square feet and is used in our Global Operations segment. The Global Operations segment also leases an aggregate of 95,300 square feet of office and warehouse space in Hong Kong used in this segment as well as approximately 52,300 square feet of office space leased in China.
 
In the International segment, the Company leases or owns property in over 25 countries. The primary locations in the International segment are in the United Kingdom, Mexico, Germany, France, Spain, and Australia, all of which are comprised of both office and warehouse space.
 
The above properties consist, in general, of brick, cinder block or concrete block buildings which the Company believes are in good condition and well maintained.
 
The Company believes that its facilities are adequate for its needs. The Company believes that should it not be able to renew any of the leases related to its leased facilities that it could secure similar substitute properties without a material adverse impact on its operations.


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Item 3.    Legal Proceedings
 
The Company has outstanding tax assessments from the Mexican tax authorities relating to the years 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2003. These tax assessments are based on transfer pricing issues between the Company’s subsidiaries with respect to the Company’s operations in Mexico. The Company has entered an Administrative Appeal contesting the 2000 and 2001 assessments and on June 3, 2008 the Company filed suit in the Federal Tribunal of Fiscal and Administrative Justice in Mexico challenging the 2002 assessment. The Company received the 2003 assessment in December of 2008, and plans to file suit in early 2009 challenging the 2003 assessment. The Company expects to be successful in sustaining its positions for all of these years. However, in order to challenge these outstanding tax assessments, as is usual and customary in Mexico in these matters, the Company was required to either make a deposit or post a bond in the full amount of the assessments. The Company elected to post a bond and accordingly, as of December 28, 2008, bonds totaling approximately $67.7 million (at year-end 2008 exchange rates) have been posted related to the 2000, 2001 and 2002 assessments. The Company will be required to either post a bond or pay a deposit of approximately $25.7 million (at year-end 2008 exchange rates) related to the 2003 assessment during the first quarter of 2009. These bonds guarantee the full amounts of the outstanding tax assessments in the event the Company is not successful in its challenge to them.
 
We are currently party to certain other legal proceedings, none of which we believe to be material to our business or financial condition.
 
Item 4.    Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
 
None.
 
Executive Officers of the Registrant
 
The following persons are the executive officers of the Company. Such executive officers are elected annually. The position(s) and office(s) listed below are the principal position(s) and office(s) held by such persons with the Company. The persons listed below generally also serve as officers and directors of certain of the Company’s various subsidiaries at the request and convenience of the Company.
 
                     
            Period
            Serving in
            Current
Name
 
Age
 
Position and Office Held
 
Position
 
Brian Goldner(1)
    45     President and Chief Executive Officer     Since 2008  
David D. R. Hargreaves(2)
    56     Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer     Since 2008  
John Frascotti(3)
    48     Global Chief Marketing Officer     Since 2008  
Duncan Billing(4)
    50     Global Chief Development Officer     Since 2008  
Barry Nagler(5)
    52     Chief Legal Officer and Secretary     Since 2008  
Deborah Thomas(6)
    45     Senior Vice President, Head of Corporate Finance     Since 2008  
Martin R. Trueb
    56     Senior Vice President and Treasurer     Since 1997  
 
 
(1) Prior thereto, Chief Operating Officer from 2006 to 2008; prior thereto, President, U.S. Toys Segment from 2003 to 2006; prior thereto, President, U.S. Toys, from 2001 to 2003.
 
(2) Prior thereto, Executive Vice President, Finance and Global Operations and Chief Financial Officer from 2007 to 2008; prior thereto, Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer from 2001 to 2007.
 
(3) Mr. Frascotti joined the Company in January 2008. Prior thereto he was employed by Reebok International, Ltd., serving as Senior Vice President, New Business, Acquisitions and Licensing from 2002 to 2005, and as Senior Vice President, Sports Division from 2005 to 2008.
 
(4) Prior thereto, Chief Marketing Officer, U.S. Toy Group since 2004; prior thereto, General Manager, Big Kids Division, since 2002.


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(5) Prior thereto, Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary since 2001.
 
(6) Prior thereto, Senior Vice President and Controller from 2003 to 2008; prior thereto, Vice President and Assistant Controller from 1998 to 2003.
 
PART II
 
Item 5.    Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
The Company’s common stock, par value $.50 per share (the “Common Stock”), is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “HAS”. The following table sets forth the high and low sales prices as reported on the Composite Tape of the New York Stock Exchange and the cash dividends declared per share of Common Stock for the periods listed.
 
                         
    Sales Prices     Cash Dividends
 
Period
  High     Low     Declared  
 
2008
                       
1st Quarter
  $ 29.07       21.57     $ 0.20  
2nd Quarter
    39.63       27.73       0.20  
3rd Quarter
    41.68       33.23       0.20  
4th Quarter
    35.81       21.94       0.20  
2007
                       
1st Quarter
  $ 30.24       27.04     $ 0.16  
2nd Quarter
    33.43       28.10       0.16  
3rd Quarter
    33.49       25.25       0.16  
4th Quarter
    30.68       25.25       0.16  
 
The approximate number of holders of record of the Company’s Common Stock as of February 9, 2009 was 9,288.
 
See Part III, Item 12 of this report for the information concerning the Company’s “Equity Compensation Plans”.
 
Dividends
 
Declaration of dividends is at the discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors and will depend upon the earnings and financial condition of the Company and such other factors as the Board of Directors deems appropriate.
 
Issuer Repurchases of Common Stock
 
In February 2008, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $500 million in common stock after three previous authorizations dated May 2005, July 2006 and August 2007 with a cumulative authorized repurchase amount of $1.2 billion were fully utilized. Purchases of the Company’s common stock may be made from time to time, subject to market conditions. These shares may be repurchased in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions. The Company has no obligation to repurchase shares under the authorization, and the timing, actual number and value of the shares that are repurchased will depend on a number of factors, including the price of the Company’s stock. The Company may suspend or discontinue the program at any time and there is no expiration date.
 
There were no repurchases made by the Company in the fourth quarter. At December 28, 2008, $252,364,317 remained available under the above authorization.


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Item 6.    Selected Financial Data
 
(Thousands of dollars and shares except per share data and ratios)
 
                                         
    Fiscal Year  
    2008     2007     2006     2005     2004  
 
Statement of Operations Data:
                                       
Net revenues
  $ 4,021,520       3,837,557       3,151,481       3,087,627       2,997,510  
Net earnings
  $ 306,766       333,003       230,055       212,075       195,977  
Per Common Share Data:
                                       
Net Earnings
                                       
Basic
  $ 2.18       2.13       1.38       1.19       1.11  
Diluted
  $ 2.00       1.97       1.29       1.09       0.96  
Cash dividends declared
  $ 0.80       0.64       0.48       0.36       0.24  
Balance Sheet Data:
                                       
Total assets
  $ 3,168,797       3,237,063       3,096,905       3,301,143       3,240,660  
Total long-term debt
  $ 709,723       845,071       494,917       528,389       626,822  
Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges(1)
    8.15       10.86       9.74       8.33       6.93  
Weighted Average Number of Common Shares:
                                       
Basic
    140,877       156,054       167,100       178,303       176,540  
Diluted
    155,230       171,205       181,043       197,436       196,048  
 
 
(1) For purposes of calculating the ratio of earnings to fixed charges, fixed charges include interest expense and one-third of rentals; earnings available for fixed charges represent earnings before fixed charges and income taxes.
 
See “Forward-Looking Information and Risk Factors That May Affect Future Results” contained in Item 1A of this report for a discussion of risks and uncertainties that may affect future results. Also see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in Item 7 of this report for a discussion of factors affecting the comparability of information contained in this Item 6.


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Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company included in Part II Item 8 of this document.
 
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains forward-looking statements concerning the Company’s expectations and beliefs. See Item 1A “Forward-Looking Information and Risk Factors That May Affect Future Results” for a discussion of other uncertainties, risks and assumptions associated with these statements.
 
Unless otherwise specifically indicated, all dollar or share amounts herein are expressed in thousands of dollars or shares, except for per share amounts.
 
Executive Summary
 
The Company earns revenue and generates cash through the sale of a variety of toy and game products, as well as through the out-licensing of rights for use of its properties in connection with non-competing products, including digital games, offered by third parties. The Company sells its products both within the United States and in a number of international markets. The Company’s business is highly seasonal with a significant amount of revenues occurring in the second half of the year. In 2008, 2007 and 2006, the second half of the year accounted for 63%, 66% and 68% of the Company’s net revenues, respectively. While many of the Company’s products are based on brands the Company owns or controls, the Company also offers products which are licensed from outside inventors. In addition, the Company licenses rights to produce products based on movie, television, music and other entertainment properties, such as MARVEL and STAR WARS properties.
 
The Company’s business is primarily separated into two business segments, U.S. and Canada and International. The U.S. and Canada segment develops, markets and sells both toy and game products in the U.S. and Canada. The International segment consists of the Company’s European, Asia Pacific and Latin and South American marketing operations, including Mexico. In addition to these two primary segments, the Company’s world-wide manufacturing and product sourcing operations are managed through its Global Operations segment. The Company’s Other segment is responsible for the worldwide out-licensing of the Company’s intellectual properties and works closely with the U.S. and Canada and International segments on the development and out-licensing of the Company’s brands. Prior to 2008, the Company’s Mexican operations were included with the U.S. and Canada in the North American segment. At the beginning of 2008 the Company reorganized the management and reporting structure of its operating segments and moved the Mexican operations into the International segment and the North American segment was renamed the U.S. and Canada segment. The management reorganization was the result of a realignment of the Company’s commercial markets and reflects its objective to leverage its Mexican operations in connection with its growth strategy in Latin and South America.
 
The Company seeks to make its brands relevant in all areas important to its consumers. Brand awareness is amplified through immersive traditional play, digital applications, publishing and lifestyle licensing experiences presented for the consumers’ enjoyment. The Company’s focus remains on growing core owned and controlled brands, developing new and innovative products which respond to market insights and optimizing efficiencies within the Company to reduce costs, increase operating profits and strengthen its balance sheet. The Company’s core brands represent Company-owned or Company-controlled brands, such as TRANSFORMERS, MY LITTLE PONY, LITTLEST PET SHOP, MONOPOLY, MAGIC: THE GATHERING, PLAYSKOOL, G.I. JOE, NERF and TONKA, which have been successful over the long term. The Company has a large portfolio of owned and controlled brands, which can be introduced in new formats and platforms over time. These brands may also be further extended by pairing a licensed concept with a core brand. By focusing on core brands, the Company is working to build a more consistent revenue stream and basis for future growth. During 2008 the Company had strong sales of core brand products, namely LITTLEST PET SHOP, TRANSFORMERS, PLAYSKOOL, MONOPOLY, NERF, MY LITTLE PONY, FURREAL FRIENDS and PLAY-DOH. This strategy of reimagining, reinventing and reigniting its brands has proved instrumental to achieving its overall growth objectives.


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The Company also seeks to drive product-related revenues by increasing the visibility of its core brands through entertainment. As an example of this, in July of 2007, the TRANSFORMERS motion picture was released and the Company developed and marketed products based on the motion picture. As a result of pairing this core brand with this type of entertainment, both the movie and the product line benefited. The Company expects to continue this strategy and anticipates the theatrical releases of both TRANSFORMERS: REVENGE OF THE FALLEN and G.I. JOE: RISE OF COBRA motion pictures during 2009. In addition, the Company has entered into a six-year strategic relationship with Universal Pictures to produce at least four motion pictures based on certain of Hasbro’s core brands. The first movie is expected to be released in 2010 or 2011, followed by anticipated releases of at least one movie per year thereafter.
 
While the Company believes it has achieved a more sustainable revenue base by developing and maintaining its core brands and avoiding reliance on licensed entertainment properties, it continues to opportunistically enter into or leverage existing strategic licenses which complement its brands and key strengths. In 2008 and 2007, the Company had significant sales of products related to the Company’s license with Marvel Characters B.V. (“Marvel”), primarily due to the theatrical releases of IRON MAN in May 2008, THE INCREDIBLE HULK in June 2008 and SPIDERMAN-3 in May 2007. In addition, the Company had significant sales in 2008 of products related to the movie release of STAR WARS: CLONE WARS in August 2008 as well as sales from the movie release of INDIANA JONES AND THE KINGDOM OF THE CRYSTAL SKULL in May 2008. During 2009 the Company expects to continue to have a high level of revenues from entertainment-based licensed properties based on the expected major motion picture release of X-MEN ORIGINS: WOLVERINE as well as products related to television programming based on SPIDER-MAN and STAR WARS.
 
While gross profits of theatrical entertainment-based products are generally higher than many of the Company’s other products, sales from these products including our owned or controlled brands based on a movie release also incur royalty expense. Such royalties reduce the impact of these higher gross margins. In certain instances, such as with Lucasfilm’s STAR WARS, the Company may also incur amortization expense on property right-based assets acquired from the licensor of such properties, further impacting profits earned on these products.
 
The Company’s long-term strategy also focuses on extending its brands further into the digital world. As part of this strategy, the Company entered into a multi-year strategic agreement with Electronic Arts Inc. (“EA”). The agreement gives EA the exclusive worldwide rights, subject to existing limitations on the Company’s rights and certain other exclusions, to create digital games for all platforms, such as mobile phones, gaming consoles and personal computers, based on a broad spectrum of the Company’s intellectual properties, including MONOPOLY, SCRABBLE, YAHTZEE, NERF, TONKA, G.I. JOE and LITTLEST PET SHOP. The first major game releases under this agreement were released in 2008, with a full line expected in 2009.
 
While the Company remains committed to investing in the growth of its business, it also continues to be focused on reducing fixed costs through efficiencies and on profit improvement. Over the last 6 years the Company has improved its full year operating margin from 7.8% in 2002 to 12.3% in 2008. The Company reviews it operations on an ongoing basis and seeks to reduce its cost structure and promote efficiency. The Company is also investing to grow its business in emerging markets. In 2008, the Company expanded its operations in China, Brazil, Russia, Korea and the Czech Republic. In addition, the Company is seeking to grow its business in entertainment, digital gaming, and will continue to evaluate strategic alliances and acquisitions which may complement its current product offerings or allow it entry into an area which is adjacent to and complementary to the toy and game business. For example, in January of 2008, the Company acquired Cranium, Inc., a developer and marketer of CRANIUM branded games and related products. In the second quarter of 2008, the Company acquired the rights to TRIVIAL PURSUIT, a brand which the Company had previously licensed on a long-term basis. Ownership of the rights will allow the Company to further leverage the brand in different media.
 
In recent years, the Company has been seeking to return excess cash to its shareholders through share repurchases and dividends. As part of this initiative, over the last four years, the Company’s Board of Directors


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(the “Board”) has adopted four share repurchase authorizations with a cumulative authorized repurchase amount of $1,700,000. After fully exhausting the prior three authorizations, the fourth authorization was approved on February 7, 2008 for $500,000. For the years ended 2008, 2007 and 2006, the Company spent $357,589, $587,004 and $456,744, respectively, to repurchase 11,736, 20,795 and 22,767 shares, respectively, in the open market. Also in 2007, the Company paid $200,000 in cash to repurchase exercisable warrants for 15,750 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company intends to, at its discretion, opportunistically repurchase shares in the future subject to market conditions. At December 28, 2008, the Company had $252,364 remaining under the February 2008 authorization.
 
After a very strong first nine months of 2008, the Company was negatively impacted during the fourth quarter of 2008 by both the strengthening of the U.S. dollar relative to foreign currencies as well as the broad based economic downturn that was experienced in most of the markets in which it operates. The Company worked with its retail customers to put certain promotional programs in place with the goal of both driving sales as well as managing inventory at retail given the weakening demand. Despite the impact of the economic conditions, the Company grew revenue in both the fourth quarter and for the full year absent the impact of foreign exchange rate changes in 2008.
 
Recent issues in the credit markets have not materially impacted the Company’s liquidity. As of December 28, 2008 the Company had $630,390 in cash and had available capacity, if needed, under its revolving credit agreement. The Company believes that the funds available to it, including cash expected to be generated from operations and funds available through its available lines of credit and accounts receivable securitization program are adequate to meet its working capital needs for 2009.
 
Summary
 
The components of the results of operations, stated as a percent of net revenues, are illustrated below for each of the three fiscal years ended December 28, 2008.
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Net revenues
    100.0 %     100.0 %     100.0 %
Cost of sales
    42.1       41.1       41.4  
                         
Gross profit
    57.9       58.9       58.6  
Amortization
    1.9       1.8       2.5  
Royalties
    7.8       8.2       5.4  
Research and product development
    4.8       4.4       5.4  
Advertising
    11.3       11.3       11.7  
Selling, distribution and administration
    19.8       19.7       21.7  
                         
Operating profit
    12.3       13.5       11.9  
Interest expense
    1.2       0.9       0.9  
Interest income
    (0.5 )     (0.8 )     (0.9 )
Other (income) expense, net
    0.6       1.4       1.1  
                         
Earnings before income taxes
    11.0       12.0       10.8  
Income taxes
    3.4       3.3       3.5  
                         
Net earnings
    7.6 %     8.7 %     7.3 %
                         
 
Results of Operations
 
The fiscal years ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 were fifty-two week periods while the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006 was a fifty-three week period.


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Net earnings for the fiscal year ended December 28, 2008 were $306,766, or $2.00 per diluted share. This compares to net earnings for fiscal 2007 and 2006 of $333,003 and $230,055, or $1.97 and $1.29 per diluted share, respectively.
 
Net earnings includes non-operating expense related to the change in fair value of certain warrants required to be classified as a liability of $44,370 in 2007 and $31,770 in 2006. These warrants were repurchased during May 2007. Net earnings for 2007 also includes a favorable tax adjustment of $29,619, or $0.17 per diluted share, related to the recognition of certain previously unrecognized tax benefits.
 
In January 2008 the Company acquired Cranium, Inc. (“Cranium”). The results of operations for 2008 include the operations of Cranium from the acquisition closing date of January 25, 2008.
 
Consolidated net revenues for the year ended December 28, 2008 were $4,021,520 compared to $3,837,557 in 2007 and $3,151,481 in 2006. Most of the Company’s net revenues and operating profits were derived from its two principal segments: the U.S. and Canada segment and the International segment, which are discussed in detail below. Consolidated net revenues in 2008 were negatively impacted by foreign currency translation of approximately $10,300 as a result of the stronger U.S. dollar in 2008 as compared to 2007 while consolidated net revenues in 2007 were positively impacted by foreign currency translation in the amount of $94,500 as a result of the overall weaker U.S. dollar in that year.
 
The following table presents net revenues and operating profit data for the Company’s two principal segments for 2008, 2007 and 2006. Results for 2007 and 2006 have been reclassified to conform to the Company’s 2008 operating segment structure.
 
                                         
          %
          %
       
    2008     Change     2007     Change     2006  
 
Net Revenues
                                       
U.S. and Canada
  $ 2,406,745       5 %   $ 2,293,742       15 %   $ 1,997,141  
International
  $ 1,499,334       4 %   $ 1,444,863       32 %   $ 1,092,468  
Operating Profit
                                       
U.S. and Canada
  $ 283,152       (2 )%   $ 287,800       13 %   $ 254,502  
International
  $ 165,186       (13 )%   $ 189,783       69 %   $ 112,350  
 
U.S. and Canada
 
U.S. and Canada segment net revenues for the year ended December 28, 2008 increased 5% to $2,406,745 from $2,293,742 in 2007. The impact of foreign currency translation on U.S. and Canada segment net revenues in 2008 was unfavorable and decreased net revenues by approximately $3,100. The increase in net revenues in 2008 was primarily due to higher revenues in the boys’ toys category, driven by increased sales of STAR WARS products and sales of INDIANA JONES products. Although revenues from TRANSFORMERS and MARVEL products decreased in 2008 compared to 2007, as a result of the significant sales recognized in the prior year due to the theatrical releases of TRANSFORMERS in July 2007 and SPIDER-MAN 3 in May 2007, these lines remained significant contributors to U.S. and Canada segment net revenues in 2008. The increase in segment net revenues for 2008 was also due to increased revenues in the games and puzzles category as a result of increased sales of DUEL MASTERS and TRIVIAL PURSUIT games and the impact of the acquisition of Cranium, partially offset by decreased revenues from plug and play games. Revenues from the tweens category also increased as a result of higher sales of NERF products, partially offset by decreased sales of POWER TOUR GUITAR, which is no longer in the Company’s product line, as well as lower sales of I-DOG. Revenues from the preschool category increased slightly as higher sales of PLAYSKOOL products were partially offset by decreased sales of TONKA products. Revenues from the girls’ toys category increased slightly primarily as a result of of the reintroduction of EASY-BAKE oven, partly offset by decreased revenues from MY LITTLE PONY, FURREAL FRIENDS, and LITTLEST PET SHOP. Although revenues from LITTLEST PET SHOP decreased slightly in 2008, sales of these products remained a significant contributor to U.S. and Canada segment net revenues in 2008. Revenues in 2008 were also negatively impacted by decreased sales of TOOTH TUNES.


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U.S. and Canada operating profit decreased to $283,152 in 2008 from $287,800 in 2007. Operating profit in 2008 was negatively impacted by approximately $1,100 due to the translation of foreign currencies to the U.S. dollar. U.S. and Canada segment gross profits increased in dollars but decreased as a percentage of net revenues in 2008 primarily as a result of the increased promotional programs implemented by the Company in the fourth quarter of 2008, including the provision of sales allowances and markdowns, to address the weak retail environment. The increase in gross profit in dollars was more than offset by increased product development and sales and marketing expenses related to investments the Company is making in both core brands and its digital initiative related to its Wizards of the Coast subsidiary; increased amortization as a result of the acquisition of Cranium and the purchase of intellectual property rights related to TRIVIAL PURSUIT; increased royalty expense; and increased shipping and distribution costs, reflecting higher sales volume and higher transportation costs.
 
U.S. and Canada segment net revenues for the year ended December 30, 2007 increased 15% to $2,293,742 from $1,997,141 in 2006. The impact of foreign currency translation on U.S. and Canada segment net revenues in 2007 was favorable, due to the strength of the Canadian dollar, and increased net revenues by approximately $4,500. The increase was due primarily to increased revenues in the boys’ toys category driven by sales of MARVEL and TRANSFORMERS products due to the theatrical releases of SPIDER-MAN 3 in May 2007 and TRANSFORMERS in July 2007. Although STAR WARS product sales declined in 2007 from 2006, sales of these products were a significant contributor to boys’ toys revenues in 2007. Revenues in the girls’ toys category increased as a result of higher sales of LITTLEST PET SHOP and FURREAL FRIENDS products as well as higher revenues from the BABY ALIVE line which was reintroduced in the second quarter of 2006. To a lesser extent, revenues in the girls’ toys category were positively impacted by increased shipments of MY LITTLE PONY products. Girls’ toys revenues were negatively impacted by decreased sales of EASY-BAKE oven products due to the recall of the product in July of 2007. Revenues from the preschool category decreased slightly in 2007. Revenue from games and puzzles decreased slightly due to lower revenues from trading card and plug and play games partially offset by increased sales of traditional board games. Revenues from the tweens category decreased as a result of lower sales of electronic products such as VIDEONOW, ZOOMBOX and I-DOG partially offset by increased sales of NERF products. Revenues in 2007 were also positively impacted by increased sales of TOOTH TUNES.
 
U.S. and Canada operating profit increased to $287,800 in 2007 from $254,502 in 2006. Operating profit in 2007 was positively impacted by approximately $1,300 due to the translation of foreign currencies to the U.S. dollar. The increase in operating profit was primarily the result of higher gross profits resulting from the higher revenues discussed above. Although U.S. and Canada gross profit increased as a result of higher revenues, this increase in gross profit was negatively impacted by approximately $10,400 of charges recorded in the second quarter of 2007 related to the July 2007 EASY-BAKE oven recall. The increase in gross profit was also partially offset by higher royalty expense as the result of the increased sales of MARVEL and TRANSFORMERS movie-related products. Operating profit was also negatively impacted by higher advertising expense as well as higher selling and distribution costs related to the increased sales volume. In addition, U.S. and Canada operating profit included increased investment spending in an online initiative of the Company’s Wizards of the Coast operation.
 
International
 
International segment net revenues for the year ended December 28, 2008 increased by 4% to $1,499,334 from $1,444,863 in 2007. In 2008 net revenues were negatively impacted by currency translation of approximately $7,400 as a result of a stronger U.S. dollar. The increase in net revenues was primarily the result of increased product sales in the girls’ toys and preschool categories primarily relating to LITTLEST PET SHOP in the girls’ toys category and PLAYSKOOL, which includes IN THE NIGHT GARDEN products, in the preschool category. Net revenues in the games and puzzles category decreased primarily as a result of decreased revenues from MAGIC: THE GATHERING product, TRIVIAL PURSUIT products and MONOPOLY products. Net revenues in the boys’ toys category decreased primarily as a result of decreased sales of MARVEL and TRANSFORMERS products, however, both product lines continued to be significant contributors to International segment net revenues in 2008. Decreased net revenues in the boys’ toys category were


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partially offset by increased sales of STAR WARS and sales of INDIANA JONES products. Net revenues in the tweens category decreased primarily as a result of decreased revenues from POWER TOUR GUITAR, which is no longer in the Company’s product line, and I-DOG, partially offset by increased sales of NERF products.
 
International segment operating profit decreased 13% to $165,186 in 2008 from $189,783 in 2007. Operating profit for the International segment in 2008 was negatively impacted by approximately $4,400 due to the translation of foreign currencies to the U.S. dollar. The decrease in International segment operating profit also reflects promotional programs implemented by the Company in the fourth quarter of 2008 in response to weakened retail conditions; increased advertising expense; and increased investments in emerging markets; partially offset by lower royalty expense as a result of lower sales of entertainment-based products. In addition, International segment operating profit in 2008 was positively impacted by the recognition of a pension surplus in the United Kingdom.
 
International segment net revenues for the year ended December 30, 2007 increased by 32% to $1,444,863 from $1,092,468 in 2006. In 2007, net revenues were positively impacted by currency translation of approximately $88,800 as a result of a weaker U.S. dollar. The increase in net revenues was primarily the result of increased net revenues in the boys’ toys category. As in the U.S. and Canada segment, this increase was driven by higher sales of TRANSFORMERS products resulting from the theatrical release of the TRANSFORMERS movie in most countries in July of 2007 and MARVEL products resulting from the theatrical release of SPIDER-MAN 3 in May of 2007. Increased revenues in the girls’ toys category were principally the result of increased sales of LITTLEST PET SHOP products, and to a lesser extent, MY LITTLE PONY and BABY ALIVE products. Revenues in the preschool category were higher in 2007 based on increased sales of PLAYSKOOL products, partially due to strong revenues of IN THE NIGHT GARDEN in the United Kingdom. Revenues in the games and puzzles category increased primarily due to increased sales of MONOPOLY. Revenues from the tweens category increased primarily as a result of sales of the POWER TOUR GUITAR which was introduced in 2007.
 
International segment operating profit increased 69% to $189,783 in 2007 from $112,350 in 2006. Operating profit for the segment in 2007 was positively impacted by approximately $10,600 due to the translation of foreign currencies to the U.S. dollar. The remaining increase in operating profit was due to the higher revenues discussed above. The increased gross profit as a result of the higher revenues was partially offset by higher royalty expense due to higher sales of MARVEL and TRANSFORMERS products as well as higher advertising and selling, distribution and administration expenses.
 
Gross Profit
 
The Company’s gross profit margin decreased to 57.9% for the year ended December 28, 2008 from 58.9% in 2007. The decrease is primarily due to incremental promotional programs, including sales allowances and markdowns, implemented in the fourth quarter of 2008 as a result of the weak retail environment, as well as changes in product mix. Decreases in gross profit as the result of input cost inflation were partially offset by cost savings initiatives and an increase in pricing of certain of the Company’s products. The Company currently does not expect to have similar incremental promotional programs in 2009.
 
The Company’s gross profit margin increased to 58.9% for the year ended December 30, 2007 from 58.6% in 2006. This increase was due to changes in product mix, primarily the positive impact of higher sales of licensed products. Although licensed products generally carry a higher gross margin, the increased gross margin was largely offset by higher royalty expense associated with these products. Gross profit in 2007 was also negatively impacted by approximately $10,400 in charges related to the recall of the Company’s EASY-BAKE oven product and by a charge of approximately $10,000 related to a restructuring and related reduction in work force at the Company’s manufacturing facility in East Longmeadow, Massachusetts. This charge consisted primarily of severance costs.


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Expenses
 
The Company’s operating expenses, stated as percentages of net revenues, are illustrated below for the three fiscal years ended December 28, 2008:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Amortization
    1.9 %     1.8 %     2.5 %
Royalties
    7.8       8.2       5.4  
Research and product development
    4.8       4.4       5.4  
Advertising
    11.3       11.3       11.7  
Selling, distribution and administration
    19.8       19.7       21.7  
 
Amortization expense increased to $78,265 or 1.9% of net revenues in 2008 compared to $67,716 or 1.8% of net revenues in 2007. The increase is primarily the result of the acquisition of Cranium, Inc. in January 2008 and the purchase of the intellectual property rights related to TRIVIAL PURSUIT in the second quarter of 2008. Property rights of $68,500 and $80,800 were recorded as a result of the Cranium, Inc. acquisition and the purchase of TRIVIAL PURSUIT, respectively, and are each being amortized over fifteen years. Amortization expense decreased to $67,716 in 2007 from $78,934 in 2006. A portion of amortization expense relates to licensing rights and is based on expected sales of products related to those licensing rights. The decrease in amortization expense in 2007 primarily related to decreased amortization of the product rights related to STAR WARS.
 
Royalty expense decreased to $312,986 or 7.8% of net revenues in 2008 compared to $316,807 or 8.2% of net revenues in 2007. The decrease in royalty expense is primarily the result of the impact of foreign exchange. Absent this foreign exchange impact, royalty expense decreased slightly as the result of slightly lower sales of entertainment-based products. Royalty expense increased to $316,807 or 8.2% of net revenues in 2007 compared to $169,731 or 5.4% of net revenues in 2006. This increase was primarily due to increased sales of entertainment-based products, primarily MARVEL and TRANSFORMERS movie-related products due to the theatrical releases of SPIDER-MAN 3 and TRANSFORMERS in 2007.
 
Research and product development expense increased in 2008 to $191,424 or 4.8% of net revenues from $167,194 or 4.4% of net revenues in 2007. The increase in 2008 reflects higher investments in the Company’s core brands, increased expenditures relating to the Company’s digital initiatives, as well as additional expenses as a result of the Company’s Cranium acquisition. Research and product development expense decreased in 2007 to $167,194 or 4.4% of net revenues from $171,358 or 5.4% of net revenues in 2006. This decrease reflected higher investments in the prior year, primarily as a result of increased expenditures related to the introduction of the MARVEL product lines in late 2006 and early 2007.
 
Advertising expense increased in dollars to $454,612 in 2008 from $434,742 in 2007, but remained flat as a percentage of net revenues at 11.3%. The increase in dollars is primarily the result of higher spending to increase awareness of the Company’s brands. Advertising expense increased in dollars to $434,742 in 2007 from $368,996 in 2006, but decreased as a percentage of revenues to 11.3% from 11.7% in 2006. The decrease as a percentage of revenues primarily related to the mix of sales in 2007, which included increased sales of entertainment-based products, which require lower amounts of advertising and promotion. Revenues from properties related to major motion picture releases were higher in 2008 and 2007 as compared to 2006.
 
Selling, distribution and administration expenses increased to $797,209 or 19.8% of net revenues in 2008, compared to $755,127 or 19.7% of net revenues in 2007. The increase reflects increased sales and marketing expenses to support the growth in the business; increased investment in the expansion into emerging markets, including Brazil, China, Russia, the Czech Republic and Korea; increased investment in the Company’s digital and entertainment strategies; and increased shipping and distribution costs associated with both increased sales volume and higher transportation costs. Selling, distribution and administration expenses increased in dollars to $755,127 in 2007 from $682,214 in 2006 but decreased as a percentage of revenues to 19.7% from 21.7% in 2006. The increase in dollars reflected higher variable selling and distribution costs resulting from higher revenues in 2007, as well as higher incentive compensation provisions, the impact of foreign currency, and


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general inflationary increases. The decrease as a percentage of revenues in 2008 and 2007 compared to 2006 reflects the fixed nature of certain of these expenses, coupled with the higher revenues in each of those years.
 
Interest Expense
 
Interest expense increased to $47,143 in 2008 from $34,618 in 2007. The increase in interest expense was primarily the result of higher average borrowings in 2008 primarily as a result of the issuance of $350,000 of notes in September 2007, partially offset by the repayment of $135,092 of notes in July 2008. The increase in the average borrowing rate for 2008 from the issuance of long-term debt in 2007 was more than offset by decreases in the average borrowing rate on short-term debt in 2008 as well as the repayment of 6.15% notes in July 2008.
 
Interest expense increased to $34,618 in 2007 from $27,521 in 2006. The increase in interest expense was due to higher average borrowings in 2007 primarily resulting from the issuance of $350,000 of notes in September 2007. The majority of the proceeds from the issuance of these notes were used to repay short-term debt resulting from increased repurchases of common stock as well as the repurchase of the Lucas warrants for $200,000.
 
Interest Income
 
Interest income was $17,654 in 2008 compared to $29,973 in 2007 and $27,609 in 2006. The decrease in interest income in 2008 from 2007 is primarily the result of lower returns on invested cash. Interest income in 2006 includes $5,200 related to a long-term deposit that was refunded during 2006. The increase in interest income in 2007 from 2006 primarily reflected higher average rates of return in 2007 compared to 2006, and, to a lesser extent, higher average invested balances in 2007. During a portion of 2007 and 2006, the Company invested excess cash in auction rate securities, which generated a higher rate of return and contributed to the higher level of interest income in 2007 and 2006.
 
Other (Income) Expense, Net
 
Other (income) expense, net of $23,752 in 2008 compares to $52,323 in 2007 and $34,977 in 2006. In 2007 and 2006 the major component of other (income) expense was non-cash expense related to the change in fair value of the Lucas warrants, which were required to be classified as a liability. These warrants were required to be adjusted to their fair value each quarter through earnings. In May 2007, the Company exercised the call option on these warrants and repurchased them for $200,000 in cash, which approximated fair value at that date. As these warrants were repurchased in 2007, there was no fair value adjustment in 2008. For 2007 and 2006, expense related to the change in fair value of these warrants was $44,370 and $31,770, respectively. Absent the impact of the fair value adjustments, increased expense in 2008 primarily relates to increased foreign exchange losses arising from the impact of the large downward movement in foreign exchange rates, primarily in the fourth quarter of 2008, on non-U.S. denominated intercompany balances.
 
Income Taxes
 
Income tax expense totaled 30.4% of pretax earnings in 2008 compared with 28.0% in 2007 and 32.6% in 2006. Income tax expense for 2008 is net of a tax benefit of approximately $10,200 related to discrete tax events, primarily comprised of a benefit from the repatriation of certain foreign earnings, as well as the settlement of various tax examinations in multiple jurisdictions. Income tax expense for 2007 was net of a benefit of $29,999 related to discrete tax events, primarily relating to the recognition of previously unrecognized tax benefits. Income tax expense for 2006 includes a charge of approximately $7,800 related to discrete tax events, primarily relating to the settlement of various tax examinations in multiple jurisdictions. Absent these items, potential interest and penalties recorded in 2008 and 2007 related to uncertain tax positions, and the effect of the fair value adjustment of the Lucas warrants, which had no tax effect in 2007 and 2006, the 2008 effective tax rate would have been 32.8% compared to 30.5% in 2007 and 27.6% in 2006. The increase in the adjusted rate to 32.8% in 2008 compared to 30.5% in 2007 primarily reflects the change in the mix of where the Company earned its profits. The increase in the adjusted rate to 30.5% in 2007 from


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27.6% in 2006 primarily reflects the decision to provide for the repatriation of a portion of 2007 international earnings to the U.S.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
The Company has historically generated a significant amount of cash from operations. In 2008, the Company funded its operations and liquidity needs primarily through cash flows from operations, and, when needed, using borrowings under its available lines of credit and proceeds from its accounts receivable securitization program. During 2009, the Company expects to continue to fund its working capital needs primarily through cash flows from operations and, when needed, using borrowings under its available lines of credit and proceeds from its accounts receivable securitization program. The Company believes that the funds available to it, including cash expected to be generated from operations and funds available through its available lines of credit and accounts receivable securitization program are adequate to meet its working capital needs for 2009, however, unexpected events or circumstances such as material operating losses or increased capital or other expenditures may reduce or eliminate the availability of external financial resources. In addition, significant disruptions to credit markets may also reduce or eliminate the availability of external financial resources. Although we believe the risk of nonperformance by the counterparties to our financial facilities is not significant, in times of severe economic downturn in the credit markets it is possible that one or more sources of external financing may be unable or unwilling to provide funding to us.
 
At December 28, 2008, cash and cash equivalents, net of short-term borrowings were $622,804 compared to $764,257 and $704,818 at December 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively. Hasbro generated $593,185, $601,794, and $320,647 of cash from its operating activities in 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively. In 2007 and 2006 operating cash flows were impacted by royalty advances paid of $70,000 and $105,000 related to MARVEL in those respective years. In addition, 2007 and 2006 net earnings included non-cash expense of $44,370 and $31,770, respectively, related to the fair value adjustment related to the Lucas warrants that were repurchased in May of 2007. The remaining decrease in 2008 operating cash flows was due to decreased net earnings in 2008 compared to 2007. The higher cash flows from operations in 2007 compared to 2006 were primarily the result of increased earnings as well as the mix of products in 2007 net revenues.
 
Accounts receivable decreased to $611,766 at December 28, 2008 from $654,789 at December 30, 2007. The accounts receivable balance at December 28, 2008 includes a decrease of approximately $61,100 as a result of the stronger U.S. dollar in 2008. Absent the impact of foreign exchange, accounts receivable increased slightly. Accounts receivable increased to $654,789 at December 30, 2007 from $556,287 at December 31, 2006. The increase in accounts receivable was primarily the result of higher sales volume in 2007. The December 30, 2007 accounts receivable balance includes an increase of approximately $31,100 related to the currency impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Fourth quarter days sales outstanding remained consistent at 45 days in 2008, 2007 and 2006. The Company has a revolving accounts receivable securitization facility whereby the Company is able to sell undivided fractional ownership interests in qualifying accounts receivable on an ongoing basis. At December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, there was $250,000 sold at each period-end under this program.
 
Inventories increased to $300,463 at December 28, 2008 from $259,081 at December 30, 2007. The increase relates to lower revenues in the fourth quarter of 2008 as a result of the weak retail environment and, to a lesser extent, the Company’s expansion into emerging markets. The December 28, 2008 inventory balance includes a decrease of approximately $20,900 as a result of the currency impact of the stronger U.S. dollar in 2008. The increase in inventory to $259,081 at December 30, 2007 from $203,337 at December 31, 2006 reflected the growth of the Company’s business in 2007. In addition, inventories increased approximately $9,400 due to the weaker U.S. dollar in 2007.
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets decreased to $171,387 at December 28, 2008 from $199,912 at December 30, 2007. This decrease is primarily due to utilization of a portion of the Marvel and the remainder of the Lucas prepaid royalty advances. Generally, when the Company enters into a licensing agreement for entertainment-based properties, an advance royalty payment is required at the inception of the agreement. This payment is then recognized in the consolidated statement of operations as the related sales are made. At


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December 28, 2008, the Company had prepaid royalties related to the Marvel license in both current and non-current assets. Each reporting period, the Company reflects as current prepaid expense the amount of royalties it expects to reflect in the statement of operations in the upcoming twelve months. The decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets in 2008 was partially offset by an increase in the value of the Company’s foreign currency contracts as a result of the strengthening of the U.S. dollar. Prepaid expenses and other current assets decreased to $199,912 at December 30, 2007 from $243,291 at December 31, 2006. This decrease was primarily due to utilization of Marvel and Lucas royalty advances, as well as a decrease in deferred tax assets.
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses increased to $792,306 at December 28, 2008 from $742,122 at December 30, 2007. The increase was primarily the result of increased accrued royalties as a result of the utilization of the remainder of the Lucas prepaid royalty advance in the third quarter of 2008 as well as increased accrued pension primarily due to decreases in the Plans’ asset values in 2008. The December 28, 2008 accounts payable and accrued expenses balance includes a decrease of approximately $64,300 as a result of the currency impact of the stronger U.S. dollar in 2008 compared to 2007. Accounts payable and accrued expenses decreased to $742,122 at December 30, 2007 from $895,311 at December 31, 2006. The decrease was primarily due to the Company’s exercise of its call option related to warrants required to be classified as a liability and repurchasing these warrants for $200,000 in cash in the second quarter of 2007. At December 31, 2006, these warrants had a fair value of $155,630. The decrease was also a result of the reclassification to non-current liabilities of the liabilities related to uncertain tax positions as a result of the adoption of FASB Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes” at the beginning of 2007. These decreases were partially offset by increases in accrued royalties primarily due to the significant sales of TRANSFORMERS movie-related products, accrued advertising due to higher levels of advertising expense in the fourth quarter of 2007, as well as higher accounts payable due to higher levels of inventory and expenses as of December 30, 2007.
 
Cash flows from investing activities were a net utilization of $271,920, $112,465 and $83,604 in 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The 2008 utilization includes the Company’s purchase of the intellectual property rights related to the TRIVIAL PURSUIT brand for a total cost of $80,800 as well as $65,153 in cash, net of cash acquired, used to acquire Cranium, Inc. in January 2008. In July 2007, with the exception of rights to DUNGEONS & DRAGONS, the Company reacquired the remaining digital gaming rights for its owned or controlled properties held by Infogrames Entertainment SA (Infogrames). The acquisition price of $19,000 included $18,000 in cash and $1,000 of non-cash consideration in the form of the return of preferred stock held by the Company in a subsidiary of Infogrames. The rights repurchased in 2007 were previously held by Infogrames on an exclusive basis as a result of a licensing agreement entered into during 2000. The Company made no acquisitions in 2006. During 2008, the Company expended approximately $117,000 on additions to its property, plant and equipment compared to $92,000 during 2007 and $82,000 during 2006. Of these amounts, 56% in 2008, 61% in 2007 and 63% in 2006 were for purchases of tools, dies and molds related to the Company’s products. In 2009, the Company expects capital expenditures to decrease and be in the range of $90,000 to $100,000. During the three years ended December 28, 2008, depreciation of plant and equipment was $87,873, $88,804, and $67,773, respectively.
 
The Company commits to inventory production, advertising and marketing expenditures prior to the peak third and fourth quarter retail selling season. Accounts receivable increase during the third and fourth quarter as customers increase their purchases to meet expected consumer demand in the holiday season. Due to the concentrated timeframe of this selling period, payments for these accounts receivable are generally not due until the fourth quarter or early in the first quarter of the subsequent year. This timing difference between expenditures and cash collections on accounts receivable made it necessary for the Company to borrow higher amounts during the latter part of the year. During 2008, 2007 and 2006, the Company primarily utilized cash from operations, borrowings under its available lines of credit and its accounts receivable securitization program to fund its operations.
 
The Company is party to an accounts receivable securitization program whereby the Company sells, on an ongoing basis, substantially all of its U.S. trade accounts receivable to a bankruptcy remote special purpose entity, Hasbro Receivables Funding, LLC (“HRF”). HRF is consolidated with the Company for financial


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reporting purposes. The securitization program then allows HRF to sell, on a revolving basis, an undivided fractional ownership interest of up to $250,000 in the eligible receivables it holds to certain bank conduits. During the period from the first day of the October fiscal month through the last day of the following January fiscal month, this limit is increased to $300,000. The program provides the Company with a source of working capital. Based on the amount of eligible accounts receivable as of December 28, 2008, the Company had availability under this program to sell $251,100, of which $250,000 was utilized.
 
The Company has a revolving credit agreement (the “Agreement”) which provides it with a $300,000 committed borrowing facility. The Company has the ability to request increases in the committed facility in additional increments of at least $50,000, subject to lender agreement, up to a total committed facility of $500,000. The Agreement contains certain financial covenants setting forth leverage and coverage requirements, and certain other limitations typical of an investment grade facility, including with respect to liens, mergers and incurrence of indebtedness. The Company was in compliance with all covenants as of and for the fiscal year ended December 28, 2008. The Company had no borrowings outstanding under its committed revolving credit facility at December 28, 2008. However, letters of credit outstanding under this facility as of December 28, 2008 were approximately $1,700. Amounts available and unused under the committed line at December 28, 2008 were approximately $298,300. The Company also has other uncommitted lines from various banks, of which approximately $38,700 was utilized at December 28, 2008. Of the amount utilized under the uncommitted lines, approximately $7,500 and $31,200 represent outstanding borrowings and letters of credit, respectively.
 
Net cash utilized by financing activities was $457,391 in 2008. Of this amount, $360,244, which includes transaction costs, was used to repurchase shares of the Company’s common stock. In February 2008 the Company’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of an additional $500,000 in common stock after three previous authorizations dated May 2005, July 2006 and August 2007 with a cumulative authorized repurchase amount of $1,200,000 were fully utilized. During 2008, the Company repurchased 11,736 shares at an average price per share of $30.44. At December 28, 2008, $252,364 remained under the February 2008 authorization. Dividends paid were $107,065 in 2008 compared to $94,097 in 2007, reflecting the increase in the Company’s quarterly dividend rate to $0.20 per share in 2008 from $0.16 per share in 2007, and net of the effect of decreased shares outstanding in 2008 as a result of the share repurchases. In addition, $135,092 was used to repay long-term debt. These uses of cash were partially offset by cash receipts of $120,895 from the exercise of employee stock options.
 
Net cash utilized by financing activities was $433,917 in 2007. Of this amount, $584,349, which includes transaction costs, was used to repurchase shares of the Company’s common stock. During 2007, the Company repurchased 20,795 shares at an average price per share of $28.20. In addition, the Company purchased certain warrants in May 2007 for $200,000 in accordance with the terms of the call provision of the amended Lucas warrant agreement. Dividends paid were $94,097 in 2007, compared to $75,282 in 2006, reflecting the increase in the Company’s quarterly dividend rate to $0.16 per share in 2007 compared to $0.12 per share in 2006. These uses of cash were partially offset by net proceeds of $346,009 from the issuance of $350,000 of notes that are due in 2017. The proceeds from the notes were primarily used to repay short-term borrowings. The uses of cash were also partially offset by cash receipts of $82,661 from the exercise of employee stock options.
 
Net cash utilized by financing activities was $467,279 in 2006. Of this amount, $456,744, which includes transaction costs, was used to repurchase shares of the Company’s common stock. During 2006, the Company repurchased 22,767 shares at an average price per share of $20.03. In addition, $32,743 was used to repay long-term debt. Dividends paid were $75,282 in 2006. These uses of cash were partially offset by cash receipts of $86,257 from the exercise of employee stock options.
 
At December 28, 2008, the Company has outstanding $249,828 in principal amount of senior convertible debentures due 2021. The senior convertible debentures bear interest at 2.75%, which could be subject to an upward adjustment in the rate, not to exceed 11%, should the price of the Company’s common stock trade at or below $9.72 per share for 20 of the 30 trading days preceding the fifth day prior to an interest payment date. This contingent interest feature represents a derivative instrument that is recorded on the balance sheet at


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its fair value, with changes in fair value recognized in the statement of operations. If the closing price of the Company’s common stock exceeds $23.76 for at least 20 trading days, within the 30 consecutive trading day period ending on the last trading day of the calendar quarter, or upon other specified events, the debentures will be convertible at an initial conversion price of $21.60 in the next calendar quarter. At December 31, 2007 and each of the calendar quarters in 2008 this conversion feature was met and the debentures were convertible throughout 2008. There were no debentures converted during 2008. At December 31, 2008, this conversion feature was met again and the bonds are convertible through March 31, 2009 at which time the requirements of the conversion feature will be reevaluated. In addition, if the closing price of the Company’s common stock exceeds $27.00 for at least 20 trading days in any 30 day period, the Company has the right to call the debentures by giving notice to the holders of the debentures. During a prescribed notice period, the holders of the debentures have the right to convert their debentures in accordance with the conversion terms described above. At certain times during the year, based on the Company’s common stock price, the Company had the right to call the debentures under this provision. As of December 28, 2008, the Company did not have the right to call the debentures. The Company believes a call would result in conversion by the holders of the debentures and issuance of the shares, thereby increasing the number of shares outstanding. Thus far, based on the Company’s targeted capital structure and the low cost of the debentures, when the debentures have been callable the Company has believed that it was more economically beneficial for it to not exercise its right to call the debentures. Currently, this economic benefit includes a lower cash cost of paying interest on the debentures than the Company would pay in dividends on the incremental number of shares that would be outstanding. The Company will continue to assess, at times when it is available, the desirability of exercising the call option in the future based on the then existing economic circumstances and the Company’s business objectives. The holders of these debentures may also put the notes back to Hasbro in December 2011 and December 2016 at the original principal amount. At that time, the purchase price may be paid in cash, shares of common stock or a combination of the two, at the Company’s discretion. While the Company’s current intent is to settle in cash any puts exercised, there can be no guarantee that the Company will have the funds necessary to settle this obligation in cash.
 
The $350,000 notes due in 2017 bear interest at a rate of 6.30%, which may be adjusted upward in the event that the Company’s credit rating from Moody’s Investor Services, Inc., Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services or Fitch Ratings is decreased two levels below the Company’s credit ratings on the date of issuance of the notes. From the date of issuance through December 28, 2008, the Company’s ratings from Moody’s Investor Services, Inc., Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services and Fitch Ratings were BBB, Baa2 and BBB, respectively. The interest rate adjustment is dependent on the degree of decrease of the Company’s ratings and could range from 0.25% to a maximum of 2%. The Company may redeem the notes at its option at the greater of the principal amount of the notes or the present value of the remaining scheduled payments discounted using the effective interest rate on applicable U.S. Treasury bills at the time of repurchase. The Company currently has an open authorization from its Board of Directors to issue up to an additional $425,000 of long-term debt.
 
Including the debentures and notes described above, the Company has remaining principal amounts of long-term debt at December 28, 2008 of approximately $709,723 due at varying times from 2017 through 2028. In addition, the Company is committed to guaranteed royalty and other contractual payments of approximately $16,041 in 2009. The Company also had letters of credit and other similar instruments of approximately $100,700 and purchase commitments of $227,673 outstanding at December 28, 2008. The Company believes that cash from operations, including the securitization facility, and, if necessary, its line of credit, will allow the Company to meet these and other obligations described above.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Estimates
 
The Company prepares its consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. As such, management is required to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions that it believes are reasonable based on information available. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the periods presented. The significant accounting policies which management believes are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and


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evaluating the Company’s reported financial results include sales allowances, recoverability of goodwill and intangible assets, recoverability of royalty advances and commitments, pension costs and obligations, stock-based compensation and income taxes.
 
Sales Allowances
 
Sales allowances for customer promotions, discounts and returns are recorded as a reduction of revenue when the related revenue is recognized. Revenue from product sales is recognized upon passing of title to the customer, generally at the time of shipment. Revenue from product sales, less related sales allowances, is added to royalty revenue and reflected as net revenues in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company routinely commits to promotional sales allowance programs with customers. These allowances primarily relate to fixed programs, which the customer earns based on purchases of Company products during the year. Discounts and allowances are recorded as a reduction of related revenue at the time of sale. While many of the allowances are based on fixed amounts, certain of the allowances, such as the returns allowance, are based on market data, historical trends and information from customers and are therefore subject to estimation.
 
For its allowance programs that are not fixed, such as returns, the Company estimates these amounts using a combination of historical experience and current market conditions. These estimates are reviewed periodically against actual results and any adjustments are recorded at that time as an increase or decrease to net revenues. During 2008, there have been no material adjustments to the Company’s estimates made in prior years.
 
Recoverability of Goodwill and Intangible Assets
 
Goodwill and other intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives are tested for impairment at least annually. If an event occurs or circumstances change that indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable, the Company will perform an interim test at that time. The impairment test begins by allocating goodwill and intangible assets to applicable reporting units. Goodwill is then tested using a two step process that begins with an estimation of the fair value of the reporting unit using an income approach, which looks to the present value of expected future cash flows.
 
The first step is a screen for potential impairment while the second step measures the amount of impairment if there is an indication from the first step that one exists. Intangible assets with indefinite lives are tested for impairment by comparing their carrying value to their estimated fair value which is also calculated using an income approach. The Company’s annual impairment test was performed in the fourth quarter of 2008 and no impairment was indicated. The estimation of future cash flows requires significant judgments and estimates with respect to future revenues related to the respective asset and the future cash outlays related to those revenues. Actual revenues and related cash flows or changes in anticipated revenues and related cash flows could result in a change in this assessment and result in an impairment charge. The estimation of discounted cash flows also requires the selection of an appropriate discount rate. The use of different assumptions would increase or decrease estimated discounted cash flows and could increase or decrease the related impairment charge. At December 28, 2008, the Company has goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives of $550,235 recorded on the balance sheet.
 
Intangible assets, other than those with indefinite lives, are amortized over their estimated useful lives and are reviewed for indications of impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. Recoverability of the value of these intangible assets is measured by a comparison of the assets’ carrying value to the estimated future undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets were considered to be impaired, the impairment would be measured by the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value based on estimated future discounted cash flows. The estimation of future cash flows requires significant judgments and estimates with respect to future revenues related to the respective asset and the future cash outlays related to those revenues. Actual revenues and related cash flows or changes in anticipated revenues and related cash flows could result in a change in this assessment and result in an impairment charge. The estimation of discounted cash flows also requires the selection of an appropriate discount rate. The use of different assumptions would increase or


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decrease estimated discounted cash flows and could increase or decrease the related impairment charge. Intangible assets covered under this policy were $492,674 at December 28, 2008. During 2008, there were no impairment charges related to these intangible assets.
 
Recoverability of Royalty Advances and Commitments
 
The recoverability of royalty advances and contractual obligations with respect to minimum guaranteed royalties is assessed by comparing the remaining minimum guaranty to the estimated future sales forecasts and related cash flow projections to be derived from the related product. If sales forecasts and related cash flows from the particular product do not support the recoverability of the remaining minimum guaranty or, if the Company decides to discontinue a product line with royalty advances or commitments, a charge to royalty expense to write-off the non-recoverable minimum guaranty is required. The preparation of revenue forecasts and related cash flows for these products requires judgments and estimates. Actual revenues and related cash flows or changes in the assessment of anticipated revenues and cash flows related to these products could result in a change to the assessment of recoverability of remaining minimum guaranteed royalties. At December 28, 2008, the Company had $70,982 of prepaid royalties, $44,329 of which are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets and $26,653 which are included in other assets.
 
Pension Costs and Obligations
 
The Company, except for certain international subsidiaries, has pension plans covering substantially all of its full-time employees. Pension expense is based on actuarial computations of current and future benefits using estimates for expected return on assets and applicable discount rates. At the end of 2007 the Company froze benefits under its two largest pension plans in the U.S., with no future benefits accruing to employees. The Company will continue to pay benefits under the plan consistent with the provisions existing at the date of the plan benefit freeze.
 
The estimates for the Company’s U.S. plans are established at the Company’s measurement date. In accordance with the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 158, “Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans”, (“SFAS No. 158”), the Company uses its fiscal year-end date as its measurement date to measure the liabilities and assets of the plans and to establish the expense for the upcoming year.
 
The Company estimates expected return on assets using a weighted average rate based on historical market data for the investment classes of assets held by the plan, the allocation of plan assets among those investment classes, and the current economic environment. Based on this information, the Company’s estimate of expected return on U.S. plan assets used in the calculation of 2008 pension expense for the U.S. plans was 8.75%. A decrease in the estimate used for expected return on plan assets would increase pension expense, while an increase in this estimate would decrease pension expense. A decrease of 0.25% in the estimate of expected return on plan assets would have increased 2008 pension expense for U.S. plans by approximately $685.
 
Discount rates are selected based upon rates of return at the measurement date on high quality corporate bond investments currently available and expected to be available during the period to maturity of the pension benefits. The Company’s discount rate for its U.S. plans used for the calculation of 2008 pension expense averaged 6.34%. A decrease in the discount rate would result in greater pension expense while an increase in the discount rate would decrease pension expense. A decrease of 0.25% in the Company’s discount rate would have increased 2008 pension expense and the 2008 projected benefit obligation by approximately $165 and $7,972, respectively.
 
In accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 87, “Employers Accounting for Pensions”, actual results that differ from the actuarial assumptions are accumulated and, if outside a certain corridor, amortized over future periods and, therefore generally affect recognized expense in future periods. At December 28, 2008, the Company’s U.S. plans had unrecognized actuarial losses of $87,906 included in accumulated other comprehensive income related to its defined benefit pension plans compared to $19,158 at December 30, 2007. The increase primarily reflects a decrease in the fair value of plan assets in 2008. Pension


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plan assets are valued on the basis of their fair market value on the measurement date. These changes in the fair market value of plan assets impact the amount of future pension expense due to amortization of the unrecognized actuarial losses.
 
Stock-Based Compensation
 
The Company has a stock-based compensation plan for employees and non-employee members of the Company’s Board of Directors. Under this plan, the Company may grant stock options at or above the fair market value of the Company’s stock, as well as restricted stock, restricted stock units and contingent stock performance awards. The Company measures all stock-based compensation awards using a fair value method and records such expense in its consolidated financial statements. Total stock-based compensation expense recognized for the years ended December 28, 2008, December 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006 was $35,221, $29,402 and $22,832, respectively. As of December 28, 2008, total unrecognized stock-based compensation cost was approximately $33,700.
 
The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to value stock options that are granted under these plans. The Black-Scholes method includes four significant assumptions: (1) expected term of the options, (2) risk-free interest rate, (3) expected dividend yield, and (4) expected stock price volatility. For the Company’s 2008, 2007 and 2006 stock option grants, the weighted average expected term was approximately 5 years. This amount is based on a review of employees’ exercise history relating to stock options as well as the contractual term of the option. The weighted average risk-free interest rates used for 2008, 2007 and 2006 stock option grants were 2.71%, 4.79% and 4.98%, respectively. This estimate was based on the interest rate available on U.S. treasury securities with durations that approximate the expected term of the option. The weighted average expected dividend yields used for the 2008, 2007 and 2006 stock option grants were 2.95%, 1.97% and 2.55%, respectively, which is based on the Company’s current annual dividend amount divided by the stock price on the date of the grant. The weighted average expected stock price volatilities used were 22% for 2008 and 2007 stock option grants and 24% for 2006 stock option grants. These amounts were derived using a combination of current and historical implied price volatility. Implied price volatility reflects the volatility implied in publicly traded options on the Company’s common stock, which the Company believes represents the expected future volatility of the Company’s stock price. The Company believes that since this is a market-based estimate, it provides a better estimate of expected future volatility as compared to based only on historical volatility.
 
In 2008, 2007 and 2006, as part of its employee stock-based compensation plan, the Company issued contingent stock performance awards, which provide the recipients with the ability to earn shares of the Company’s common stock based on the Company’s achievement of stated cumulative diluted earnings per share and cumulative net revenue targets over the three fiscal years ended December 2010 for the 2008 award, over the three fiscal years ended December 2009 for the 2007 award, and over a ten quarter period beginning July 3, 2006 and ending December 2008 for the 2006 award. Each award has a target number of shares of common stock associated with such award which may be earned by the recipient if the Company achieves the stated diluted earnings per share and net revenue targets. These awards are valued based on the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the date of the grant and expensed over the performance period. The measurement of the expense related to this award is based on the Company’s current estimate of revenues and diluted earnings per share over the performance period. Changes in these estimates may impact the expense recognized related to these awards.
 
Income Taxes
 
The Company’s annual income tax rate is based on its income, statutory tax rates, changes in prior tax positions, and tax planning opportunities available in the various jurisdictions in which it operates. Significant judgment and estimates are required to determine the Company’s annual tax rate and in evaluating its tax positions. Despite the Company’s belief that its tax return positions are fully supportable, these positions are subject to challenge and estimated liabilities are established in the event that these positions are challenged and the Company is not successful in defending these challenges. These estimated liabilities are adjusted, as well as the related interest, in light of changing facts and circumstances, such as the progress of a tax audit.


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An estimated effective income tax rate is applied to the Company’s quarterly operating results. In the event there is a significant unusual or extraordinary item recognized in the Company’s quarterly operating results, the tax attributable to that item is separately calculated and recorded at the time. Changes in the Company’s estimated effective income tax rate during 2008 were primarily due to changes in its estimate of earnings by tax jurisdiction. In addition, changes in judgment regarding likely outcomes related to tax positions taken in a prior fiscal year, or tax costs or benefits from a resolution of such positions would be recorded entirely in the interim period the judgment changes or resolution occurs. During 2008, the Company recorded a total benefit of approximately $10,200 related to discrete tax events primarily comprised of a benefit related to the repatriation of certain foreign earnings to the U.S., as well as the settlement of various tax examinations in multiple jurisdictions.
 
In certain cases, tax law requires items to be included in the Company’s income tax returns at a different time than when these items are recognized on the financial statements or at a different amount than that which is recognized in the financial statements. Some of these differences are permanent, such as expenses that are not deductible on the Company’s tax returns, while other differences are temporary and will reverse over time, such as depreciation expense. These differences that will reverse over time are recorded as deferred tax assets and liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet. Deferred tax assets represent credits or deductions that have been reflected in the financial statements but have not yet been reflected in the Company’s income tax returns. Valuation allowances are established against deferred tax assets to the extent that it is determined that the Company will have insufficient future taxable income, including capital gains, to fully realize the future credits, deductions or capital losses. Deferred tax liabilities represent expenses recognized in the Company’s income tax return that have not yet been recognized in the Company’s financial statements or income recognized in the financial statements that has not yet been recognized in the Company’s income tax return. During 2007, the Mexican government instituted a tax structure which results in companies paying the higher of an income-based tax or an alternative flat tax commencing in 2008. Should the Company be subject to the alternative flat tax, it would be required to review whether its net deferred tax assets would be realized. During 2008 the Company was subject to the income-based tax. As the Company believes that it will continue to be subject to the income-based tax in 2009, it believes that the net deferred tax assets related to the Mexican tax jurisdiction will be realizable. Should the facts and circumstances change, the Company may be required to reevaluate deferred tax assets related to its Mexican operations, which may result in additional tax expense.
 
Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments
 
In the normal course of its business, the Company enters into contracts related to obtaining rights to produce product under license, which may require the payment of minimum guarantees, as well as contracts related to the leasing of facilities and equipment. In addition, the Company has $709,723 in principal amount of long-term debt outstanding at December 28, 2008. Future payments required under these and other obligations as of December 28, 2008 are as follows:
 
                                                         
    Payments Due by Fiscal Year  
Certain Contractual Obligations
  2009     2010     2011     2012     2013     Thereafter     Total  
 
Long-term debt
  $                               709,723       709,723  
Interest payments on long-term debt
    36,173       36,173       36,173       36,173       36,173       251,956       432,821  
Operating lease commitments
    30,921       22,118       16,559       11,923       9,527       10,522       101,570  
Future minimum guaranteed contractual payments
    16,041       5,605       36,172                         57,818  
Purchase commitments
    227,673                                     227,673  
                                                         
    $ 310,808       63,896       88,904       48,096       45,700       972,201       1,529,605  
                                                         
 
The Company has a liability at December 28, 2008, including potential interest and penalties, of $92,812 for uncertain tax positions that have been taken or are expected to be taken in various income tax returns. The Company does not know the ultimate resolution of these uncertain tax positions and as such, does not know


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the ultimate timing of payments related to this liability. Accordingly, these amounts are not included in the table above.
 
Included in the Thereafter column above is $249,828 in principal amount of senior convertible debt due 2021. The holders of these debentures may put the notes back to the Company in December 2011 and December 2016 at the principal amount. At that time, the purchase price may be paid in cash, shares of common stock or a combination of the two. In addition, at December 28, 2008, these debentures may be converted to shares at an initial conversion price of $21.60 per share through March 31, 2009, at which time the requirements of the contingent conversion feature will be reevaluated. If the closing price of the Company’s common stock exceeds $23.76 for at least 20 trading days within the 30 consecutive trading day period ending on the last trading day of a calendar quarter, or upon other specified events, the debentures will be convertible at the initial conversion price of $21.60.
 
The Company’s agreement with Marvel provides for minimum guaranteed royalty payments and requires the Company to make minimum expenditures on marketing and promotional activities. The future minimum contractual payments in the table above include future guaranteed contractual royalty payments of $35,000 payable to Marvel that are contingent upon the theatrical release of SPIDER-MAN 4 which the Company currently expects to be paid in 2011. Subsequent to December 28, 2008, the Company entered into an agreement with Marvel that resulted in the extension of the current agreement from the end of 2011 through the end of 2017. The extended agreement includes an additional $100,000 in minimum guaranteed royalties, with the potential for up to an additional $140,000 in guaranteed royalties contingent upon the release by Marvel of certain MARVEL character-based theatrical releases that meet certain defined criteria. Amounts that are or may be payable to Marvel under this extended agreement are not reflected in the table above.
 
In addition to the amounts included in the table above, the Company expects to make contributions totaling approximately $17,100 related to its unfunded U.S. and other International pension plans in 2009. The Company also has letters of credit and related instruments of approximately $100,700 at December 28, 2008.
 
Financial Risk Management
 
The Company is exposed to market risks attributable to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates primarily as the result of sourcing products priced in U.S. dollars, Hong Kong dollars and Euros while marketing those products in more than twenty currencies. Results of operations may be affected primarily by changes in the value of the U.S. dollar, Hong Kong dollar, Euro, British pound, Canadian dollar and Mexican peso and, to a lesser extent, currencies in Latin American and Asia Pacific countries.
 
To manage this exposure, the Company has hedged a portion of its forecasted foreign currency transactions using foreign exchange forward contracts. The Company estimates that a hypothetical immediate 10% depreciation of the U.S. dollar against foreign currencies could result in an approximate $64,500 decrease in the fair value of these instruments. A decrease in the fair value of these instruments would be substantially offset by decreases in the related forecasted foreign currency transactions.
 
The Company is also exposed to foreign currency risk with respect to its net cash and cash equivalents or short-term borrowing positions in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. The Company believes, however, that the on-going risk on the net exposure should not be material to its financial condition. In addition, the Company’s revenues and costs have been and will likely continue to be affected by changes in foreign currency rates. A significant change in foreign exchange rates can materially impact the Company’s revenues and earnings due to translation of foreign revenues and costs. The Company does not hedge against translation impacts of foreign exchange. From time to time, affiliates of the Company may make or receive intercompany loans in currencies other than their functional currency. The Company manages this exposure at the time the loan is made by using foreign exchange contracts.
 
The Company reflects all derivatives at their fair value as an asset or liability on the balance sheet. The Company does not speculate in foreign currency exchange contracts. At December 28, 2008, these contracts had unrealized gains of $72,053, of which $32,203 are recorded in prepaid expenses and other current assets and $39,850 are recorded in other assets. Included in accumulated other comprehensive income at December 28, 2008 are deferred gains of $63,513, net of tax.


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At December 28, 2008, the Company had fixed rate long-term debt of $709,723. The Company estimates that a hypothetical one percentage point decrease or increase in interest rates would increase or decrease the fair value of this long-term debt by approximately $34,300 or $30,900, respectively.
 
The Economy and Inflation
 
The principal market for the Company’s products is the retail sector. Revenues from the Company’s top five customers, all retailers, accounted for approximately 52% of its consolidated net revenues in 2008 and 2007 and 53% of its consolidated net revenues in 2006. In the past three years certain customers in the retail sector have experienced economic difficulty. The Company monitors the creditworthiness of its customers and adjusts credit policies and limits as it deems appropriate.
 
The Company’s revenue pattern continues to show the second half of the year to be more significant to its overall business for the full year. In 2008, approximately 63% of the Company’s full year net revenues were recognized in the second half of the year. Although the Company expects that this concentration will continue, particularly as more of its business has shifted to larger customers with order patterns concentrated in the second half of the year, this concentration may be less in years where the Company has products related to a major motion picture release that occurs in the first half of the year. In 2008 the Company had products related to the mid-year major motion picture releases of IRONMAN, THE INCREDIBLE HULK and INDIANA JONES AND THE KINGDOM OF THE CRYSTAL SKULL. The concentration of sales in the second half of the year increases the risk of (a) underproduction of popular items, (b) overproduction of less popular items, and (c) failure to achieve tight and compressed shipping schedules. The business of the Company is characterized by customer order patterns which vary from year to year largely because of differences in the degree of consumer acceptance of a product line, product availability, marketing strategies, inventory levels, policies of retailers and differences in overall economic conditions. The trend of larger retailers has been to maintain lower inventories throughout the year and purchase a greater percentage of product within or close to the fourth quarter holiday consumer selling season, which includes Christmas.
 
Quick response inventory management practices being used by retailers result in more orders being placed for immediate delivery and fewer orders being placed well in advance of shipment. Retailers are timing their orders so that they are being filled by suppliers closer to the time of purchase by consumers. To the extent that retailers do not sell as much of their year-end inventory purchases during this holiday selling season as they had anticipated, their demand for additional product earlier in the following fiscal year may be curtailed, thus negatively impacting the Company’s revenues. In addition, the bankruptcy or other lack of success of one of the Company’s significant retailers could negatively impact the Company’s future revenues.
 
The effect of inflation on the Company’s operations during 2008 was not significant and the Company will continue its policy of monitoring costs and adjusting prices, accordingly.
 
New Accounting Pronouncements
 
Effective at the beginning of 2009, the Company is required to prospectively adopt the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 141 (Revised 2007), “Business Combinations”, (“SFAS 141R”), which makes certain modifications to the accounting for business combinations. These changes include (1) the requirement for an acquirer to recognize all assets acquired and liabilities assumed at their fair value on the acquisition date; (2) the requirement for an acquirer to recognize assets or liabilities arising from contingencies at fair value as of that acquisition date; and (3) the requirement that an acquirer expense all acquisition related costs. This Statement is required to be applied prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of fiscal 2009.
 
Effective at the beginning of 2009, the Company is required to prospectively adopt the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements”, (“SFAS 160”) which requires noncontrolling (minority) interests in subsidiaries to be initially measured at fair value and presented as a separate component of shareholders’ equity. Current practice is to present noncontrolling interests as a liability or other item outside of equity. The presentation and disclosure provisions of SFAS 160 are required to be applied on a retrospective basis. The Company does not expect the adoption of SFAS 160 to have an impact on its consolidated balance sheet or results of operations.


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In March 2008, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities”, (“SFAS 161”), which requires enhanced disclosures related to derivative instruments and hedging activities. This Statement is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008, and the disclosure requirements will be applicable for the Company’s 2009 consolidated financial statements.
 
In December 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. 132(R)-1, “Employers’ Disclosures about Postretirement Benefit Plan Assets”, (“FSP 132(R)-1”). FSP 132(R)-1 provides guidance on an employer’s disclosures about plan assets of a defined benefit pension or other postretirement plan. The disclosures required by FSP 132(R)-1 will be applicable for the Company’s year-end 2009 financial statements.
 
In 2009 the Company will adopt the remaining provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements”, (“SFAS 157”) for non-financial assets. The adoption of these provisions will not have an impact on the Company’s statements of operations or statement of financial position.
 
Other Information
 
The Company is not aware of any material amounts of potential exposure relating to environmental matters and does not believe its environmental compliance costs or liabilities to be material to its operating results or financial position.
 
Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
The information required by this item is included in Item 7 of Part II of this Report and is incorporated herein by reference.


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Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
The Board of Directors and Shareholders
Hasbro, Inc.:
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Hasbro, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, and the related consolidated statements of operations, shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the fiscal years in the three-year period ended December 28, 2008. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Hasbro, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the fiscal years in the three-year period ended December 28, 2008, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Hasbro, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 28, 2008, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated February 24, 2009 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
/s/ KPMG LLP
 
Providence, Rhode Island
February 24, 2009


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Balance Sheets
December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007
(Thousands of Dollars Except Share Data)
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
ASSETS
Current assets
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 630,390       774,458  
Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $32,400 in 2008 and $30,600 in 2007
    611,766       654,789  
Inventories
    300,463       259,081  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    171,387       199,912  
                 
Total current assets
    1,714,006       1,888,240  
Property, plant and equipment, net
    211,707       187,960  
                 
Other assets
               
Goodwill
    474,497       471,177  
Other intangibles, net
    568,412       486,232  
Other
    200,175       203,454  
                 
Total other assets
    1,243,084       1,160,863  
                 
Total assets
  $ 3,168,797       3,237,063  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities
               
Short-term borrowings
  $ 7,586       10,201  
Current portion of long-term debt
          135,348  
Accounts payable
    184,453       186,202  
Accrued liabilities
    607,853       555,920  
                 
Total current liabilities
    799,892       887,671  
Long-term debt, excluding current portion
    709,723       709,723  
Other liabilities
    268,396       254,577  
                 
Total liabilities
    1,778,011       1,851,971  
                 
Shareholders’ equity
               
Preference stock of $2.50 par value. Authorized 5,000,000 shares; none issued
           
Common stock of $0.50 par value. Authorized 600,000,000 shares; issued 209,694,630 shares in 2008 and 2007
    104,847       104,847  
Additional paid-in capital
    450,155       369,092  
Retained earnings
    2,456,650       2,261,561  
Accumulated other comprehensive earnings
    62,256       74,938  
Treasury stock, at cost, 70,465,216 shares in 2008 and 64,487,616 shares in 2007
    (1,683,122 )     (1,425,346 )
                 
Total shareholders’ equity
    1,390,786       1,385,092  
                 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
  $ 3,168,797       3,237,063  
                 
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Operations
Fiscal Years Ended in December
(Thousands of Dollars Except Per Share Data)
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Net revenues
  $ 4,021,520       3,837,557       3,151,481  
Cost of sales
    1,692,728       1,576,621       1,303,885  
                         
Gross profit
    2,328,792       2,260,936       1,847,596  
                         
Expenses
                       
Amortization
    78,265       67,716       78,934  
Royalties
    312,986       316,807       169,731  
Research and product development
    191,424       167,194       171,358  
Advertising
    454,612       434,742       368,996  
Selling, distribution and administration
    797,209       755,127       682,214  
                         
Total expenses
    1,834,496       1,741,586       1,471,233  
                         
Operating profit
    494,296       519,350       376,363  
                         
Nonoperating (income) expense
                       
Interest expense
    47,143       34,618       27,521  
Interest income
    (17,654 )     (29,973 )     (27,609 )
Other (income) expense, net
    23,752       52,323       34,977  
                         
Total nonoperating expense, net
    53,241       56,968       34,889  
                         
Earnings before income taxes
    441,055       462,382       341,474  
Income taxes
    134,289       129,379       111,419  
                         
Net earnings
  $ 306,766       333,003       230,055  
                         
Per common share
                       
Net earnings
                       
Basic
  $ 2.18       2.13       1.38  
                         
Diluted
  $ 2.00       1.97       1.29  
                         
Cash dividends declared
  $ 0.80       0.64       0.48  
                         
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


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Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Fiscal Years Ended in December
(Thousands of Dollars)
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Cash flows from operating activities
                       
Net earnings
  $ 306,766       333,003       230,055  
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash
                       
provided by operating activities:
                       
Depreciation of plant and equipment
    87,873       88,804       67,773  
Amortization
    78,265       67,716       78,934  
Loss on impairment of investment
                2,629  
Change in fair value of liabilities potentially
                       
settleable in common stock
          44,370       31,770  
Deferred income taxes
    24,994       37,578       24,967  
Stock-based compensation
    35,221       29,402       22,832  
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
                       
Increase in accounts receivable
    (14,220 )     (74,941 )     (10,708 )
Increase in inventories
    (69,871 )     (44,267 )     (17,623 )
Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and other current assets
    74,734       79,247       (35,174 )
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
    56,143       64,936       (35,639 )
Other, including long-term advances
    13,280       (24,054 )     (39,169 )
                         
Net cash provided by operating activities
    593,185       601,794       320,647  
                         
Cash flows from investing activities
                       
Additions to property, plant and equipment
    (117,143 )     (91,532 )     (82,103 )
Investments and acquisitions, net of cash acquired
    (154,757 )     (18,000 )      
Purchases of short-term investments
    (42,000 )     (43,700 )     (941,120 )
Proceeds from sales of short-term investments
    42,000       43,700       941,120  
Other
    (20 )     (2,933 )     (1,501 )
                         
Net cash utilized by investing activities
    (271,920 )     (112,465 )     (83,604 )
                         
Cash flows from financing activities
                       
Net proceeds from borrowings with original maturities of more than three months
          346,009        
Repayments of borrowings with original maturities of more than three months
    (135,092 )           (32,743 )
Net repayments of other short-term borrowings
    (645 )     (1,150 )     (3,726 )
Purchases of common stock
    (360,244 )     (584,349 )     (456,744 )
Purchase of Lucas warrants
          (200,000 )      
Stock option transactions
    120,895       82,661       86,257  
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
    24,760       17,009       14,959  
Dividends paid
    (107,065 )     (94,097 )     (75,282 )
                         
Net cash utilized by financing activities
    (457,391 )     (433,917 )     (467,279 )
                         
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
    (7,942 )     3,646       3,368  
                         
(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
    (144,068 )     59,058       (226,868 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
    774,458       715,400       942,268  
                         
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year
  $ 630,390       774,458       715,400  
                         
Supplemental information
                       
Interest paid
  $ 50,696       27,374       26,228  
                         
Income taxes paid
  $ 49,152       123,325       84,901  
                         
 
See notes (4) and (11) for disclosure of financing and investing activities not affecting cash.
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
(Thousands of Dollars)
 
                                                         
                            Accumulated
             
          Additional
                Other
          Total
 
    Common
    Paid-in
    Deferred
    Retained
    Comprehensive
    Treasury
    Shareholders’
 
    Stock    
Capital
    Compensation     Earnings     Earnings     Stock     Equity  
 
Balance, December 25, 2005
  $ 104,847       358,199       (24 )     1,869,007       15,348       (623,901 )     1,723,476  
Net earnings
                      230,055                   230,055  
Other comprehensive earnings
                            22,588             22,588  
                                                         
Comprehensive earnings
                                                    252,643  
Adjustment to adopt SFAS No. 158
                            (26,750 )           (26,750 )
Stock option and warrant transactions
          (58,498 )                       159,645       101,147  
Purchases of common stock
                                  (456,744 )     (456,744 )
Stock-based compensation
          22,553       24                   255       22,832  
Dividends declared
                      (78,714 )                 (78,714 )
                                                         
Balance, December 31, 2006
    104,847       322,254             2,020,348       11,186       (920,745 )     1,537,890  
Net earnings
                      333,003                   333,003  
Other comprehensive earnings
                            55,973             55,973  
                                                         
Comprehensive earnings
                                                    388,976  
SFAS No. 158 measurement date change
                      (2,143 )     7,779             5,636  
Adjustment to adopt FIN 48
                      8,358                   8,358  
Conversion of debentures
          32                         136       168  
Stock option and warrant transactions
          17,579                         82,092       99,671  
Purchases of common stock
                                  (587,004 )     (587,004 )
Stock-based compensation
          29,227                         175       29,402  
Dividends declared
                      (98,005 )                 (98,005 )
                                                         
Balance, December 30, 2007
    104,847       369,092             2,261,561       74,938       (1,425,346 )     1,385,092  
Net earnings
                      306,766                   306,766  
Other comprehensive loss
                            (12,682 )           (12,682 )
                                                         
Comprehensive earnings
                                                    294,084  
Stock option transactions
          45,947                         99,708       145,655  
Purchases of common stock
                                  (357,589 )     (357,589 )
Stock-based compensation
          35,116                         105       35,221  
Dividends declared
                      (111,677 )                 (111,677 )
                                                         
Balance, December 28, 2008
  $ 104,847       450,155             2,456,650       62,256       (1,683,122 )     1,390,786  
                                                         
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
(1)   Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Hasbro, Inc. and all majority-owned subsidiaries (“Hasbro” or the “Company”). Investments representing 20% to 50% ownership interest in other companies are accounted for using the equity method. The Company had no equity method investments at December 28, 2008 that were material to the consolidated financial statements. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
 
Preparation of Financial Statements
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and notes thereto. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Reclassifications
 
Certain amounts in the 2007 and 2006 consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the 2008 presentation.
 
Fiscal Year
 
Hasbro’s fiscal year ends on the last Sunday in December. The fiscal years ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 were fifty-two week periods while the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006 was a fifty-three week period.
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Cash and cash equivalents include all cash balances and highly liquid investments purchased with a maturity to the Company of three months or less.
 
Marketable Securities
 
Marketable securities are comprised of investments in publicly-traded securities, classified as available-for-sale, and are recorded at fair value with unrealized gains or losses, net of tax, reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive earnings (“AOCE”) within shareholders’ equity until realized. Unrealized losses are evaluated to determine the nature of the losses. If the losses are determined to be other than temporary, the basis of the security is adjusted and the loss is recognized in earnings at that time. These securities are included in other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
 
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
 
Credit is granted to customers predominantly on an unsecured basis. Credit limits and payment terms are established based on extensive evaluations made on an ongoing basis throughout the fiscal year with regard to the financial performance, cash generation, financing availability and liquidity status of each customer. The majority of customers are formally reviewed at least annually; more frequent reviews are performed based on the customer’s financial condition and the level of credit being extended. For customers on credit who are experiencing financial difficulties, management performs additional financial analyses before shipping orders. The Company uses a variety of financial transactions based on availability and cost, to increase the collectibility of certain of its accounts, including letters of credit, credit insurance, factoring with unrelated third parties, and requiring cash in advance of shipping.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
The Company records an allowance for doubtful accounts at the time revenue is recognized based on management’s assessment of the business environment, customers’ financial condition, historical collection experience, accounts receivable aging and customer disputes. When a significant event occurs, such as a bankruptcy filing by a specific customer, and on a quarterly basis, the allowance is reviewed for adequacy and the balance or accrual rate is adjusted to reflect current risk prospects.
 
Inventories
 
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or market. Based upon a consideration of quantities on hand, actual and projected sales volume, anticipated product selling price and product lines planned to be discontinued, slow-moving and obsolete inventory is written down to its estimated net realizable value.
 
At December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, finished goods comprised 93% and 91% of inventories, respectively.
 
Long-Lived Assets
 
The Company’s long-lived assets consist of property, plant and equipment, goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives as well as other intangible assets the Company considers to have a defined life.
 
Goodwill results from acquisitions the Company has made over time. Substantially all of the other intangibles consist of the cost of acquired product rights. In establishing the value of such rights, the Company considers existing trademarks, copyrights, patents, license agreements and other product-related rights. These rights were valued at their acquisition date based on the anticipated future cash flows from the underlying product line. The Company has certain intangible assets related to the Tonka and Milton Bradley acquisitions that have an indefinite life.
 
Goodwill and intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives are not amortized and are tested for impairment at least annually. The annual test begins with goodwill and all intangible assets being allocated to applicable reporting units. Goodwill is then tested using a two-step process that begins with an estimation of fair value of the reporting unit using an income approach, which looks to the present value of expected future cash flows. The first step is a screen for potential impairment while the second step measures the amount of impairment if there is an indication from the first step that one exists. Intangible assets with indefinite lives are tested annually for impairment by comparing their carrying value to their estimated fair value, also calculated using the present value of expected future cash flows.
 
The remaining intangibles having defined lives are being amortized over periods ranging from five to twenty-five years, primarily using the straight-line method. At December 28, 2008, approximately 6% of other intangibles relate to rights acquired in connection with a major entertainment property and are being amortized over the contract life, in proportion to projected sales of the licensed products during the same period.
 
Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed using accelerated and straight-line methods to depreciate the cost of property, plant and equipment over their estimated useful lives. The principal lives, in years, used in determining depreciation rates of various assets are: land improvements 15 to 19, buildings and improvements 15 to 25 and machinery and equipment 3 to 12. Depreciation expense is classified on the statement of operations based on the nature of the property and equipment being depreciated. Tools, dies and molds are depreciated over a three-year period or their useful lives, whichever is less, using an accelerated method. The Company generally owns all tools, dies and molds related to its products.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
The Company reviews property, plant and equipment and other intangibles with defined lives for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. Recoverability is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset or asset group to future undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the asset or asset group. If such assets were considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized would be measured by the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds their fair value. Fair value is determined based on discounted cash flows or appraised values, depending on the nature of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are carried at the lower of the net book value or their estimated fair value less disposal costs.
 
Financial Instruments
 
Hasbro’s financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, marketable securities, short-term borrowings, accounts payable and accrued liabilities. At December 28, 2008, the carrying cost of these instruments approximated their fair value. The Company’s financial instruments at December 28, 2008 also include long-term borrowings (see note 7 for carrying cost and related fair values) as well as certain assets and liabilities measured at fair value (see notes 10 and 14).
 
Securitization and Transfer of Financial Instruments
 
Hasbro has an agreement that allows the Company to sell, on an ongoing basis, an undivided fractional ownership interest in certain of its trade accounts receivable through a revolving securitization arrangement. The Company retains servicing responsibilities for, as well as a subordinate interest in the transferred receivables. Hasbro accounts for the securitization of trade accounts receivable as a sale in accordance with SFAS No. 140, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishment of Liabilities” (“SFAS 140”). As a result, the related receivables are removed from the consolidated balance sheet.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
Revenue from product sales is recognized upon the passing of title to the customer, generally at the time of shipment. Provisions for discounts, rebates and returns are made when the related revenues are recognized. The Company bases its estimates for discounts, rebates and returns on agreed customer terms and historical experience.
 
The Company enters into arrangements licensing its brand names on specifically approved products. The licensees pay the Company royalties as products are sold, in some cases subject to minimum guaranteed amounts. Royalty revenues are recognized as they are reported as earned and payment becomes assured, over the life of the agreement. Revenue from product sales less related provisions for discounts, rebates and returns, as well as royalty revenues comprise net revenues in the consolidated statements of operations.
 
Royalties
 
The Company enters into license agreements with inventors, designers and others for the use of intellectual properties in its products. These agreements may call for payment in advance or future payment for minimum guaranteed amounts. Amounts paid in advance are recorded as an asset and charged to expense as revenue from the related products is recognized. If all or a portion of the minimum guaranteed amounts appear not to be recoverable through future use of the rights obtained under license, the nonrecoverable portion of the guaranty is charged to expense at that time.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
Advertising
 
Production costs of commercials and programming are charged to operations in the fiscal year during which the production is first aired. The costs of other advertising, promotion and marketing programs are charged to operations in the fiscal year incurred.
 
Shipping and Handling
 
Hasbro expenses costs related to the shipment and handling of goods to customers as incurred. For 2008, 2007, and 2006, these costs were $178,738, $167,868 and $145,729, respectively, and are included in selling, distribution and administration expenses.
 
Operating Leases
 
Hasbro records lease expense in such a manner as to recognize this expense on a straight-line basis inclusive of rent concessions and rent increases. Reimbursements from lessors for leasehold improvements are deferred and recognized as a reduction to lease expense over the lease term.
 
Income Taxes
 
Hasbro uses the asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting of income taxes. Deferred income taxes have not been provided on the majority of undistributed earnings of international subsidiaries as the majority of such earnings are indefinitely reinvested by the Company.
 
On January 1, 2007, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Interpretation No. 48 (“FIN 48”), which applies to all tax positions accounted for under Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes”. FIN 48 prescribes a two step process for the measurement of uncertain tax positions that have been taken or are expected to be taken in a tax return. The first step is a determination of whether the tax position should be recognized in the financial statements. The second step determines the measurement of the tax position. FIN 48 also provides guidance on derecognition of such tax positions, classification, potential interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods and disclosure. The Company records potential interest and penalties on uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense. See note 8 for further information regarding the adoption of FIN 48.
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Foreign currency assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars at period-end rates, and revenues, costs and expenses are translated at weighted average rates during each reporting period. Earnings include gains or losses resulting from foreign currency transactions and, when required, translation gains and losses resulting from the use of the U.S. dollar as the functional currency in highly inflationary economies. Other gains and losses resulting from translation of financial statements are a component of other comprehensive earnings.
 
Pension Plans, Postretirement and Postemployment Benefits
 
Hasbro, except for certain international subsidiaries, has pension plans covering substantially all of its full-time employees. Pension expense is based on actuarial computations of current and future benefits. In December 2006, the Company adopted the recognition provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 158, “Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans” (“SFAS 158”), which amends SFAS 87, 88, 106 and 132(R). In 2007, the Company adopted the measurement date provisions of SFAS 158, which required the Company to change the measurement date of certain of its defined benefit plans to the Company’s fiscal year-end date. Previously, the measurement date for certain of


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
the Company’s defined benefit plans was September 30. See notes 2 and 12 for the impact of adopting of this statement.
 
The Company’s policy is to fund amounts which are required by applicable regulations and which are tax deductible. In 2009, the Company expects to contribute approximately $17,100 to its pension plans. The estimated amounts of future payments to be made under other retirement programs are being accrued currently over the period of active employment and are also included in pension expense.
 
Hasbro has a contributory postretirement health and life insurance plan covering substantially all employees who retire under any of its United States defined benefit pension plans and meet certain age and length of service requirements. The cost of providing these benefits on behalf of employees who retired prior to 1993 is and will continue to be substantially borne by the Company. The cost of providing benefits on behalf of substantially all employees who retire after 1992 is borne by the employee. It also has several plans covering certain groups of employees, which may provide benefits to such employees following their period of employment but prior to their retirement. The Company measures the costs of these obligations based on actuarial computations.
 
Risk Management Contracts
 
Hasbro uses foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate the impact of currency rate fluctuations on firmly committed and projected future foreign currency transactions. These over-the-counter contracts, which hedge future purchases of inventory and other cross-border currency requirements not denominated in the functional currency of the unit, are primarily denominated in United States and Hong Kong dollars, Euros and United Kingdom pound sterling and are entered into with a number of counterparties, all of which are major financial institutions. The Company believes that a default by a counterparty would not have a material adverse effect on the financial condition of the Company. Hasbro does not enter into derivative financial instruments for speculative purposes.
 
At the inception of the contracts, Hasbro designates its derivatives as either cash flow or fair value hedges. The Company formally documents all relationships between hedging instruments and hedged items as well as its risk management objectives and strategies for undertaking various hedge transactions. All hedges designated as cash flow hedges are linked to forecasted transactions and the Company assesses, both at the inception of the hedge and on an on-going basis, the effectiveness of the derivatives used in hedging transactions in offsetting changes in the cash flows of the forecasted transaction. The ineffective portion of a hedging derivative, if any, is immediately recognized in the consolidated statements of operations.
 
The Company records all derivatives, such as foreign currency exchange contracts, on the balance sheet at fair value. Changes in the derivative fair values that are designated effective and qualify as cash flow hedges are deferred and recorded as a component of AOCE until the hedged transactions occur and are then recognized in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company’s foreign currency contracts hedging anticipated cash flows are designated as cash flow hedges. When it is determined that a derivative is not highly effective as a hedge, the Company discontinues hedge accounting prospectively. Any gain or loss deferred through that date remains in AOCE until the forecasted transaction occurs, at which time it is reclassified to the consolidated statements of operations. To the extent the transaction is no longer deemed probable of occurring, hedge accounting treatment is discontinued and amounts deferred would be reclassified to the consolidated statements of operations. In the event hedge accounting requirements are not met, gains and losses on such instruments are included currently in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company uses derivatives to economically hedge intercompany loans denominated in foreign currencies. Due to the short-term nature of the derivative contracts involved, the Company does not use hedge accounting for these contracts.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation
 
The Company has stock-based employee compensation plans and plans for non-employee members of the Company’s Board of Directors. Under these plans the Company may grant stock options at or above the fair market value of the Company’s stock, as well as restricted stock, restricted stock units and contingent stock performance awards. All awards are measured at fair value at the date of the grant and amortized as expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award. For awards contingent upon Company performance, the measurement of the expense for these awards is based on the Company’s current estimate of its performance over the performance period. See note 11 for further discussion.
 
Net Earnings Per Common Share
 
Basic net earnings per share is computed by dividing net earnings by the weighted average number of shares outstanding for the year. Diluted net earnings per share is similar except that the weighted average number of shares outstanding is increased by dilutive securities, and net earnings are adjusted for certain amounts related to dilutive securities. Dilutive securities include shares issuable under convertible debt, as well as shares issuable upon exercise of stock options and warrants for which the market price exceeds the exercise price, less shares which could have been purchased by the Company with the related proceeds. Dilutive securities may also include shares potentially issuable to settle liabilities. Options and warrants totaling 3,491, 3,250 and 5,148 for 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because to include them would have been antidilutive.
 
A reconciliation of net earnings and average number of shares for each of the three fiscal years ended December 28, 2008 is as follows:
 
                                                 
    2008     2007     2006  
    Basic     Diluted     Basic     Diluted     Basic     Diluted  
 
Net earnings
  $ 306,766       306,766       333,003       333,003       230,055       230,055  
Interest expense on contingent convertible debentures due 2021, net of tax
          4,238             4,248             4,262  
                                                 
    $ 306,766       311,004       333,003       337,251       230,055       234,317  
                                                 
Average shares outstanding
    140,877       140,877       156,054       156,054       167,100       167,100  
Effect of dilutive securities:
                                               
Contingent convertible debentures due 2021
          11,566             11,568             11,574  
Options and warrants
          2,787             3,583             2,369  
                                                 
Equivalent shares
    140,877       155,230       156,054       171,205       167,100       181,043  
                                                 
Net earnings per share
  $ 2.18       2.00       2.13       1.97       1.38       1.29  
                                                 
 
The net earnings per share calculations for each of the three years ended December 28, 2008 include adjustments to add back to earnings the interest expense, net of tax, incurred on the Company’s senior convertible debentures due 2021, as well as to add back to outstanding shares the amount of shares potentially issuable under the contingent conversion feature of these debentures. See note 7 for further information on the contingent conversion feature.
 
Certain warrants containing a put feature that could be settled in cash or common stock were required to be accounted for as a liability at fair value. These warrants were repurchased by the Company in May of


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
2007. Prior to their repurchase, the Company was required to assess if these warrants, classified as a liability, had a more dilutive impact on earnings per share when treated as an equity contract. For the years ended December 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, the warrants had a more dilutive impact on earnings per share assuming they were treated as a liability and no adjustments to net earnings or equivalent shares was required.
 
(2)   Other Comprehensive Earnings
 
The Company’s other comprehensive earnings (loss) for the years 2008, 2007 and 2006 consist of the following:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
  $ (33,555 )     35,888       26,429  
Changes in value of available-for-sale securities, net of tax
    (3,037 )     221       (2,497 )
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging activities, net of tax
    73,184       (15,851 )     (7,412 )
Change in unrecognized pension and postretirement amounts, net of tax
    (52,582 )     27,393        
Minimum pension liability adjustment, net of tax
                1,991  
Reclassifications to earnings, net of tax:
                       
Net losses on cash flow hedging activities
    1,409       6,887       1,448  
(Gain) loss on available-for-sale securities
    897       (664 )     2,629  
Amortization of unrecognized pension and postretirement amounts
    1,002       2,099        
                         
Other comprehensive earnings (loss)
  $ (12,682 )     55,973       22,588  
                         
 
The related tax benefit (expense) of other comprehensive earnings items was $16,022, $(16,064), and $273 for the years 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Income taxes related to reclassification adjustments from other comprehensive earnings of $763, $1,412 and $85 in 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively, were included in these amounts.
 
In the first quarter of 2007, in accordance with SFAS No. 158, the Company changed its measurement date for certain of its defined benefit pension plans and its postretirement plan from September 30 to the Company’s fiscal year-end date. As a result of this change, the assets and liabilities of these plans were remeasured as of December 31, 2006, the 2006 fiscal year-end date of the Company. This remeasurement resulted in an adjustment to accumulated other comprehensive earnings of $7,779 net of taxes of $4,765, during the first quarter of 2007.
 
At December 31, 2006, the Company adopted the recognition provisions of SFAS 158, which required the Company to recognize the funded status of defined benefit pension and postretirement plans as an asset or liability in its statement of financial position and to recognize changes in that funded status in the year in which the changes occur through comprehensive income. The adoption of this statement resulted in an adjustment of $(26,750), net of taxes of $12,645, to accumulated other comprehensive income at December 31, 2006.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
Components of accumulated other comprehensive earnings at December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 are as follows:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
  $ 71,317       104,872  
Changes in value of available-for-sale securities, net of tax
    (651 )     1,489  
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging activities, net of tax
    63,513       (11,080 )
Unrecognized pension and postretirement amounts, net of tax
    (71,923 )     (20,343 )
                 
    $ 62,256       74,938  
                 
 
(3)   Property, Plant and Equipment
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Land and improvements
  $ 6,578       6,940  
Buildings and improvements
    195,520       192,928  
Machinery and equipment
    358,529       344,967  
                 
      560,627       544,835  
Less accumulated depreciation
    403,082       401,272  
                 
      157,545       143,563  
Tools, dies and molds, net of depreciation
    54,162       44,397  
                 
    $ 211,707       187,960  
                 
 
Expenditures for maintenance and repairs which do not materially extend the life of the assets are charged to operations.
 
(4)   Goodwill and Intangibles
 
Goodwill and certain intangible assets relating to rights obtained in the Company’s acquisition of Milton Bradley in 1984 and Tonka in 1991 are not amortized. These rights were determined to have indefinite lives and total approximately $75,700. The Company’s other intangible assets are amortized over their remaining useful lives, and accumulated amortization of these other intangibles is reflected in other intangibles, net in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
 
The Company performs an annual impairment test on goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives. This annual impairment test is performed in the fourth quarter of the Company’s fiscal year. In addition, if an event occurs or circumstances change that indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable, the Company will perform an interim impairment test at that time. For the three fiscal years ended December 28, 2008, no such events occurred. The Company completed its annual impairment tests in the fourth quarters of 2008, 2007 and 2006 and had no impairment charges.
 
A portion of the Company’s goodwill and other intangible assets reside in the Corporate segment of the business. For purposes of testing pursuant to Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets”, these assets are allocated to the reporting units within the Company’s operating segments. In 2008 the Company reorganized the reporting structure of its operating segments (see note 16). The Company has adjusted its prior year information to reflect the current reporting structure and reallocated


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
Corporate segment amounts. Changes in carrying amount of goodwill, by operating segment for the years ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 are as follows:
 
                         
    U.S. and Canada     International     Total  
 
2008
                       
Balance at December 30, 2007
  $ 293,891       177,286       471,177  
Goodwill acquired
    6,605       2,217       8,822  
Foreign exchange translation
          (5,502 )     (5,502 )
                         
Balance at December 28, 2008
  $ 300,496       174,001       474,497  
                         
2007
                       
Balance at December 31, 2006
  $ 293,891       176,047       469,938  
Foreign exchange translation
          1,239       1,239  
                         
Balance at December 30, 2007
  $ 293,891       177,286       471,177  
                         
 
In January 2008 the Company acquired Cranium, Inc. (“Cranium”), a developer and marketer of children’s and adult board games, in order to supplement its existing game portfolio for a total cost of approximately $68,000. Based on the allocation of the purchase price, property rights related to acquired product lines of approximately $68,500 were recorded as intangible assets in the acquisition. These property rights are being amortized over a fifteen year estimated useful life. Goodwill of $8,822 was also recorded as a result of the transaction. The consolidated statement of operations of the Company for 2008 includes the operations of Cranium from the closing date of January 25, 2008.
 
A summary of the Company’s other intangibles, net at December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 is as follows:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Acquired product rights
  $ 1,080,628       925,092  
Licensed rights of entertainment properties
    211,555       211,555  
Accumulated amortization
    (799,509 )     (726,153 )
                 
Amortizable intangible assets
    492,674       410,494  
Product rights with indefinite lives
    75,738       75,738  
                 
    $ 568,412       486,232  
                 
 
In the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the Company purchased all of the intellectual property rights related to the TRIVIAL PURSUIT brand from Horn Abbot Ltd. and Horn Abbot International Limited (together the “Seller”) for a total cost of approximately $80,800. Previous to this asset purchase, the Company licensed these rights from the Seller. The cost was recorded as property rights and included in other intangibles. These property rights are being amortized over a fifteen year estimated useful life.
 
In July 2007, with the exception of rights to DUNGEONS & DRAGONS, the Company reacquired the remaining digital gaming rights for its owned or controlled properties held by Infogrames Entertainment SA (Infogrames). The acquisition price of $19,000 included $18,000 in cash and $1,000 of non-cash consideration in the form of the return of preferred stock held by the Company in a subsidiary of Infogrames. These rights were previously held by Infogrames on an exclusive basis as a result of a license agreement. The consideration to reacquire these rights, which represents fair value, is included as a component of other intangible assets in the consolidated balance sheets and is being amortized over a period of approximately 5 years.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
The Company will continue to incur amortization expense related to the use of acquired and licensed rights to produce various products. The amortization of these product rights will fluctuate depending on related projected revenues during an annual period, as well as rights reaching the end of their useful lives. The Company currently estimates continuing amortization expense related to the above intangible assets for the next five years to be approximately:
 
         
2009
  $ 77,000  
2010
    52,300  
2011
    51,900  
2012
    52,700  
2013
    48,300  
 
(5)   Financing Arrangements
 
Short-Term Borrowings
 
At December 28, 2008, Hasbro had available an unsecured committed line and unsecured uncommitted lines of credit from various banks approximating $300,000 and $174,200, respectively. A significant portion of the short-term borrowings outstanding at the end of 2008, and all of the short-term borrowings outstanding at the end of 2007, represent borrowings made under, or supported by, these lines of credit. The weighted average interest rates of the outstanding borrowings as of December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 were 10.7% and 5.5%, respectively. The Company had no borrowings outstanding under its committed line of credit at December 28, 2008. During 2008, Hasbro’s working capital needs were fulfilled by cash generated from operations, borrowings under lines of credit, and the Company’s accounts receivable securitization program. Borrowings under the lines of credit were on terms and at interest rates generally extended to companies of comparable creditworthiness.
 
The unsecured committed line (the “Agreement”) provides the Company with a $300,000 committed borrowing facility through June 2011. The Company has the ability to request increases in the committed facility in additional increments of at least $50,000, subject to lender agreement, up to a total committed facility of $500,000. The Agreement contains certain financial covenants setting forth leverage and coverage requirements, and certain other limitations typical of an investment grade facility, including with respect to liens, mergers and incurrence of indebtedness. The Company was in compliance with all covenants as of and for the year ended December 28, 2008.
 
The Company pays a commitment fee (0.10% as of December 28, 2008) based on the unused portion of the facility and interest equal to LIBOR or Prime plus a spread on borrowings under the facility. The commitment fee and the amount of the spread to LIBOR or Prime both vary based on the Company’s long-term debt ratings and the Company’s leverage. At December 28, 2008, the interest rate under the facility was equal to LIBOR plus 0.50% or Prime.
 
Securitization
 
The Company is party to a receivable securitization program whereby the Company sells, on an ongoing basis, substantially all of its U.S. trade accounts receivable to a bankruptcy-remote, special purpose subsidiary, Hasbro Receivables Funding, LLC (HRF), which is wholly-owned and consolidated by the Company. HRF will, subject to certain conditions, sell, from time to time on a revolving basis, an undivided fractional ownership interest in up to $250,000 of eligible domestic receivables to various multi-party commercial paper conduits supported by a committed liquidity facility. During the period from the first day of the October fiscal month through the last day of the following January fiscal month, this limit is increased to $300,000. Under the terms of the agreement, new receivables are added to the pool as collections reduce previously held


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
receivables. The Company expects to service, administer, and collect the receivables on behalf of HRF and the conduits. The net proceeds of sale will be less than the face amount of accounts receivable sold by an amount that approximates a financing cost.
 
The receivables facility contains certain restrictions on the Company and HRF that are customary for facilities of this type. The commitments under the facility are subject to termination prior to their term upon the occurrence of certain events, including payment defaults, breach of covenants, breach of representations or warranties, bankruptcy, and failure of the receivables to satisfy certain performance criteria.
 
As of December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 the utilization of the receivables facility was $250,000. As of December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 the Company had an additional $1,106 and $16,550, respectively, available to sell under the facility. The transactions are accounted for as sales under SFAS 140. During 2008, 2007 and 2006, the loss on the sale of the receivables totaled $5,302, $7,982 and $2,241, respectively, which is recorded in selling, distribution and administration expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The discount on interests sold is approximately equal to the interest rate paid by the conduits to the holders of the commercial paper plus other fees. The discount rate as of December 28, 2008 was approximately 3.00%.
 
Upon sale to the conduits, HRF continues to hold a subordinated retained interest in the receivables. The subordinated interest in receivables is recorded at fair value, which is determined based on the present value of future expected cash flows estimated using management’s best estimates of credit losses and discount rates commensurate with the risks involved. Due to the short-term nature of trade receivables, the carrying amount, less allowances, approximates fair value. Variations in the credit and discount assumptions would not significantly impact fair value.
 
(6)   Accrued Liabilities
 
Components of accrued liabilities are as follows:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Royalties
  $ 144,566       98,767  
Advertising
    92,852       100,883  
Payroll and management incentives
    65,171       78,809  
Other
    305,264       277,461  
                 
    $ 607,853       555,920  
                 


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
(7)   Long-Term Debt
 
Components of long-term debt are as follows:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
6.15% Notes Due 2008
  $       135,092  
6.30% Notes Due 2017
    350,000       350,000  
2.75% Convertible Debentures Due 2021
    249,828       249,828  
6.60% Debentures Due 2028
    109,895       109,895  
                 
Total principal amount of long-term debt
    709,723       844,815  
Fair value adjustment related to interest rate swaps
          256  
                 
Total long-term debt
    709,723       845,071  
Less current portion
          135,348  
                 
Long-term debt excluding current portion
  $ 709,723       709,723  
                 
 
At December 28, 2008, as detailed above, all contractual maturities of long-term debt occur subsequent to 2013.
 
At December 28, 2008, the fair values of the 6.30% Notes, the 6.60% Notes and the 2.75% Debentures were approximately $335,000, $100,300 and $334,200, respectively.
 
In 2008 and 2006 the Company repaid $135,092 of 6.15% notes due in July 2008 and $32,743 of 8.5% notes due in March 2006, respectively.
 
In September 2007 the Company issued $350,000 of notes that are due in 2017 (the “Notes”). The Notes bear interest at a rate of 6.30%, which may be adjusted upward in the event that the Company’s credit rating from Moody’s Investor Services, Inc., Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services or Fitch Ratings is decreased two levels below the Company’s credit ratings on the date of issuance of the Notes. From the date of issuance through December 28, 2008, the Company’s ratings from Moody’s Investor Services, Inc., Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services and Fitch Ratings were BBB, Baa2 and BBB, respectively. The interest rate adjustment is dependent on the degree of decrease of the Company’s ratings and could range from 0.25% to a maximum of 2%. The Company may redeem the Notes at its option at the greater of the principal amount of the Notes or the present value of the remaining scheduled payments discounted using the effective interest rate on applicable U.S. Treasury bills at the time of repurchase.
 
The Company currently has $249,828 outstanding in principal amount of contingent convertible debentures due 2021. These debentures bear interest at 2.75%, which could be subject to an upward adjustment depending on the price of the Company’s common stock. If the closing price of the Company’s common stock exceeds $23.76 for at least 20 trading days, within the 30 consecutive trading day period ending on the last trading day of the calendar quarter, the holders have the right to convert the notes to shares of the Company’s common stock at the initial conversion price of $21.60 in the next calendar quarter. At December 28, 2008, this contingent conversion feature was met and the debentures are convertible through March 31, 2009, at which time the requirements of the contingent conversion feature will be reevaluated. In addition, if the closing price of the Company’s common stock exceeds $27.00 for at least 20 trading days in any thirty day period, the Company has the right to call the debentures by giving notice to the holders of the debentures. During a prescribed notice period, the holders of the debentures have the right to convert their debentures in accordance with the conversion terms described above. At certain times during the year, based on the Company’s common stock price, the Company had the right to call the debentures under this provision. As of December 28, 2008, the Company did not have the right to call the debentures. The holders of these


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
debentures may also put the notes back to Hasbro in December 2011 and December 2016. At these times, the purchase price may be paid in cash, shares of common stock or a combination of the two, at the discretion of the Company.
 
(8)   Income Taxes
 
Income taxes attributable to earnings before income taxes are:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Current
                       
United States
  $ 68,514       42,613       40,875  
State and local
    251       5,497       3,203  
International
    40,530       43,691       42,374  
                         
      109,295       91,801       86,452  
                         
Deferred
                       
United States
    22,917       33,707       24,912  
State and local
    1,964       2,889       2,135  
International
    113       982       (2,080 )
                         
      24,994       37,578       24,967  
                         
    $ 134,289       129,379       111,419  
                         
 
Certain income tax (benefits) expenses, not reflected in income taxes in the statements of operations totaled $(29,287) in 2008, $2,542 in 2007, and $(27,876) in 2006. These income tax (benefits) expenses relate primarily to pension amounts recorded in AOCE and stock options. In 2008, 2007, and 2006, the deferred tax portion of the total (benefit) expense was $(26,555), $20,163, and $(12,917), respectively.
 
A reconciliation of the statutory United States federal income tax rate to Hasbro’s effective income tax rate is as follows:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Statutory income tax rate
    35.0 %     35.0 %     35.0 %
State and local income taxes, net
    1.0       1.1       1.2  
Investment of foreign earnings in U.S.
    3.5       4.4        
Tax on international earnings
    (7.9 )     (10.9 )     (9.7 )
Fair value adjustment of liabilities potentially settleable in common stock
          3.4       3.3  
Change in valuation allowance
                0.8  
Exam settlements and statute expirations
    (0.8 )     (6.5 )     1.5  
Other, net
    (0.4 )     1.5       0.5  
                         
      30.4 %     28.0 %     32.6 %
                         
 
During 2008 and 2007, the Company designated $60,000 and $90,000 of the respective current year international net earnings that will not be indefinitely reinvested outside of the U.S. The incremental income tax on this amount, representing the difference between the U.S. federal income tax rate and the income tax rates in the applicable international jurisdictions, is a component of deferred income tax expense.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
The components of earnings before income taxes, determined by tax jurisdiction, are as follows:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
United States
  $ 208,125       165,274       113,761  
International
    232,930       297,108       227,713  
                         
    $ 441,055       462,382       341,474  
                         
 
The components of deferred income tax expense arise from various temporary differences and relate to items included in the statements of operations. The tax effects of temporary differences that give rise to significant portions of the deferred tax assets and liabilities at December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 are:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Deferred tax assets:
               
Accounts receivable
  $ 16,764       20,524  
Inventories
    20,226       24,608  
Losses and tax credit carryforwards
    34,438       39,094  
Operating expenses
    42,947       42,759  
Pension
    34,065       9,990  
Other compensation
    31,331       24,477  
Postretirement benefits
    12,647       13,507  
Other
    39,147       37,274  
                 
Gross deferred tax assets
    231,565       212,233  
Valuation allowance
    (11,755 )     (36,254 )
                 
Net deferred tax assets
    219,810       175,979  
                 
Deferred tax liabilities:
               
Convertible debentures
    47,608       40,185  
International earnings not indefinitely reinvested
    24,641       20,422  
Depreciation and amortization of long-lived assets
    40,509       15,833  
Other
    11,035       2,408  
                 
Deferred tax liabilities
    123,793       78,848  
                 
Net deferred income taxes
  $ 96,017       97,131  
                 
 
Hasbro has a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets at December 28, 2008 of $11,755, which is a decrease of $24,499 from $36,254 at December 30, 2007. The valuation allowance pertains to United States and International loss carryforwards, some of which have no expiration and others that would expire beginning in 2009. The decrease in the valuation allowance is primarily attributable to the generation of sufficient capital gains in 2008 to utilize prior year capital losses.
 
Based on Hasbro’s history of taxable income and the anticipation of sufficient taxable income in years when the temporary differences are expected to become tax deductions, the Company believes that it will realize the benefit of the deferred tax assets, net of the existing valuation allowance.
 
Deferred income taxes of $53,285 and $53,040 at the end of 2008 and 2007, respectively, are included as a component of prepaid expenses and other current assets, and $53,031 and $45,855, respectively, are included as a component of other assets. At the same dates, deferred income taxes of $4,245 and $81, respectively, are


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Table of Contents

 
HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
included as a component of accrued liabilities, and $6,054 and $1,683, respectively, are included as a component of other liabilities.
 
On January 1, 2007, the Company adopted FIN 48, which applies to all tax positions accounted for under Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes”. FIN 48 prescribes a two step process for the measurement of uncertain tax positions that have been taken or are expected to be taken in a tax return. The first step is a determination of whether the tax position should be recognized in the financial statements. The second step determines the measurement of the tax position. FIN 48 also provides guidance on derecognition of such tax positions, classification, potential interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods and disclosure. The adoption of FIN 48 resulted in a $88,798 decrease in current liabilities, a $85,773 increase in long-term liabilities, a $5,333 increase to the long-term deferred tax assets and a $8,358 increase to retained earnings.
 
A reconciliation of unrecognized tax benefits, excluding potential interest and penalties, for the fiscal years ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 is as follows:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Balance at beginning of year
  $ 58,855       72,878  
Gross increases in prior period tax positions
    803       1,980  
Gross decreases in prior period tax positions
    (2,612 )     (889 )
Gross increases in current period tax positions
    25,101       12,840  
Decreases related to settlements with tax authorities
    (1,229 )     (633 )
Decreases from the expiration of statute of limitations
    (1,462 )     (27,321 )
                 
Balance at end of year
  $ 79,456       58,855  
                 
 
If the $79,456 is recognized, approximately $54,300 would decrease the effective tax rate in the period in which each of the benefits is recognized. The remaining amount would be offset by the reversal of related deferred tax assets.
 
During 2008 and 2007 the Company recognized $3,357 and $4,628, respectively, of potential interest and penalties, which are included as a component of income tax in the accompanying statement of operations. At December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, the Company had accrued potential interest and penalties of $13,660 and $12,020, respectively.
 
The Company and its subsidiaries file income tax returns in the United States and various state and international jurisdictions. In the normal course of business, the Company is regularly audited by U.S. federal, state and local and international tax authorities in various tax jurisdictions. The Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal income tax examinations for years before 2004. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. state or local and non-U.S. income tax examinations by tax authorities in its major jurisdictions for years before 2003.
 
The U.S. Internal Revenue Service has commenced an examination related to the 2004 and 2005 U.S. federal income tax returns. The Company is also under income tax examination in Mexico and in several other state and foreign jurisdictions. The ultimate resolution of the U.S. and Mexican examinations, including matters that may be resolved within the next twelve months, is not yet determinable. In connection with the Mexican tax examinations for the years 2000 to 2003, the Company has received tax assessments, which include interest, penalties and inflation updates, related to transfer pricing which the Company is vigorously defending. In order to continue the process of defending its position, the Company was required to guarantee the amount of the assessments, as is usual and customary in Mexico with respect to these matters. Accordingly, as of December 28, 2008, bonds totaling $67,696 (at year-end 2008 exchange rates) have been provided to the


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
Mexican government related to the 2000 to 2002 assessments, allowing the Company to defend its positions. The Company will be required to either post an additional bond or pay a deposit of $25,688 (at year-end 2008 exchange rates) related to the 2003 assessment. The Company expects to be successful in sustaining its position with respect to these assessments as well as similar positions that may be taken by the Mexican tax authorities for periods subsequent to 2003.
 
Upon the settlements of other examinations in various tax jurisdictions and the expiration of several statutes of limitation, the Company believes that it is reasonably possible that the related unrecognized tax benefits and accrued interest may decrease income tax expense by up to approximately $3,000 in the next 12 months.
 
The cumulative amount of undistributed earnings of Hasbro’s international subsidiaries held for reinvestment is approximately $718,000 at December 28, 2008. In the event that all international undistributed earnings were remitted to the United States, the amount of incremental taxes would be approximately $167,000.
 
(9)   Capital Stock
 
Preference Share Purchase Rights
 
Hasbro maintains a Preference Share Purchase Rights Plan (the “Rights Plan”). Under the terms of the Rights Plan, each share of common stock is accompanied by a Preference Share Purchase Right (“Right”). Each Right is only exercisable under certain circumstances and, until exercisable, the Rights are not transferable apart from Hasbro’s common stock. When exercisable, each Right will entitle its holder to purchase until June 30, 2009, in certain merger or other business combination or recapitalization transactions, at the Right’s then current exercise price, a number of the acquiring company’s or Hasbro’s, as the case may be, common shares having a market value at that time of twice the Right’s exercise price. Under certain circumstances, the Company may substitute cash, other assets, equity securities or debt securities for the common stock. At the option of the Board of Directors of Hasbro (“the Board”), the rightholder may, under certain circumstances, receive shares of Hasbro’s common stock in exchange for Rights.
 
Prior to the acquisition by a person or group of beneficial ownership of a certain percentage of Hasbro’s common stock, the Rights are redeemable for $0.01 per Right. The Rights Plan contains certain exceptions with respect to the Hassenfeld family and related entities.
 
Common Stock
 
In February 2008 the Company’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $500,000 in common stock after three previous authorizations dated May 2005, July 2006 and August 2007 with a cumulative authorized repurchase amount of $1,200,000 were fully utilized. Purchases of the Company’s common stock may be made from time to time, subject to market conditions, and may be made in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions. The Company has no obligation to repurchase shares under the authorization and the timing, actual number, and the value of the shares which are repurchased will depend on a number of factors, including the price of the Company’s common stock. This authorization replaced all prior authorizations. In 2008, the Company repurchased 11,736 shares at an average price of $30.44. The total cost of these repurchases, including transaction costs, was $357,589. At December 28, 2008, $252,364 remained under this authorization.
 
(10)   Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
On December 31, 2007, the first day of fiscal 2008, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS No. 157”), for financial assets and liabilities and No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities”


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
(“SFAS No. 159”). SFAS No. 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.
 
The SFAS No. 157 fair value hierarchy consists of three levels: Level 1 fair values are valuations based on quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity has the ability to access; Level 2 fair values are those valuations based on quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and Level 3 fair values are valuations based on inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
 
SFAS No. 159 permits entities to choose to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value and establishes presentation and disclosure requirements designed to facilitate comparisons between entities that choose different measurement attributes for similar assets and liabilities. The Company did not elect the fair value option for any assets or liabilities in 2008. The adoption of SFAS No. 157 and SFAS No. 159 did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet or statement of operations. SFAS No. 157 is not required to be adopted for certain non-financial assets and liabilities until the first day of fiscal 2009. The Company’s assets for which SFAS No. 157 was not adopted include the Company’s goodwill and property rights, including the property rights recorded in connection with the Company’s acquisition of Cranium, Inc. and TRIVIAL PURSUIT (see note 4).
 
At December 28, 2008, the Company had the following assets measured at fair value in its consolidated balance sheet:
 
                                 
    Fair Value Measurements at
 
    December 28, 2008 Using  
          Quoted
             
          Prices in
             
          Active
             
          Markets
    Significant
       
          for
    Other
    Significant
 
          Identical
    Observable
    Unobservable
 
    Fair
    Assets
    Inputs
    Inputs
 
    Value     (Level 1)     (Level 2)     (Level 3)  
 
Available-for-sale securities
  $ 4,634       43             4,591  
Derivatives
    72,053             72,053        
                                 
Total
  $ 76,687       43       72,053       4,591  
                                 
 
For a portion of the Company’s available-for-sale securities, the Company is able to obtain quoted prices from stock exchanges to measure the fair value of these securities. The remaining available-for-sale securities consist of warrants to purchase common stock. The Company uses the Black-Scholes model to value these warrants. One of the inputs used in the Black-Scholes model, historical volatility, is considered an unobservable input in that it reflects the Company’s own assumptions about the inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. The Company believes that this is the best information available for use in the fair value measurement. The Company’s derivatives are measured using inputs that are observable indirectly through corroboration with readily available market data, in this case foreign exchange rates. The Company’s derivatives consist of foreign currency forward contracts. The Company uses current forward rates of the respective foreign currencies to measure the fair value of these contracts. There were no changes in these valuation techniques during 2008.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
The following is reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances of the fair value measurements of the Company’s available-for-sale securities that use significant unobservable inputs (Level 3):
 
         
Balance at December 30, 2007
  $ 8,580  
Loss included in other comprehensive earnings
    (3,989 )
         
Balance at December 28, 2008
  $ 4,591  
         
 
(11)   Stock Options, Other Stock Awards and Warrants
 
Hasbro has reserved 16,147 shares of its common stock for issuance upon exercise of options and the grant of other awards granted or to be granted under stock incentive plans for employees and for non-employee members of the Board of Directors (collectively, the “plans”). These options and other awards generally vest in equal annual amounts over three to five years. The plans provide that options be granted at exercise prices not less than fair market value on the date the option is granted and options are adjusted for such changes as stock splits and stock dividends. Generally, options are exercisable for periods of no more than ten years after date of grant. Certain of the plans permit the granting of awards in the form of stock, stock appreciation rights, stock awards and cash awards in addition to stock options. Upon exercise in the case of stock options, grant in the case of restricted stock or vesting in the case of performance based contingent stock grants, shares are issued out of available treasury shares.
 
The Company on occasion will issue restricted stock and grant restricted stock units to certain key employees. In 2008, 2007, and 2006 the Company issued restricted stock and restricted stock units of 60, 12 and 20 shares, respectively. These shares or units are nontransferable and subject to forfeiture for periods prescribed by the Company. These awards are valued at the market value at the date of grant and are subsequently amortized over the periods during which the restrictions lapse, generally 3 years. Compensation expense recognized relating to the outstanding restricted stock and restricted stock units was $661, $183, and $158 in fiscal 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively. At December 28, 2008, the amount of total unrecognized compensation cost related to restricted stock is $1,840 and the weighted average period over which this will be expensed is 28 months.
 
In 2008, 2007, and 2006, as part of its annual equity grant to executive officers and certain other employees, the Compensation Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors approved the issuance of contingent stock performance awards (the “Stock Performance Awards”). These awards provide the recipients with the ability to earn shares of the Company’s common stock based on the Company’s achievement of stated cumulative diluted earnings per share and cumulative net revenue targets over the three fiscal years ended December 2010 for the 2008 award, over the three fiscal years ended December 2009 for the 2007 award, and over a ten quarter period beginning July 3, 2006 and ending December 2008 for the 2006 award. Each Stock Performance Award has a target number of shares of common stock associated with such award which may be earned by the recipient if the Company achieves the stated diluted earnings per share and revenue targets. The ultimate amount of the award may vary, depending on actual results, from 0% to 125% of the target number of shares. The Compensation Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors has discretionary power to reduce the amount of the award regardless of whether the stated targets are met.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
Information with respect to Stock Performance Awards for 2008, 2007 and 2006 is as follows:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Outstanding at beginning of year
    1,194       738        
Granted
    696       537       762  
Forfeited
    (60 )     (81 )     (24 )
                         
Outstanding at end of year
    1,830       1,194       738  
                         
Weighted average grant-date fair value:
                       
Granted
  $ 27.10       28.74       19.00  
Forfeited
  $ 24.31       22.89       18.82  
Outstanding at end of year
  $ 24.15       23.12       19.01  
 
Stock Performance Awards granted during 2008 include 100 shares related to the 2006 award, reflecting an increase in the ultimate amount of the award to be issued based on the Company’s actual results during the performance period. These shares are excluded from the calculation of the weighted average grant-date fair value of Stock Performance Awards granted during 2008.
 
During 2008, 2007 and 2006, the Company recognized $17,422, $11,122 and $2,390, respectively, of expense relating to these awards. If minimum targets, as detailed under the award, are not met, no additional compensation cost will be recognized and any previously recognized compensation cost will be reversed. These awards were valued at the market value at the dates of grant and are being amortized over the three fiscal years ending December 2010, over the three fiscal years ending December 2009 and over the 10 quarter period from July 3, 2006 through December 2008 for the 2008, 2007 and 2006 awards, respectively. At December 28, 2008, the amount of total unrecognized compensation cost related to these awards is approximately $16,600 and the weighted average period over which this will be expensed is 19.56 months.
 
Total compensation expense related to stock options and the stock performance awards for the years ended December 28, 2008, December 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006 was $33,300, $28,229 and $21,684, respectively, and was recorded as follows:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Cost of sales
  $ 471       374       306  
Research and product development
    2,551       1,937       1,436  
Selling, distribution and administration
    30,278       25,918       19,942  
                         
      33,300       28,229       21,684  
Income tax benefit
    11,794       9,359       7,399  
                         
    $ 21,506       18,870       14,285  
                         


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
Information with respect to stock options for the three years ended December 28, 2008 is as follows:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Outstanding at beginning of year
    14,495       17,309       20,443  
Granted
    3,177       2,243       3,126  
Exercised
    (5,753 )     (4,586 )     (5,490 )
Expired or canceled
    (268 )     (471 )     (770 )
                         
Outstanding at end of year
    11,651       14,495       17,309  
                         
Exercisable at end of year
    6,345       9,731       11,016  
                         
Weighted average exercise price:
                       
Granted
  $ 27.10       32.42       18.83  
Exercised
  $ 21.02       18.04       16.00  
Expired or canceled
  $ 27.49       26.60       24.38  
Outstanding at end of year
  $ 23.76       22.01       19.73  
Exercisable at end of year
  $ 21.01       20.48       19.94  
 
With respect to the 11,651 outstanding options and 6,345 options exercisable at December 28, 2008, the weighted average remaining contractual life of these options was 4.79 years and 4.03 years, respectively. The aggregate intrinsic value of the options outstanding and exercisable at December 28, 2008 was $70,437 and $55,343, respectively.
 
The Company uses the Black-Scholes valuation model in determining fair value of stock options. The weighted average fair value of options granted in fiscal 2008, 2007 and 2006 was $4.46, $7.39 and $4.26, respectively. The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions used for grants in the fiscal years 2008, 2007, and 2006:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Risk-free interest rate
    2.71 %     4.79 %     4.98 %
Expected dividend yield
    2.95 %     1.97 %     2.55 %
Expected volatility
    22 %     22 %     24 %
Expected option life
    5 years       5 years       5 years  
 
The intrinsic values, which represent the difference between the fair market value on the date of exercise and the exercise price of the option, of the options exercised in fiscal 2008, 2007 and 2006 were $83,747, $54,629 and $46,684, respectively.
 
At December 28, 2008, the amount of total unrecognized compensation cost related to stock options was $15,220 and the weighted average period over which this will be expensed is 20.34 months.
 
In 2008, 2007 and 2006, the Company granted 36, 31 and 52 shares of common stock, respectively, to its non-employee members of its Board of Directors. Of these shares, the receipt of 30 shares from the 2008 grant, 19 shares from the 2007 grant and 43 shares from the 2006 grant have been deferred to the date upon which the respective director ceases to be a member of the Company’s Board of Directors. These awards were valued at the market value at the date of grant and vested upon grant. In connection with these grants, compensation cost of $1,260 was recorded in 2008, and $990 was recorded in both 2007 and 2006.
 
In 2007 certain warrants previously issued by the Company allowing for the purchase of 1,700 shares of the Company’s common stock, with a weighted average exercise price of approximately $16.99, were


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
exercised. The holder of the warrants elected to settle the warrants through a non-cash net share settlement, resulting in the issuance of 779 shares. If the holder had not elected net share settlement, the Company would have received cash proceeds from the exercise totaling $28,888 and would have been required to issue 1,700 shares.
 
In addition, during 2007 the Company exercised its call option to repurchase warrants which allowed for the purchase of an aggregate of 15,750 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company had a warrant amendment agreement with Lucasfilm Ltd. and Lucas Licensing Ltd. (together “Lucas”) that provided the Company with a call option through October 13, 2016 to purchase the warrants from Lucas for a price to be paid at the Company’s election of either $200,000 in cash or the equivalent of $220,000 in shares of the Company’s common stock, such stock being valued at the time of the exercise of the option. Also, the warrant amendment agreement provided Lucas with a put option through January 2008 to sell all of these warrants to the Company for a price to be paid at the Company’s election of either $100,000 in cash or the equivalent of $110,000 in shares of the Company’s common stock, such stock being valued at the time of the exercise of the option. In May 2007 the Company exercised its call option to repurchase all of the outstanding warrants for the Company’s common stock held by Lucas and paid $200,000 in cash and repurchased the warrants.
 
Prior to exercising the call option, the Company adjusted these warrants to their fair value through earnings at the end of each reporting period. During 2007 and 2006, the Company recorded other expense of $44,370 and $31,770, respectively to adjust the warrants to their fair value. These amounts are included in other (income) expense, net in the consolidated statements of operations. There was no tax benefit or expense associated with these fair value adjustments.
 
(12)   Pension, Postretirement and Postemployment Benefits
 
Pension and Postretirement Benefits
 
In September 2006, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 158, “Employer’s Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans”, (“SFAS No. 158”) which amends Statements of Financial Accounting Standards No. 87, 88, 106 and 132R. Under SFAS No. 158, the Company is required to recognize on its balance sheet actuarial gains and losses and prior service costs that have not yet been included in income as an adjustment of equity through other comprehensive earnings with a corresponding adjustment to prepaid pension expense or the accrued pension liability. In addition, within two years of adoption, the measurement date for plan assets and liabilities would be required to be the Company’s fiscal year-end.
 
In accordance with SFAS No. 158, effective January 1, 2007, the Company elected to change the measurement date of certain of its defined benefit pension plans and the Company’s other postretirement plan from September 30 to the Company’s fiscal year-end date, which was December 30, 2007. As a result of this election, the assets and liabilities of these plans were remeasured as of December 31, 2006. The remeasurement of the assets and liabilities resulted in an increase in the projected benefit obligation of $536 and an increase in the fair value of plan assets of $10,872. The impact of this accounting change was a reduction of retained earnings of $2,143, an increase to accumulated other comprehensive earnings of $7,779, a decrease in long-term accrued pension expense of $3,619, an increase in prepaid pension expense of $5,482, and a decrease in long-term deferred tax assets of $3,465.
 
Expense related to the Company’s defined benefit and defined contribution plans for 2008, 2007 and 2006 were approximately $33,400, $25,900, and $31,100, respectively. Of these amounts, $32,400, $13,400 and $15,400 related to defined contribution plans in the United States and certain international affiliates. The remainder of the expense relates to defined benefit plans discussed below.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
United States Plans
 
Substantially all United States employees are covered under at least one of several non-contributory defined benefit pension plans maintained by the Company. Benefits under the two major plans which principally cover non-union employees, are based primarily on salary and years of service. One of these major plans is funded. Benefits under the remaining plans are based primarily on fixed amounts for specified years of service. Of these remaining plans, the plan covering union employees is also funded.
 
In 2007, for the two major plans covering its non-union employees, the Company froze benefits being accrued effective at the end of December 2007. In connection with this, the Company recognized a reduction of its projected benefit obligation as a result of this curtailment of $18,499 and recorded a curtailment loss of $908. The pension benefit was replaced by additional employer contributions to the Company’s defined contribution plan beginning in 2008.
 
At December 28, 2008, the measurement date, the projected benefit obligations of the funded plans were in excess of those plans’ fair value of plan assets in the amount of $25,142 while the unfunded plans of the Company had an aggregate accumulated and projected benefit obligation of $43,450. At December 30, 2007, the fair value of the plan assets of the funded plans were in excess of those plans’ projected benefit obligations.
 
Hasbro also provides certain postretirement health care and life insurance benefits to eligible employees who retire and have either attained age 65 with 5 years of service or age 55 with 10 years of service. The cost of providing these benefits on behalf of employees who retired prior to 1993 is and will continue to be substantially borne by the Company. The cost of providing benefits on behalf of substantially all employees who retire after 1992 is borne by the employee. The plan is not funded. As noted above, in 2007, the Company adopted the measurement date provisions of SFAS No. 158.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
Reconciliations of the beginning and ending balances for the years ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 for the projected benefit obligation and the fair value of plan assets are included below.
 
                                 
    Pension     Postretirement  
    2008     2007     2008     2007  
 
Change in Projected Benefit Obligation
                               
Projected benefit obligation — beginning
  $ 288,045       308,133       33,726       37,463  
Service cost
    1,597       9,437       570       597  
Interest cost
    17,714       17,435       2,065       2,105  
Actuarial loss (gain)
    9,253       (7,901 )     (1,668 )     (4,100 )
Effect of curtailment
    1,019       (18,499 )            
Benefits paid
    (16,385 )     (19,781 )     (2,110 )     (2,339 )
Expenses paid
    (909 )     (779 )            
                                 
Projected benefit obligation — ending
  $ 300,334       288,045       32,583       33,726  
                                 
Accumulated benefit obligation — ending
  $ 300,334       288,045       32,583       33,726  
                                 
Change in Plan Assets
                               
Fair value of plan assets — beginning
  $ 283,478       270,926              
Actual return on plan assets
    (37,000 )     30,556              
Employer contribution
    2,558       2,556              
Benefits paid
    (16,385 )     (19,781 )            
Expenses paid
    (909 )     (779 )            
                                 
Fair value of plan assets — ending
  $ 231,742       283,478              
                                 
Reconciliation of Funded Status
                               
Projected benefit obligation
  $ (300,334 )     (288,045 )     (32,583 )     (33,726 )
Fair value of plan assets
    231,742       283,478              
                                 
Funded status
    (68,592 )     (4,567 )     (32,583 )     (33,726 )
Unrecognized net loss
    86,518       17,296       3,444       5,228  
Unrecognized prior service cost
    1,388       1,862              
                                 
Net amount recognized
  $ 19,314       14,591       (29,139 )     (28,498 )
                                 
Other assets
  $       40,485              
Accrued liabilities
    (14,431 )     (5,358 )     (2,400 )     (2,400 )
Other liabilities
    (54,161 )     (39,694 )     (30,183 )     (31,326 )
Accumulated other comprehensive earnings
    87,906       19,158       3,444       5,228  
                                 
Net amount recognized
  $ 19,314       14,591       (29,139 )     (28,498 )
                                 
 
In fiscal 2009, the Company expects amortization of unrecognized net losses and unrecognized prior service cost related to its defined benefit pension plans of $4,574 and $266, respectively, to be included as a component of net periodic benefit cost. In addition, the Company expects amortization of unrecognized net losses related to its postretirement plan of $12 to be included as a component of net periodic benefit cost.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
Assumptions used to determine the year-end benefit obligation are as follows:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Weighted average discount rate
    6.20 %     6.34 %
Rate of future compensation increases
    4.00 %     4.00 %
Long-term rate of return on plan assets
    8.75 %     8.75 %
Mortality table
    RP-2000       RP-2000  
 
The assets of the funded plans are managed by investment advisors and consist of the following:
 
                 
Asset Category
  2008     2007  
 
Equity:
               
Large Cap Equity
    4 %     5 %
Small Cap Equity
    6       8  
International Equity
    7       14  
Other Equity
    9       17  
Fixed Income
    54       40  
Total Return Fund
    18       16  
Cash
    2        
                 
      100 %     100 %
                 
 
Hasbro’s two major funded plans (the “Plans”) are defined benefit pension plans intended to provide retirement benefits to participants in accordance with the benefit structure established by Hasbro, Inc. The Plans’ investment managers, who exercise full investment discretion within guidelines outlined in the Plans’ Investment Policy, are charged with managing the assets with the care, skill, prudence and diligence that a prudent investment professional in similar circumstance would exercise. Investment practices, at a minimum, must comply with the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) and any other applicable laws and regulations.
 
The Plans’ asset allocations are structured to meet a long-term targeted total return consistent with the ongoing nature of the Plans’ liabilities. The shared long-term total return goal, presently 8.75%, includes income plus realized and unrealized gains and/or losses on the Plans’ assets. Utilizing generally accepted diversification techniques, the Plans’ assets, in aggregate and at the individual portfolio level, are invested so that the total portfolio risk exposure and risk-adjusted returns best meet the Plans’ long-term obligations to employees. During 2007, the Company reevaluated its investment strategy and, as a result, decided to change the asset allocation in order to more closely align changes in the value of plan assets with changes in the value of plan liabilities. This change in asset allocation resulted in a transfer of assets into alternative investment strategies designed to achieve a modest absolute return in addition to the return on an underlying asset class such as bond or equity indices. These alternative investment strategies may use derivatives to gain market returns in an efficient and timely manner; however, derivatives are not used to leverage the portfolio beyond the market value of the underlying assets. These alternative investment strategies are included in other equity and fixed income asset categories at December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007. Plan asset allocations are reviewed at least quarterly and rebalanced to achieve target allocation among the asset categories when necessary.
 
The Plans’ investment managers are provided specific guidelines under which they are to invest the assets assigned to them. In general, investment managers are expected to remain fully invested in their asset class with further limitations of risk as related to investments in a single security, portfolio turnover and credit quality.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
With the exception of the alternative investment strategies mentioned above, the Plans’ Investment Policy restricts the use of derivatives associated with leverage or speculation. In addition, the Investment Policy also restricts investments in securities issued by Hasbro, Inc. except through index-related strategies (e.g. an S&P 500 Index Fund) and/or commingled funds. In addition, unless specifically approved by the Investment Committee (which is comprised of members of management, established by the Board to manage and control pension plan assets), certain securities, strategies, and investments are ineligible for inclusion within the Plans.
 
As noted above, in 2007, the Company adopted the measurement date provision of SFAS 158 and, accordingly, for 2008 and 2007, the Plans’ assets and liabilities were measured at December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, respectively. For the fiscal year 2006, the Company measured its liabilities and related assets at September 30. The discount rates used in the pension calculation were also used for the postretirement calculation.
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Components of Net Periodic Cost
Pension
                       
Service cost
  $ 1,597       9,437       10,188  
Interest cost
    17,714       17,435       16,809  
Expected return on assets
    (23,961 )     (23,064 )     (19,112 )
Amortization of prior service cost
    282       634       596  
Amortization of actuarial loss
    993       1,768       3,399  
Curtailment loss
    1,213       908        
                         
Net periodic benefit cost (benefit)
  $ (2,162 )     7,118       11,880  
                         
Postretirement
                       
Service cost
  $ 570       597       684  
Interest cost
    2,065       2,105       2,047  
Amortization of actuarial loss
    115       364       459  
                         
Net periodic benefit cost
  $ 2,750       3,066       3,190  
                         
 
Assumptions used to determine net periodic benefit cost of the pension plan for each fiscal year follow:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Weighted average discount rate
    6.34 %     5.83 %     5.50 %
Rate of future compensation increases
    4.00 %     4.00 %     4.00 %
Long-term rate of return on plan assets
    8.75 %     8.75 %     8.75 %
 
Hasbro works with external benefit investment specialists to assist in the development of the long-term rate of return assumptions used to model and determine the overall asset allocation. Forecast returns are based on the combination of historical returns, current market conditions and a forecast for the capital markets for the next 5-7 years. All asset class assumptions are within certain bands around the long-term historical averages. Correlations are based primarily on historical return patterns.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
Expected benefit payments under the defined benefit pension plans and expected gross benefit payments and subsidy receipts under the postretirement benefit for the next five years subsequent to 2008 and in the aggregate for the following five years are as follows:
 
                         
          Postretirement  
          Gross
       
          Benefit
    Subsidy
 
    Pension     Payments     Receipts  
 
2009
  $ 30,077       2,382       262  
2010
    18,398       2,311       267  
2011
    18,916       2,406       268  
2012
    19,613       2,463       267  
2013
    19,608       2,525       261  
2014-2018
    103,916       12,651       1,123  
 
Assumptions used to determine the net periodic benefit cost of the postretirement plan for the year to date periods are as follows:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Health care cost trend rate assumed for next year
    9.00 %     9.00 %     10.00 %
Rate to which the cost trend rate is assumed to decline (ultimate trend rate)
    5.00 %     5.00 %     5.00 %
Year that the rate reaches the ultimate trend rate
    2016       2016       2012  
 
If the health care cost trend rate were increased one percentage point in each year, the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation at December 28, 2008 and the aggregate of the benefits earned during the period and the interest cost would have increased by approximately 4% and 5%, respectively.
 
International Plans
 
Pension coverage for employees of Hasbro’s international subsidiaries is provided, to the extent deemed appropriate, through separate defined benefit and defined contribution plans. At December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, the defined benefit plans had total projected benefit obligations of $67,437 and $72,359, respectively, and fair values of plan assets of $40,515 and $55,881, respectively. Substantially all of the plan assets are invested in equity and fixed income securities. The pension expense related to these plans was $3,226, $3,937, and $3,702 in 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
 
In fiscal 2009, the Company expects amortization of $120 of prior service costs, $680 of unrecognized net losses and $28 of unrecognized transition obligation to be included as a component of net periodic benefit cost.
 
Expected benefit payments under the international defined benefit pension plans for the five years subsequent to 2008 and in the aggregate for the five years thereafter are as follows: 2009: $1,259; 2010: $1,326; 2011: $1,390; 2012: $1,557; 2013: $1,684 and 2014 through 2018: $13,869.
 
Postemployment Benefits
 
Hasbro has several plans covering certain groups of employees, which may provide benefits to such employees following their period of active employment but prior to their retirement. These plans include certain severance plans which provide benefits to employees involuntarily terminated and certain plans which continue the Company’s health and life insurance contributions for employees who have left Hasbro’s employ under terms of its long-term disability plan.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
(13)   Leases
 
Hasbro occupies certain offices and uses certain equipment under various operating lease arrangements. The rent expense under such arrangements, net of sublease income which is not material, for 2008, 2007, and 2006 amounted to $43,634, $36,897, and $34,603, respectively.
 
Minimum rentals, net of minimum sublease income, which is not material, under long-term operating leases for the five years subsequent to 2008 and in the aggregate thereafter are as follows: 2009: $30,921; 2010: $22,118; 2011: $16,559; 2012: $11,923; 2013: $9,527; and thereafter: $10,522
 
All leases expire prior to the end of 2018. Real estate taxes, insurance and maintenance expenses are generally obligations of the Company. It is expected that in the normal course of business, leases that expire will be renewed or replaced by leases on other properties; thus, it is anticipated that future minimum lease commitments will not be less than the amounts shown for 2008.
 
In addition, Hasbro leases certain facilities which, as a result of restructurings, are no longer in use. Future costs relating to such facilities were accrued as a component of the original charge and are not included in minimum rental amounts above.
 
(14)   Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Hasbro uses foreign currency forwards to reduce the impact of currency rate fluctuations on firmly committed and projected future foreign currency transactions. These instruments hedge a portion of the Company’s anticipated inventory purchases and other cross-border transactions through 2011. At December 28, 2008, these contracts had net unrealized gains of $72,053, of which $32,203 are recorded in prepaid expenses and other current assets and $39,850 are recorded in other assets. The Company has a master agreement with each of its counterparties that allows for the netting of outstanding forward contracts.
 
During 2008, 2007, and 2006, the Company reclassified net losses, net of tax, from other comprehensive earnings to net earnings of $1,409, $6,887, and $1,448, respectively, which included gains (losses) of $1,292, $(37), and $(68), respectively, as the result of hedge ineffectiveness.
 
The remaining balance in AOCE at December 28, 2008 of $63,513 represents a net unrealized gain on foreign currency contracts relating to hedges of inventory purchased during the fourth quarter of 2008 or forecasted to be purchased during 2009 through 2011 and intercompany expenses and royalty payments expected to be paid or received during 2009 through 2011. These amounts will be reclassified into the consolidated statement of operations upon the sale of the related inventory or receipt or payment of the related royalties and expenses. Of the amount included in AOCE at December 28, 2008, the Company expects approximately $26,100 to be reclassified to the consolidated statement of operations within the next 12 months.
 
The Company also enters into derivative instruments to offset changes in the fair value of intercompany loans due to the impact of foreign currency changes. The Company recorded a net loss on these instruments to other (income) expense, net of $42,382, $2,098, and $5,501 in 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively, relating to the change in fair value of such derivatives, substantially offsetting gains from the change in fair value of intercompany loans to which the contracts relate included in other (income) expense, net.
 
(15)   Commitments and Contingencies
 
Hasbro had unused open letters of credit and related instruments of approximately $100,700 and $70,000 at December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, respectively.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
The Company enters into license agreements with inventors, designers and others for the use of intellectual properties in its products. Certain of these agreements contain provisions for the payment of guaranteed or minimum royalty amounts. Additionally, the Company has a long-term commitment related to promotional and marketing activities at a U.S. based theme park. Under terms of existing agreements as of December 28, 2008, Hasbro may, provided the other party meets their contractual commitment, be required to pay amounts as follows: 2009: $16,041; 2010: $5,605; and 2011: $36,172. Subsequent to December 28, 2008, the Company entered into an agreement with Marvel Characters B.V. (“Marvel”) that resulted in the extension of the current agreement from the end of 2011 through the end of 2017. The extended agreement includes an additional $100,000 in minimum guaranteed royalties, with the potential for up to an additional $140,000 in guaranteed royalties contingent upon the release by Marvel of certain MARVEL character-based theatrical releases that meet certain defined criteria.
 
In addition to the above commitments, certain of the above contracts impose minimum marketing commitments on the Company.
 
At December 28, 2008, the Company had approximately $227,673 in outstanding purchase commitments.
 
Hasbro is party to certain legal proceedings, none of which, individually or in the aggregate, is deemed to be material to the financial condition or results of operations of the Company.
 
(16)   Segment Reporting
 
Segment and Geographic Information
 
Hasbro is a worldwide leader in children’s and family leisure time products and services, including toys, games and licensed products ranging from traditional to high-tech and digital. At the beginning of 2008, the Company reorganized the reporting structure of its operating segments and moved its Mexican operations, previously managed and reported in the North American segment, to the International segment. As a result, the North American segment has been renamed the U.S. and Canada segment. The management reorganization was the result of a realignment of the Company’s commercial markets and reflects its objective to leverage its Mexican operations in connection with its growth strategy in Latin and South America. In 2008 the Company’s segments include U.S. and Canada, International, Global Operations and Other. Segment data for 2007 and 2006 has been reclassified to reflect the 2008 segment structure.
 
The U.S. and Canada segment includes the development, marketing and selling of boys’ action figures, vehicles and playsets, girls’ toys, electronic toys and games, plush products, preschool toys and infant products, electronic interactive products, toy-related specialty products, traditional board games and puzzles, DVD-based games and trading card and role-playing games within the United States and Canada. Within the International segment, the Company develops, markets and sells both toy and certain game products in markets outside of the U.S. and Canada, primarily the European, Asia Pacific, and Latin and South American regions. The Global Operations segment is responsible for manufacturing and sourcing finished product for the Company’s U.S. and Canada and International segments. The Company’s Other segment licenses out the rights to certain of its toy and game properties in connection with the sale of non-competing toys and games and non-toy products, as well as consumer promotions.
 
Segment performance is measured at the operating profit level. Included in Corporate and eliminations are certain corporate expenses, the elimination of intersegment transactions and certain assets benefiting more than one segment. Intersegment sales and transfers are reflected in management reports at amounts approximating cost. Certain shared costs, including global development and marketing expenses, are allocated to segments based upon foreign exchange rates fixed at the beginning of the year, with adjustments to actual foreign exchange rates included in Corporate and eliminations. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those referenced in note 1.


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HASBRO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
(Thousands of Dollars and Shares Except Per Share Data)
 
Results shown for fiscal years 2008, 2007 and 2006 are not necessarily those which would be achieved were each segment an unaffiliated business enterprise.
 
Information by segment and a reconciliation to reported amounts are as follows:
 
                                                 
    Revenues
                               
    from
          Operating
    Depreciation
             
    External
    Affiliate
    Profit
    and
    Capital
    Total
 
   
Customers
    Revenue     (Loss)     Amortization     Additions     Assets  
 
2008
                                               
U.S. and Canada
  $ 2,406,745       15,759       283,152       58,306       7,826       3,796,373  
International
    1,499,334       332       165,186       24,854       4,797       1,449,572  
Global Operations(a)
    7,512       1,619,072       19,450       63,940       80,618       1,409,427  
Other Segment
    107,929             51,035       7,938       139       255,737  
Corporate and eliminations(b)
          (1,635,163 )     (24,527 )     11,100       23,763       (3,742,312 )
                                                 
Consolidated Total
  $ 4,021,520             494,296       166,138       117,143       3,168,797  
                                                 
2007
                                               
U.S. and Canada
  $ 2,293,742       13,360       287,800       48,858       8,147       3,621,754  
International
    1,444,863             189,783       23,019       4,096       1,342,933  
Global Operations(a)
    11,707       1,493,750       19,483       67,519       61,678       1,337,321  
Other Segment
    87,245             38,881       3,515       371       179,095  
Corporate and eliminations(b)
          (1,507,110 )     (16,597 )     13,609       17,240       (3,244,040 )
                                                 
Consolidated Total
  $ 3,837,557             519,350       156,520       91,532       3,237,063  
                                                 
2006
                                               
U.S. and Canada
  $ 1,997,141       11,458       254,502       50,528       2,046       3,071,693  
International
    1,092,468             112,350       26,079       5,235       1,015,012  
Global Operations(a)
    13,185       1,242,354       27,158       46,584       57,487       1,073,871  
Other Segment
    48,687             15,729       2,002       105       134,970  
Corporate and eliminations(b)
          (1,253,812